Concept of questionnaire

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The concepts used while preparing a questionnaire is explained with example.

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CONCEPT OF QUESTIONNAIRE : 

CONCEPT OF QUESTIONNAIRE FORMAT OF QUESTIONNAIRE

INTRODUCTION : 

What is a QUESTIONNAIRE ? -> A questionnaire is a research instrument consisting of a series of questions people answer about their life condition, beliefs or attitudes. -> A questionnaire can be administered either as a printed document that respondents fill out or as a list of queries posed by an interviewer, who then compiles interviewees’ answers either by writing on a printed form or by recording the replies on audio tape or videotape. INTRODUCTION

ADVANTAGES OF A QUESTIONNAIRE : 

There is low cost even when the universe is large and is widely spread geographically. It is free from the bias of the interviewer; answers are in respondents' own words. Respondents have adequate time to give well thought answers. Respondents who are not easily approachable , can also be reached conveniently. ADVANTAGES OF A QUESTIONNAIRE

DISADVANTAGES OF A QUESTIONNAIRE : 

Low rate of return of the duly filled in questionnaires. It can be used only when the respondents are educated and cooperating. It is difficult to know whether willing respondents are truly representative. This method is time consuming and very slow in process. DISADVANTAGES OF A QUESTIONNAIRE

KEY FEATURES FOR CONSTRUCTING A QUESTIONNAIRE : 

The researcher must be well acquainted with the research problem. Rough draft of the Questionnaire should be prepared and questions must be in sequence. Researcher must invariably re-examine, and in case of need may revise the rough draft for a better one. Technical defects must be identified and removed if any. Questionnaire must contain simple but straight forward directions for the respondents so that they may not feel any difficulty in answering the questions. KEY FEATURES FOR CONSTRUCTING A QUESTIONNAIRE

TYPES OF QUESTIONS IN QUESTIONNAIRE'S : 

1. Open Format Questions Eg. – 2. Closed Format Questions Eg.- 3. Leading Questions Eg. – TYPES OF QUESTIONS IN QUESTIONNAIRE'S

TYPES….. : 

4. Dichotomous Questions Eg. – 5. Likert Questions Eg. – 6. Importance Questions Eg. – TYPES…..

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7. Bipolar Questions Eg. – 8. Rating Scale Questions Eg. –

QUESTIONS TO BE AVOIDED IN A QUESTIONNAIRE : 

Embarrassing questions Positive / Negative Connotation questions Hypothetical questions QUESTIONS TO BE AVOIDED IN A QUESTIONNAIRE

STEPS TO DEVELOP A QUESTIONNAIRE : 

Determine which information is being sought. Choose a question type (structure and amount of disguise) and method of administration (for example – written form , e-mail , telephone , interview etc.). Determine the general question content needed to obtain the desired information. Determine the form of response Choose the exact question wording. Arrange the questions into an effective sequence. Specify the physical characteristics of the Questionnaire , such as – paper type , number of questions per page , etc.. Test the Questionnaire and revise it as needed. STEPS TO DEVELOP A QUESTIONNAIRE

FORMAT OF A QUESTIONNAIRE : 

1. What type of Company do you require?   (a) Resident Company (b) Exempt Company (c) Qualifying Company ....................................................  2. Do you require a ready-made Company? Yes/No   * If "Yes", state the name of any ready-made Company which may have been reserved for you.   .............................................LIMITED FORMAT OF A QUESTIONNAIRE MOCK QUESTIONNAIRE

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3. Company Name   If you require a name of your own choice (i.e. a company incorporated to order or the change of name of a ready-made one) enter your choice of names in order of reference. Please clarify the meaning of any initials appearing in the proposed names.   1. ............................................... 2. ............................................... 3. ...............................................

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4. Principal Objects   Our companies are normally incorporated using the standard clause 3 a(attached hereto) covering financial and property investments, holding company and general trading activities. Is this clause suitable for your purposes? Yes/No If not, please state objects required. ......................................................... 5. Share Capital   Unless otherwise requested, the share capital for a ready-made company or one made to order will be 1000 shares of £1.00 each. Alternatively, please insert your requirements hereunder:   Number of shares............................. Currency and value.................................... etc.

CONCLUSION : 

CONCLUSION Thank You

SOURCES : 

Research Methodology by C.R. Kothari. Theses and Dissertations – A guide to Planning , Research and Writing by R. Murray Thomas and Dale L. Brubaker. Internet Sources. SOURCES

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