sport injuries and first aid

Category: Education

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Sporting Injuries : 

Sporting Injuries

Eduardo Da Silva for Arsenal (vs Birmingham), 2nd February 2008 : 

Eduardo Da Silva for Arsenal (vs Birmingham), 2nd February 2008

Eduardo Da Silva for Arsenal (vs Birmingham), 2nd February 2008 : 

Eduardo Da Silva for Arsenal (vs Birmingham), 2nd February 2008 The injury suffered by Eduardo Da Silva in the early stages of the game against Birmingham was one of those that makes almost everyone cringe in horror. Bad tackle by Taylor resulted in Eduardo breaking his ankle and tibia.

Brain O’Driscoll : 

Brain O’Driscoll

Types of Injuries Acute vs. Chronic : 

Both types usually involve muscle & bone Acute Result from a collision or sudden twist Examples = Sprains/Strains, Contusions, Fractures Chronic / Overuse Repetitive, small injuries due to repeat motions Increased today as children strive for excellence at younger ages Examples = Pitching a baseball, Running cross country Types of Injuries Acute vs. Chronic

Sprain or a Strain???!!! : 

Sprain or a Strain???!!! Sprain - overstretching one or more ligaments through twisting or wrenching Strain - a tendon or muscle is overstretched

Knee Injuries : 

Knee Injuries

Knee Injuries : 

Knee Injuries The most common knee injuries are: a sprain or a strain torn ligaments a torn meniscus bleeding in your knee joint - this is usually caused by a torn ligament The symptoms for most ligament injuries will be similar, no matter which one has been damaged. These include: pain swelling instability

First Aid: DRABC Initial Assessment : 

First Aid: DRABC Initial Assessment If you happen to come across a casualty, you will need to assess the situation before anything else; Danger- ensure that you or the casualty aren't in any danger. Response- Check the casuality to see if they are conscious. Airway- open the airway by putting one hand on the casualty's forehead whilst gently tilting their head back. Breathing- Look, feel and listen and for a maximum of 10 seconds to see if the casualty is breathing Circulation- is there a pulse? Is the heart beating? Is the pulse weak / strong / racing

RICE – Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation : 

RICE – Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation RICE is the principle you should follow for the initial treatment of any sprains and strains. If you pull a muscle or sprain a joint, you’ll get yourself off to the best possible start in terms of recovery by following RICE.


RICE Rest - The injured area should be in complete rest for 24-48 hours following the injury Ice - Ice should be applied immediately, bringing the ice to the injured limb (not limb to ice) and keeping a thin towel or a plastic bag between the ice and the skin to avoid burns. Compression - A bandage or taping/strapping should be applied as soon after the injury as possible – either with or after the first application of ice. Compression will physically restrict movement in the injured area and constrict it, bringing down swelling. Elevation - By elevating the injury site above the heart level gravity comes in to assist in reducing blood flow to the injured area and helps reduce swelling.

Dangerous conditions…. : 

Dangerous conditions…. Concussion- Concussion is an injury to the brain that usually occurs following a blow or jolt to the head. In most instances, the person doesn't lose consciousness. What are the symptoms? The symptoms of concussion may include: Headaches, which may be severe and persistent Dizziness Nausea Vision disturbance Poor balance What's the treatment? The treatment for concussion is rest. Painkillers are often used to relieve headaches. Admission to hospital for observation is sometimes necessary.

Dangerous conditions…. : 

Dangerous conditions…. Shock- If the circulatory system fails, and insufficient oxygen reaches the tissues, the medical condition known as shock occurs. Shock is made worse by fear and pain. Recognition of Shock Initially, a flow of adrenaline causes: A rapid pulse. Pale, grey skin, especially inside the lips. If pressure is applied to a fingernail or earlobe, it will not regain its colour immediately. Sweating, and cold, clammy skin (sweat does not evaporate). Treatment of Shock  DO NOT let the casualty move unnecessarily, eat, drink, or smoke.  DO NOT leave the casualty unattended. Reassure the casualty constantly. Treat any cause of shock which can be remedied Lay the casualty down, keeping the head low. Raise and support the casualty’s legs Loosen tight clothing, braces, straps or belts, in order to reduce constriction.

Potential risks for participant : 

Potential risks for participant Brainstorm potential risks, here are a few; Over training Lack of warm up Attitude/behaviour Technique/skill Any more?

Injury Prevention : 

Injury Prevention Balance the competition Learn proper technique Enforce the rules Full pitch inspection Warm up properly Any more you can think of?.....

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