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Slide 1: 

1 Warm "WELCOME " to everybody Engineering & Operation's

Slide 2: 

2 Dated March 28, year 2000 Sahara emerged as a serious Player in the world of electronic media and launched its first Free to Air Entertainment channel. This channel was played out and uplinked in Analog from Bukit Timah Earth Station in Singapore. This was our first foot forward in the domain of Electronic Media

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3 Keeping in line with our beloved Chairman’s ideology of “Nirantar Pragati”, plans were underway to emerge as the largest Media and Entertainment House in this part of the world.

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4 This was a purely entertainment channel but had segments of News and Current Affairs to an extent of two and a half hours on a daily basis with 3 bulletins of ½ hour each duration in two languages viz Hindi and English. This news was uplinked from Noida through a hired Roof-Top Transmission System from VSNL and after being downlinked at Singapore it was interspersed within the FPC of our Entertainment Channel.

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5 This was the only Channel which had News Current Affairs and Entertainment. All equipments during this period were hired barring the graphics.

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6 With this skeletal infrastructure we still were able to cover few major events live such as: Gujarat Earthquake Terrorist Attack on WTC Twin Towers Budget, and Elections.

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7 The dreams came true when lines were drawn and decisions made to launch a bouquet of credible News Channels and concurrently migrate to the world of Digital Entertainment. This all happened in the mid of year 2002

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8 Hon’ble Guardian blessed us with his approval and go ahead with the concept of establishing 36 city/state centric News Channels converging into 7 dedicated News Channels as under : Sahara Samay Rashtriya Sahara Samay Uttar Pradesh Sahara Samay Rajasthan Sahara Samay Madhya Pradesh Sahara Samay Bihar Sahara Samay Mumbai Sahara Samay NCR

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9 Concurrently we needed to repatriate our operations from Singapore to India keeping in line with the government policy. From May 2002 to August 2002, full planning was undertaken and a roadmap generated. All important cities were included, facilitated technically and networked through Satellite and Optical Fibre. Noida being the hub, all feeds needed to terminate at the Hub likewise states and cities connected to Sahara Samay Mumbai which covered Maharastra, Gujarat and Vidharba were terminated at Mumbai.

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10 Full Bandwidth connectivity was maintained via satellite and Lease line between Mumbai and Noida. Each bureau was configured as a standalone production capable bureau. Total number of bureaus were 47. Around June / July 2002 after multiple sessions with the suppliers and users orders were placed for producing and uplinking 8 channels from Noida in digital. September 10, 2002 commencement of Civil and Electrical Works.

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11 The first launch from our soil was on December 10, 2002 when at 7 p.m. our Entertainment Channel–Sahara Manoranjan was beamed up from our own digital playout studio and 8 channel Digital EarthStation. 28 March 2003 saw the dawn of two Channels: Sahara Samay Rashtriya, Sahara Samay UttarPradesh were blessed by Hon’ble Saharasri ji at 7:30 p.m. October 16, 2003 at 8 a.m. Sahara Samay Madhya Pradesh was launched. January 26, 2004 at 7:30 p.m Sahara Samay Mumbai was Launched. IMPORTANT LANDMARKS

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12 A detailed strategy was developed which would enable us to bring information to our viewers – As it Happens …….. Where it Happens…….. How it Happens……..

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13 Mapping the country from East to West, North to South by launching 7 News Channels which will transmit news 24 hrs a day, 365 days a year: SAHARA SAMAY NATIONAL SAHARA SAMAY NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION SAHARA SAMAY MUMBAI SAHARA SAMAY UTTAR PARDESH SAHARA SAMAY BIHAR SAHARA SAMAY RAJASTHAN SAHARA SAMAY MADHYA PARDESH Action Plan

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NRCS 150 journalist Seats of ENPS 48 News Flash 30 Servers Entertainment Playout Noida Blue Print

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Mumbai Blue Print

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16 VSAT News Bureaus Across India 32 News Bureau all with Live- Up link Capability

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SAMAY NOIDA Allahabad Lucknow Kolkata Jodhpur Indore Bhopal Gwalior Dehradun Varanasi Gorakhpur Ahemdabad Patna Raipur Agra Kanpur Jaipur VSAT

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SAMAY NOIDA Mumbai(Andheri) Jabalpur Ranchi Muzafarpur Gaya Bhagalpur Jamshedpur Purnia Bareilly Meerut Pune Guwahati Srinagar Nagpur Jammu VSAT

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Kolkatta Noida Bangalore Lucknow Patna Andheri Hyderabad Bhopal Gwalior Indore Raipur Chandigarh Ahemdabad Dehradun Varanasi Allahabad Gorakhpur Agra Kanpur MPLS RELIANCE/ BHARTI Bareilly Meerut Pune Jodhpur MPLS CONNECTIVETY Existing MPLS To Be Installed Ranchi

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20 A key goal in a fast-paced newsroom is the ability to ingest many hours of video from multiple sources, including satellite, microwave and videotape, and then quickly refine the images into compelling news stories for delivery to viewers. The process is complex, not just because of the quickness with which it must be done, but because of the huge amount of content that must be managed through a workflow. Another important function is the ability for the right people to have access to the desired media, quickly and without delay. Editors must know when the material is available and be able to access it as soon as the ingest process starts. WORK FLOW

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21 Therefore, if one were to create a work flow, they might include: An open-standards-based, fully integrated production and post-production environment. The ability to encode and manage video in a variety of resolutions for desktop editing. Aggregation of multiple underlying data sources, devices and applications into a single, high-quality user experience. A library of near-line stock shots, accessible from the desktop. A single common interface.

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(PCR)Production Control Room Work Flow STORAGE ON AIR/UP Link Server Room *All Video and Storeis, Live events will be ON AIR from here

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(MCR) Master Control Room/Wheel Work Flow STORAGE Router UP LINK / ON AIR Video server Server Room *All commercial,Break and Promo’s will be ON AIR from here

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Sahara Samay Operational Flow Chart

Digital News Room : 

25 Digital News Room The Production And Transmission Of Television News is a complex and demanding task. The professionals involved have a tradition of making the best use of new technology both to get stories to air faster and to get better stories to air.

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26 Recent advances in Newsroom Techniques involve the complete integration into a seamless working system such as diverse equipments as video servers, non-linear editors, many different types of transmission devices and a whole host of vital and often complex pieces of Broadcast equipment. Digital News Room

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27 All this complexity must be under the control of a powerful, reliable and easy to use Automation System. The correct choice of this will bring immense benefits to the Newsroom Operation. However the greatest advance is when all the new developments can be integrated together giving journalists unprecedented freedom to tell their stories. Digital News Room

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28 Story writing, video editing, graphics preparation and programme structuring all proceed in parallel to come together in the studio gallery as the bulletin goes to Air. Different craft skills combine to support the journalists in their job to tell and explain the news. Different technologies are also combined to get the programme to air and recently these production technologies have taken large steps forward. Digital News Room

Digital News Room : 

29 With the growth in volume of gathered news material coming into a facility, broadcasters now require systems which provide an efficient means of logging, tracking, sharing, transmitting and archiving media. Digital News Room

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30 The best solution should bring together newsroom editorial processes and newsroom computer systems into the final transmitted output without users having to worry about the underlying technology. Given the variety of approaches, a standard solution is not always viable for news operations and the chosen automation provider should be relied upon by its ability to adapt to requirements. Digital News Room

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31 Automation systems offer the ability to manage more of the process freeing up valuable resources to front line roles. Whilst certain segments of a news programme lend them to full automation, other sections are better served by partial automation (manual assist) or fully manual operations. It is vital, therefore, for any news automation system to be able to switch seamlessly between any of these modes. Digital News Room

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32 Newsroom systems need no longer be restricted to text-based information, and the world of multi-media PCs brings the potential of graphics and sound to the journalist desktop. Searching and browsing can expand from stories and wires to include raw footage and packaged stories. Digital News Room

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33 Non-linear editing potentially frees on-line from the restrictions of tape allowing multiple versions to be produced almost as easily as producing a single tape version. Editors can simply change the length of a package to fit the time available and can build stories in modules before all the shots have even arrived. Digital News Room

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34 Video servers promise new transmission flexibility with the ability to add and drop stories at a moments notice and to do it with far less manual intervention than at present. Incoming lines can be recorded to disk and made available more quickly in more places than with multiple tape dubbing. Digital News Room

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35 News is journalistically-driven and process-based and offers a range of applications designed to deal with the various requirements demanded by broadcasters, be they regional with remote sites, national with regional output or multi-channel, national and international operations. Digital News Room

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36 As competition grows in the field of news output and programming, broadcasters are under increasing pressure to improve the efficiency of both the production and transmission aspects of their news operations and to increase the control that journalists have over the production technology. A News Control Application should combine the flexibility of manually taking news items to air, with the dynamic media management and retrieval resources offered by a ‘state of the art’ Automation System. Digital News Room

Digital News Room–News Rundown : 

37 Digital News Room–News Rundown Arranging clips, which are then grouped into stories, creates a News Rundown. The clips are cued and taken to air as and when required, with device, clip and channel information being constantly monitored on a Status Screen. The items in the News Rundown are assigned to a transmission channel, and can be cued, previewed, or taken to air in any order.

Digital News Room–News Rundown : 

38 The devices used to play the clips to air are chosen from the device pool, and depending on the location of the clips. These should be fast, reliable Video Disk Servers with a proven record in the demanding News environment. As a back up the Automation System should be capable of also cueing and running tape-based devices. Digital News Room–News Rundown

Digital News Room–News Rundown : 

39 The News Operator would be expected to work mainly with the Rundown and Control Screens. A Rundown Screen is used to build stories and eventually a News Rundown is produced. Any clips contained in the News Rundown are then assigned to devices, which have been configured to play out the media. Digital News Room–News Rundown

Digital News Room – On Air : 

40 Digital News Room – On Air The Control Screen is then used to take the clips to air, whilst the upcoming clips in the Rundown can be simultaneously viewed on the Status Screen.

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41 Workflow in the Sahara Digital Newsroom…

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42 11:00 The Sahara Automation timed recording system automatically records an Agency news or VSAT feed into both the browse and broadcast servers

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43 11:05 A journalist on news line browses the material as it comes in and selects a number of shots from which to produce a rough edit

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44 11:05 A second news line journalist selects a 15 second clip from the same material to use in the headline sequence

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45 11:06 The headline sequence clip is available for use in transmission

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46 11:10 The Leitch Newsflash craft editor, sitting at an edit seat, loads the rough edit and adds the transitions, voiceover and graphics

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47 11:15 The finished edit is saved back to the Automation system and re-acquired as a completed piece into the browse server

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48 11:17 The programme editor uses Hy-Brow to check the completed package prior to transmission

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49 11:20 The completed package is transmitted to air from the broadcast server using the transmission automation system

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11:00 The automation timed recording system automatically records an Agency news / VSAT feed into both the browse and broadcast servers 11:05 A journalist browses the material as it comes in and selects a number of shots from which to produce a rough edit 11:05 A second journalist selects a 15 second clip from the same material to use in the headline sequence 11:06 The headline sequence clip is available for use in transmission 11:10 The Newsflash craft editor, sitting at an edit seat, loads the rough edit and adds the transitions, voiceover and graphics 11:15 The finished edit is saved back to the Automation system and re-acquired as a completed piece into the browse server 11:17 The programme editor uses Hy-Brow to check the completed package prior to transmission 11:20 The completed package is transmitted to air from the broadcast server using the transmission automation system

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52 "THANK YOU" Engineering & Operation's

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