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Mobility Impaired Students :Teaching In Quite Unsuitable Environments : 

Mobility Impaired Students :Teaching In Quite Unsuitable Environments Ralf Gertisser Michael Montenari Brian O'Driscoll Ian Stimpson School of Physical & Geographical Sciences Keele University Using GigaPan and Photosynth in Geology Teaching

Welcome to our lecture theatre : 

Welcome to our lecture theatre 2 "The best geologist is the person who has seen the most rocks" and the best way to see rocks is in the field. Teaching geology presents a set of unique issues with respect to mobility impaired students as the relevant rock exposures at typically at the top of mountains or at the far end of a rock beach With the WP agenda the university is accepting increased numbers of students with severe medical disabilities. Also a general increase in cases of students with problems with asthma, weak back, hip, knee and ankle issues and obesity.

"Reasonable Adjustment" : 

"Reasonable Adjustment" The Special Educational Needs and Disabilities Act (2001) (SENDA) governs disability and fieldwork – required to make "reasonable adjustment" The expectation of the Higher Education Quality Assurance Agency (QAA) is that "Institutions should ensure that, wherever possible, disabled students have access to … fieldwork " (QAA, 1999, precept 11). The guidance notes state that institutions should consider ways of "re-locating field trips to alternative sites or providing alternative experiences where comparable opportunities are available which satisfy the learning outcomes" (QAA, 1999) Institutions should be anticipatory, not responsive. Whilst relocation to alternative sites may be a more easy solution in some of the GEES disciplines – not so easy in geology where we need to get to particular key exposures therefore should think about "alternative experiences".

Providing alternative experiences : 

Providing alternative experiences Modern geology field courses are integrated and holistic learning experiences where detailed observations are made by the students and woven into a complex narrative of Earth history and processes. The learning outcomes of field based modules reflect this. Often exposures key to that narrative are inaccessible to mobility impaired students. The challenge is to provide an alternative learning experience at these localities which satisfy the learning outcomes.

Alternative technologies : 

Alternative technologies Videoing an outcrop is a common suggestion made (for example Healey et al. 2002) but student is directed by director of video. Don't want a simple explanation/direction from the lecturer – there is no discovery The student needs to be able to explore the whole outcrop, move in, out and around at will, to construct and test hypotheses about the nature of the geology. Simple video-based learning, even incorporated into a 'virtual fieldcourse' does not satisfy the intended learning outcomes of modern geological fieldwork. It has been suggested that an interactive video link be set-up between a staff member or a postgraduate demonstrator and the mobility impaired student so that the student could instruct where to position a live video camera and what to film. This option is prohibitively expensive and getting a two-way live video feed from geological localities where there is often not even a usable mobile phone signal is technologically challenging.

The GigaPan System : 

The GigaPan System Robotic camera mount Specify top left / bottom right of area want to image Mount automatically takes the matrix of photographs Specialist stitching software combines images Upload result to gigapan site

GigaPan.org : 

GigaPan.org GigaPan home page with one of my images from Pembrokeshire Can purchase robotic mounts Download stitching software to combine images Upload results

Gigapan.org : 

Gigapan.org Website hosts viewer so can mimic student exploring outcrop To find geology related gigapans just search on the 'geology' keyword. Can view full screen, take snapshots, location is geotagged and can view in google earth Can embed in other websites

Gigapan Viewer : 

Gigapan Viewer Gigapan image in full screen. Controls allow zooming and panning within image. Click 'i' to open gigapan image in web browser

Google Earth Viewer : 

Google Earth Viewer Embedding within Google Earth allows the geographical context of the gigapans to be displayed. Note: Requires Google Earth to be installed Click 'i' to download .kml file and open with Google Earth

The MIS:TIQUE Crew : 

The MIS:TIQUE Crew Acquiring gigapan images in Pembrokeshire to support first year geology field course Aim is to include gigapan images in web based exercises to form "alternative learning experiences.

Case Study : Porth Clais : 

Case Study : Porth Clais Proof of concept example: Click on lower left camera icon – (open gigapan in web browser) Overview of outcrop – students might observe two rock types, one bedded (sedimentary?) the other not (igneous?) Igneous(?) body broadly concordant – sill or lava flow? How you student test this? Click upper left and right icons for gigapans of lower and upper contacts respectively. Can also add normal images and photomicrographs as additional information – click 'i' icons to see images from centre and margin of sill and host sediments – click the left arrows on these pages to return here.

Case Study : Broad Haven : 

Case Study : Broad Haven Second case study : require students to draw sketch structural section. Still requires similar approach – overview from distance then move in and around to look at detail then come back out again to revise overview.

Photosynth : 

Photosynth Photosynth works in slightly different way to gigapan Images taken from different viewpoints with different zoom levels. Photosynth then relates these images and provides viewer to move around images. Click 'i' icon to open photosynth image in web browser. Note: Requires Silverlight installed for web browser.

To Do : 

Develop more Field Exercises Package into Website Test on Students Geology faces particular challenges with mobility impaired students on field courses Gigapan and Photosynth have potential to provide alternative experiences that could meet intended learning outcomes To Do Conclusions

MobilityImpairedStudents:Teaching InQuiteUnsuitableEnvironments : 

MobilityImpairedStudents:Teaching InQuiteUnsuitableEnvironments Any Questions? If you have any questions, feedback or comments please go to my blog at http://hypocentral.com/blog/2010/01/22/gigapan

Sill Centre : Hand Specimen : 

Sill Centre : Hand Specimen 10mm

Sill Centre : PPL : 

Sill Centre : PPL 1mm

Sill Centre : XPL : 

Sill Centre : XPL 1mm Click icon to return to case history

Near Contact: Hand Specimen : 

Near Contact: Hand Specimen 10mm

Near Contact: PPL : 

Near Contact: PPL 1mm

Near Contact : XPL : 

Near Contact : XPL 1mm Click icon to return to case history

Sediments: Hand Specimen : 

Sediments: Hand Specimen 10mm

Sediments : PPL : 

Sediments : PPL 1mm

Sediments XPL : 

Sediments XPL 1mm Click icon to return to case history

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