POWER & POLITICS : POWER & POLITICS WHAT IS POWER : WHAT IS POWER A capacity that A has to influence the behavior of B, so that B acts in accordance with A’s wishes.
Power : A function of Dependency:
B’s relationship to A when A possesses something that B requires. Individual Power : Individual Power BASES OF POWER : BASES OF POWER 1)Formal Power:
Based on individual’s position in an organization.
Legitimate Power 2)Personal Power : 2)Personal Power Expert Power
Influence based on special skills & knowledge.
Influence based on possession by an individual of desirable resources or personal traits. Dependency: The Key to Power : Dependency: The Key to Power What creates dependency?
dependency is increased when the resources you control are:
Nonsubstitutablility Power Tactics : Power Tactics Ways in which individuals translate power bases into specific actions.
Coailitions Preferred Power Tactics by Influence Direction : Preferred Power Tactics by Influence Direction Upward Influence Downward Lateral Influence
Rational Persuasion Rational Persuasion Rational Persuasion
Inspirational Appeals Consultation
Exchange Personnel Appeals
Legitimacy Sexual Harassment: Unequal Power in Workplace : Sexual Harassment: Unequal Power in Workplace An unwanted activity of sexual nature that affects an individual’s employment and creates a hostile work environment. Politics/Political Behavior : Politics/Political Behavior Organizational politics is all about--actions not officially approved by an organization that are taken to influence others to meet one's personal goals.
Organizational politics does involve planning one's self-interest above the interests of the organization. Types: Of Political Behavior : Types: Of Political Behavior Legitimate Political Behavior
Normal everyday politics.
Illegitimate Political Behavior
Extreme political behavior that violates the implied rules of the game. Factors Influencing Political Behavior : Factors Influencing Political Behavior Individual factors
Internal locus of control
High Mach personality
Perceived job alternatives
Expectations of success Organizational Factors
Reallocation of Resources
Zero sum reward Practice
Democratic decision making
High performance pressure
Self serving senior managers Political behaviour Low High Rewards
Averted Punishments Favourable outcomes Employee Responses to Organizational Politics : Employee Responses to Organizational Politics Organizational
Employees. Decreased Job Satisfaction Increased Anxiety and Stress Increased Turnover Reduced Performance Impression Management : Impression Management The process by which individuals attempt to control the impression others form of them.
Association Ethics of Behaving Politically : Ethics of Behaving Politically What is the utility of engaging in politicking?
How does the utility of engaging in political behavior
Balance out any harm it will do to others?
Does the political activity confirm to standards of equity and justice? Global Implications : Global Implications Politics Perceptions
When people see their work environment as political, negative consequences in their overall work attitude result.
Preference for Power Tactics
People in different countries tend to prefer different power tactics.
Effectiveness of Power Tactics