Referencing using Harvard

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Referencing and Bibiographies Harvard (Author : Date) Box Hill School

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My supervisor wants me to add more to this section ……I wish I’d kept track of the resources I used. Help is at hand Correct referencing will allow you to go back and find the resources again if you need to alter anything or need to show someone how you reached your conclusion.

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Where can I find the information I need for a BOOK reference ? Title, Author on the front Publisher on the back Year Published, Place of Publication, Edition inside the front cover or back cover

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Surname INITIALS Title of the book Publisher Place of publication (Year Published) Clegg, C.J. (2007) Biology for the IB Diploma. London: Hodder Murray For Example…. I have the information but how can I sort it out ? !!! REMEMBER THE PUNCTUATION !!!

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HELP! ... There are TWO authors! and Example: Kirk, T. and Hodgson, N. (2007) Physics course companion (IB Diploma Programme). Oxford: Oxford University Press !!! REMEMBER THE PUNCTUATION !!!

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HELP! ... There is a whole bunch of authors! First Author And his French friend Al et al Example: Marcouse, I. et al. (2003) Business Studies. London: Hodder Arnold !!! REMEMBER THE PUNCTUATION !!!

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HELP! ... Where's the author gone ? Reference Books may not have an obvious author…. …so it’s OK to start your reference with the title of the book instead. Example: New Encyclopedia Britannica. (2007) 15th revised ed. London: Encyclopedia Britannica !!! REMEMBER THE PUNCTUATION !!!

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HELP! ... I want to reference a chapter in a book by one author but the book is edited by someone else. Don't forget to mention your editor or no pay rise for you! Example: Matthews, R. A. J. (1999) ‘The science of Murphy’s law’, in Day, P. (ed.) Killers in the brain : Essays in science and technology from the Royal Institution. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 75-96. !!! REMEMBER THE PUNCTUATION !!!

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Where can I find the information I need for a JOURNAL reference ? Journal editors like to hide this information so they can make as much room as possible for the articles and adverts on the Front Cover inside the publication near the front or the back on the Back Cover LOOK

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Surname INITIALS Article title (Issue number) Volume Number (Date) Downing, T. (2008) ‘Under the mushroom cloud’, History Today, volume 58 (8), pp.22-23 For Example…. I have the information but how can I sort it out ? !!! REMEMBER THE PUNCTUATION !!! Journal title Pages

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Where can I find the information I need for a NEWSPAPER reference ? Newspaper editors like to hide this information so they can make as much room as possible for the articles and adverts LOOK on the Front or Back Pages inside the publication near the front or the back

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Surname INITIALS Title of Article (Date) Pratley, N. (2008) ‘The day the ticking time bombs went off’, The Guardian, 16 September, pp1-2 For Example…. I have the information but how can I sort it out ? !!! REMEMBER THE PUNCTUATION !!! Newspaper title Pages

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Where can I find the information I need for a DVD reference ? It could be on the back of the DVD case It could be written on the DVD itself It could be on the insert that tells you about the film, inside the case

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Film Title Directed by Name of Director [DVD] Place of Distribution A beautiful mind. (2002) Directed by Ron Howard [DVD], U.S.A.: Universal Home Video For Example…. I have the information but how can I sort it out ? !!! REMEMBER THE PUNCTUATION !!! Distribution Company (Year of Distribution)

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Where can I find the information I need for a TV or RADIO reference ? INTERNET Write down the information that you see or hear Look up the programme details in a TV magazine or newspaper Look up the programme details on the internet or go to i-player or similar

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Programme Title Name of Channel (Year of Transmission) Political Parties. (2008) BBC Radio 4, 10 September For Example…. I have the information but how can I sort it out ? !!! REMEMBER THE PUNCTUATION !!! Day and Month of Transmission

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Where can I find the information I need for a FILM reference ? INTERNET Look at the film credits and gather the information as you watch Look up the cinema on the internet or go to a film site such as http://www.imdb.com/

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Film Title Directed by Name of Director [Film] Place of Distribution The boy in striped pyjamas.(2008) Directed by Mark Herman [Film]. U.S.A.: Walt Disney Studios International For Example…. I have the information but how can I sort it out ? !!! REMEMBER THE PUNCTUATION !!! Distribution Company ( Year of Distribution )

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Where can I find the information I need for a WEBSITE reference ? Go Home! Look around the home page especially at the top and bottom of the page Search other pages on the website Right click and select properties

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Surname INITIALS Web Page Title Web address url [Accessed: Sheffield, G. ( 2007) The origins of world war one. Available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/WWI [Accessed: 11/09/08] For Example…. I have the information but how can I sort it out ? !!! REMEMBER THE PUNCTUATION !!! Available at: Date] (Date Created)

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Referencing in the text Example: According to Hick (1988, p35), ‘the tremendous expansion of scientific knowledge in the modern era has had a profound influence on modern beliefs’. The influence of scientific knowledge on creationism has recently been discussed by Michael Ruse (2006, pp.190-213) and Duncan, Hall and Irons (2001) while Hick (2006) has recently tackled the influence of neuroscience on religion. Intelligent design has been put forward as an alternative to evolution and has received growing support. According to Seigle (2008) ‘A scientific revolution is beginning to take place before our very eyes. Exciting information is coming out almost daily about “intelligent design,” a concept challenging the reigning world view of Darwinism evolution in classrooms and the media, not to mention the biology labs.’

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Bibliography Putting it all together... Duncan, J. L., Hall, D. W. and Irons, L. (2001) The Genesis Debate. Global Publishing Services. Hick, J. (1988) God and the Universe of Faiths. London: Macmillan Press Ltd. Hick, J. (2006) The New Frontier of Religion and Science: Religious Experience, Neuroscience and the Transcendent. London: Palgrave Macmillan. Ruse, M. (2006) The Evolution-Creation Struggle. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. Seiglie, M. (2008) The Intelligent Design Revolution. Available at: http://www.gnmagazine.org/issues/gn62/degign.htm [ Accessed 6/09/2008] Alphabetical by author

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Remember ! IF it’s a quote to Reference IF you paraphrased Diagram photo or film music IF IT IS NOT YOUR OWN WORK

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Produced by Sarah Pavey MSc FCLIP Senior Librarian Box Hill School March 2010 With thanks to Dulwich College for providing bibliography material