Musical Intelligence

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The Effects of Music on the Brain : 

The Effects of Music on the Brain By Nicole Stokes

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Parts of the Brain That Involve Music “Building blocks” of music: melody, rhythm, harmony, and timbre All building blocks are processed in different parts of the brain Both hemispheres of the brain are used in music Music involves all of the major components of the brain

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Effects of Music Training on Child’s Brain Results in long-term improvement of: * visual-spatial performance * verbal performance * mathematical performance

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Music and Math Music training at a young age = improved math skills Listening to music enhances spatial-temporal reasoning ST reasoning is important for math (geometry, calculus)

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Effect of Early Musical Training on Adults Musical training results in plasticity in musicians brains (Plasticity: the ability of the brain to change with learning) Early training vs. late training The earlier someone begins musical training the greater the results will be

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Memory Improvement Music activates the left and right brain Activities such as playing an instrument and singing enable the processing of information Listening to music helps to recall information Non-vocal music is best for memory

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How Music Relates to Literacy Skills Listening to music increases the ability to read Music increases the ability to sound out words

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Music and Disorders Music helps the following disorders and illnesses: ( music therapy is used as a calming agent for the mind and body) Sleep disorders Psychiatric disorders Cancer Autism

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Studies UC Irvine’s Center for Neurobiology of Learning and Memory study: IQ scores were higher after listening to Mozart Journal of Research in Reading reported study: After six months of musical training children’s reading skills were enhanced

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Studies Continued The Mozart Effect: Listening to Mozart can improve mental tasks (memory) Found that it only lasts short term

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Sources Gillman, Steve. Music and the Brain Retrieved October 25, 2009, from http://www.learninginfo.org/music-brain.htm Schlaug G., Norton A., Overy R., Winner E. Effects of Music Training in the Child’s Brain and Cognitive Development Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences (December 2005) v.1060 p.219-30 The Brain and Music Nature, New York Times (1998) Retrieved October 22,2009 from www.childrensmusicworkshop.com/advocacy/youngmind.html Watanabe D., Savion-Lemieux T., Penhune VB. The Effect of Early Musical Training on Adult Motor Performance Experimental Brain Research, (January 2007) v.176 (2) p.332-40 Weinberger, Norman. Music Ability is Related to Literacy Skills Regents of the University of California. 1999 Zhan, Cindy. The Correlation Between Music and Math: A Neurobiology Perspective. Retrieved October 23, 2009, from http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/exchange/node/1869

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