M.P.K

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Assignment on aviation : 

Assignment on aviation Submitted by Pradeep Kumar Batch : J3

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT : 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I take this opportunity to thank all my teachers and colleagues for helping me out to complete this presentation. I specially thank our Aviation faculty Mrs. Bhagya mam for giving all assistance in my work. I also thank all the faculty and my colleagues at Frankfinn for their help and support. Last but not the least I thank God Almighty for his love and care.

TASK 1 : 

TASK 1 Effects on the Aviation industry

Explain how the following key factors have effected the development of the aviation industry : 

Explain how the following key factors have effected the development of the aviation industry Low Cost Airline  Increasing Number Of Domestic Airlines In India  India’s Improving Economy

Low Cost airline : 

Low Cost airline A low-cost carrier or low-cost airline (also known as a no-frills, discount or budget carrier or airline) is an airline that generally has lower fares. To make up for revenue lost in decreased ticket sales, the airline may charge for extras like food, priority boarding, seat allocating, and baggage etc.

Slide 6: 

The term originated within the airline industry referring to airlines with a lower operating cost structure than their competitors. While the term is often applied to any carrier with low ticket prices and limited services, regardless of their operating models, low-cost carriers should not be confused with regional airlines that operate short flights without service, or with full-service airlines offering some reduced fares.

Examples of low cost airlines : 

Examples of low cost airlines Air-India Express Jet Lite Kingfisher Red Spice jet Go air Indigo Air Deccan

Features of Low-cost carrier : 

Features of Low-cost carrier Low-cost carrier business model practices include: a single passenger class a single type of aircraft (commonly the Airbus A320 or Boeing 737 families), reducing training and servicing costs a minimum set of optional equipment on the aircraft, further reducing costs of acquisition and maintenance, as well as keeping the weight of the aircraft lower and thus saving fuel: no AVOD etc.; often excluding conveniences such as ACARS and auto throttle no in-flight entertainment systems made available no seat recliners, seat pockets, window blinds or seat headrest covers

Slide 9: 

a simple fare scheme, such as charging one-way tickets half that of round-trips (typically fares increase as the plane fills up, which rewards early reservations) flying to cheaper, less congested secondary airports and flying early in the morning or late in the evening to avoid air traffic delays and take advantage of lower landing fees fast turnaround times (allowing maximum use of aircraft) unreserved seating (encouraging passengers to board early and quickly, thus further decreasing turnaround times) simplified routes, emphasizing point-to-point transit instead of transfers at hubs (again enhancing aircraft use and eliminating disruption due to delayed passengers or luggage missing connecting flights)

Why Domestic Airlines Are Increasing In India? : 

Why Domestic Airlines Are Increasing In India? The Indian economy is growing very rapidly and more business opportunities are rising and for the demand for air travel is increasing. The Indian Aviation industry has a lot of domestic airlines. This is because the large no. Of these airlines provides easy travel choices and opportunities to the people for fulfill the demand for the increasing air travel. This has also caused the fares to decrease as there is a lot of competition and due to the high demand this industry is considered attractive one and more and more new airlines are getting started. These airlines in India are successful also because they travel to many international destinations.

Slide 11: 

Open Sky Policy Of Government,1990 Time saving mode of Travel Availability of Labor Increase in Demand of new Aircraft Rise in the Service Industry

Open Sky Policy : 

Open Sky Policy Need for Open Skies Policy A recurring demand often voiced by interested parties is that, in order to promote Travel & Tourism, India should adopt an Open Skies policy. It is argued that the current policy restricts the access of foreign airlines. As a result potential tourists are not offered a choice of airlines or seats when travelling to India. This problem is exacerbated during the holiday season when it is difficult, if not impossible, to get a seat either into the country or out of it. It is argued, therefore, that India should adopt an Open Skies approach to any foreign carrier wanting to fly into India, which literally means allowing them unlimited service, capacity and points of call.

Open Sky Policy,1990 : 

Open Sky Policy,1990 In April 1990, the Government adopted open-sky policy and allowed air taxi- operators to operate flights from any airport, both on a charter and a non charter basis and to decide their own flight schedules, cargo and passenger fares. In 1994, the Indian Government, as part of its open sky policy, ended the monopoly of IA and AI in the air transport services by repealing the Air Corporations Act of 1953 and replacing it with the Air Corporations (Transfer of Undertaking and Repeal) Act, 1994. Private operators were allowed to provide air transport services. Foreign direct investment (FDI) of up to 49 percent equity stake and NRI (Non Resident Indian) investment of up to 100 percent equity stake were permitted through the automatic FDI route in the domestic air transport services sector. However, no foreign airline could directly or indirectly hold equity in a domestic airline company.

Meaning of ‘Open Skies’ : 

Meaning of ‘Open Skies’ At the outset we must point out that the concept of 'Open Skies' is much misunderstood in its meaning and implications. Strictly speaking Open Skies means unrestricted access by any carrier into the sovereign territory of a country without any written agreement specifying capacity, ports of call or schedule of services. In other words an Open Skies policy would allow the foreign airline of any country or ownership to land at any port on any number of occasions and with unlimited seat capacity. There would be no restriction on the type of aircraft used, no demand for certification, no regularity of service and no need to specify at which airports they would land. Defined in this manner, it is not surprising that Open Skies policies are adopted only by a handful of countries, most commonly those that have no national carriers of their own and that have only one or two airports. No sovereign country of any eminence practices Open Skies least of all the European Union, UK, USA, Japan, Australia or countries in South East Asia.

India’s Improving Economy in Aviation Sector : 

India’s Improving Economy in Aviation Sector The aviation industry has benefited due to the following reasons: Foreign money coming into India1. People have more money in hand thus more people travel by air. High Tax Paid2. More goods are also transported by air. 3. Development in economy means more construction of runways, airports, etc. thus more planes can fly.

Job Opportunities4. Due to the improving industries, more and more foreign companies have invested. The owners of these companies, the employees, etc also travel by air. 5. The MNCs have also started a few new airlines. 6. Due to cut throat competition, the fares have really gone down. 7. Better quality of fuel is available for the planes as now India can afford more expensive oil. : 

Job Opportunities4. Due to the improving industries, more and more foreign companies have invested. The owners of these companies, the employees, etc also travel by air. 5. The MNCs have also started a few new airlines. 6. Due to cut throat competition, the fares have really gone down. 7. Better quality of fuel is available for the planes as now India can afford more expensive oil.

Adverse Affects: 1. The demand for air staff and pilots has suddenly gone up; as a result, the airlines are compromising with the staff. 2. The infrastructure is not as developed as the aviation industry. There is shortage of good airports, runways, etc. This leads to inconvenience. 3. The introduction of untrained or poorly educated staff has caused a problem. The services have gone down in a few airlines.Increase in TourismConnectivity to the Small Towns : 

Adverse Affects: 1. The demand for air staff and pilots has suddenly gone up; as a result, the airlines are compromising with the staff. 2. The infrastructure is not as developed as the aviation industry. There is shortage of good airports, runways, etc. This leads to inconvenience. 3. The introduction of untrained or poorly educated staff has caused a problem. The services have gone down in a few airlines.Increase in TourismConnectivity to the Small Towns

TASK 2 : 

TASK 2 Who is a cabin crew ?

Who is a cabin crew? : 

Who is a cabin crew? An employee of an airline who is primarily responsible for the safety & comfort of passengers during their flight is called as a Cabin Crew Or a Flight Attendant (Air Hostess/ Flight purser )

Eligibility for the Cabin Crew : 

Eligibility for the Cabin Crew Eligibility – suitability – Specific requirements. Eligibility Efficient Educational qualification: HSC passed and above Minimum Age:17 years Maximum Age:24 years Height: Girls-157 cm Boys-170 cm Weight Pleasing Personality Good Communication Skills Swimming

Suitability : 

Suitability Technical knowledge Maturity Adaptability Judgment Tact Diplomacy Grooming Attitude

Specific Requirements : 

Specific Requirements Airlines customize their ‘person specifications’ according to their own needs and standards. A good customer service background Nursing experience Educational qualifications may be more relevant.

Attributes of a cabin crew : 

Attributes of a cabin crew Polite/ Respectful A polite man knows to respect others. Always remember “Give respect and take respect” Punctual This attribute helps a man to do the work on time. The cabin crew should be in the airport at the right time always remember “Time is Precious” Patient/Calm A patient man can handle situations in a calm manner. Always remember “A cool mind can overcome a storm” Good communication skill/ G.K. We should have the knowledge about all the things in the world. A cabin crew should be updated with the current affairs. Communication skill helps to interact with people in a better way.

Attributes : 

Attributes Helpful/Friendly People always like to approach a friendly person. This attribute helps cabin crew to help passengers in a better way. Responsible/Mature Matured persons think before they act. The cabin crew should remember that they are responsible for the Safety and Security of the passengers. Empathetic Empathy is not a skill to be used once in a while, it must be an everyday habit helping one to understand others and be understood by then. The cabin crew should remember “Empathy creates understanding”.

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Team player/ Team Sprit Every team member should synchronize with the group and work with team spirit to achieve success. Hard Working Hard workers are welcomed all over the world. Cabin crew should keep in mind that they are representing their airline Smile The world is full of non- smilers. Thus, who smile become very special as it attracts people. Positive Attitude A person with positive attitude has an alert mind, and is confident. To show positive attitude the cabin crew should have a smile on their face anytime. Alert/ Good Presence of mind A good presence of mind helps us to handle an emergency situation. a alert cabin crew can handle medical emergencies, fires on board, sudden decompression etc. Love to travel It is exciting to see and learn about other countries and cultures. Cabin crew go to places they dreamed of and love their travel. Adventurous A Adventurous person loves to take risks. A Cabin crew should be ready to meet risks

Five qualities which I have that makes me an efficient airline employee : 

Five qualities which I have that makes me an efficient airline employee Punctual Helpful/ Friendly Responsible/ Mature Smile Love to travel

Bibliography : 

Bibliography www. Google.com www. Wikepedia.com www. Yahoo.com Other search engines Frankfinn institute of air hostess Aviation modules

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