Season of Migration to the North

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Parallelism between:موسم الهجرة الى الشمال&Heart of Darkness : 

Parallelism between:موسم الهجرة الى الشمال&Heart of Darkness Presented by: Mushira Sabry & Dana Akasha

Contents of Presentation: : 

Contents of Presentation: About Tayeb Salih Brief History and Important dates About Season of Migration to the North Plot of Seasons of Migration to the North Key Events Key Themes Joseph Conrad Character Parallelism Gender Roles

About Tayeb Salih : 

About Tayeb Salih Born in 1929 in Northern Sudan Studied in Khartoum University and continued his studies the United Kingdom Spent most of his life outside Sudan; a self imposed exile Worked in the BBC as Head of Drama in the Arabic broadcasting service Director General of Information in Qatar Worked in UNESCO in Paris and as UNESCO’s representative in Qatar Lives geographically, culturally &intellectually in between East & West Other achievements: The Wedding of Zein, a novella that was produced into a film by Kuwaiti film director Khaled Siddiq and won an award in the Cannes Film Festival

Brief History & Important Dates : 

Brief History & Important Dates 1821 Sudan is under British authority 1824- Ahmed Mohammed; claims “Al Mahdi” 1884- “Al Mahdi” dies, Khalifa Abdulla takes over Anglo –Egyptian army led by General Herbert Kitchner 1924- Egyptian Nationalism encourages a pull out of Sudan 1936- re-agreement with Egypt and Britain. 1945-Union with Egypt. National Unionist Party 1956-Sudanese independence from all authority 1961- 1972Civil war in Southern Sudan 1972-oil discovered 1983- Shari’a law enforced; inequality to Christians Civil War II

Slide 5: 

1995,2001-UN sanctions; supporting al Qaeda and assassination attempt on Mubarak 2001 Famine and Nile floods 2003-attempts to end Civil War and treat Christians fairly 26th February 2003- Darfur Conflict begins; tribal warfare.

About Season of Migration to the North : 

About Season of Migration to the North Published 1966 in Beirut Salih acclaimed : “New genius of the Arabic Novel” 2001, declared “the most important Arabic Novel of 20th Century” by the Syrian based Arab Literary Academy in Damascus Translated into English and French Important Postcolonial text

Plot of Season of Migration to the North : 

Plot of Season of Migration to the North Style: Orature Arabic; uses Western model of novel Unnamed Narrator returns from England after obtaining a PhD in Literature Describes his encounter with a new man in his village called Mustafa Sa’eed Novel revolves around Sa’eed’s movement from Sudan to Cairo and eventually to England and back to Sudan Sa’eed tries to conceal his past and identity from the narrator; but on a drunken night he recites poetry in perfect English He explains to the narrator his past, which involves the death of 5 women in England Sa’eed mysteriously disappears and narrator has to deal with the repercussions

Key Events : 

Key Events Mustafa Sa’eed’s confessions; distribution through the novel. -Repetition of trial, -Othello/Orientalist seduction. -Women who committed suicide. - Jean Morris Meeting the village elders: Hajj Ahmad (narrator’s grandfather), Wad Rayyes, Bint Majzoub, Bakri. The discuss: female Circumcision, drink and sex Hosna (Sa’eed’s widow) forced to marry the senile Wad Rayyes; kills herself and castrates him and kills him Finding Sa’eed’s Library inside his home in Sudan; Irony. Floating in limbo on the Nile. Deciding whether to live or die.

Key Themes : 

Key Themes Orientalism: -Exploitation of the Othello stereotype by Sa’eed to destroy colonialism “ ‘What race are you?’ she asked me. ‘Are you African or Asian?’ ‘I’m like Othello – Arab African’ ” Stereotype used against him in court to prove him innocent “Mustafa Sa’eed, gentlemen of the jury, is a noble person whose mind was able to absorb Western civilization but it broke his heart. These girls were not killed by Mustafa Sa’eed but by the germ of a deadly disease that assailed them a thousand years ago”

Slide 10: 

Gender Roles: Women considered to be possessions at the disposal of their male relatives; Hosna Sex under the pretense of marriage; Wad Rayyes Bint Majzoub: challenges the stereotype? Hosna; choosing to not live & castrating Wad Rayyes Sa’eed and Unnamed Narrator “new men”: -Sa’eed makes Hosna in charge of his possessions and children in his will; independence - Narrator; a “one man woman”, decides not to take a second wife: Hosna, even though he loves her

Joseph Conrad : 

Joseph Conrad Born Jozef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski, was a Polish- born English novelist. Conrad is usually recognized as a master prose stylist. Even though Conrad included many Victorian aspects in his novels, such as the idea of the hero; Conrad was considered as a modernist. Before writing the novella Heart of Darkness Conrad traveled with a British ship to Congo, which is considered to be the main event in his life that influenced him to write such a novel. Other works:- The Nigger of the ‘Narcissus’ Under Western Eyes, 1911 The Arrow of Gold, 1919 The Nature of a Crime, 1923

Character Parallelism : 

Character Parallelism Marlow: An introspective sailor who anticipates the figures of high modernism, while also reflecting his Victorian predecessors The world has defeated him while he was on a journey of missionary in Africa, and so he has become weary, skeptical and cynical about imperialism. Marlow’s voyage starts off as a journey of missionary; but later ends with a quest for Kurtz a man often spoken of & the search of his own identity. Marlow, saw the image of Kurtz in himself, and wanted to see this “God- Like” creature who is reputed to be an idealistic man of great abilities.

Character Parallelism II : 

Character Parallelism II After the Unammed narrator’s return his stability is shaken. Sa’eed’s confessions destabilizes him Unammed narrator becomes cynical, skeptical of everything he considered stable-grandfather, palm tree symbolism Tries to understand Sa’eed but fails; leads him to river Searching for his own identity

Gender Roles : 

Gender Roles Kurt’s African mistress: considered to be very European. With Kurtz she’s not considered a native The mistress seems to undue influence over Kurtz Kurtz’s intended: naïve long suffering fiancée. Has absolute belief that Kurtz loves her and will marry her Kurtz’s Painting: In his Chambers there is a painting of a woman blindfolded & carrying a torch Background of the painting is dark The woman’s face is seen as “sinister”

The EndThank You for Listening : 

The EndThank You for Listening

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