4b-Xcalia_.Net

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Xcalia Intermediation : 

Xcalia Intermediation 13 décembre 2007 Eric SAMSON, CTO - XCALIA Stève SFARTZ, MICROSOFT France Service Data Objects (SDO) and Data Access Service (DAS)

Xcalia SDO support : 

Xcalia SDO support Support for SDO 1 since XIC 4.0 (June 2005) Support for SDO 2 since XIC 5.0 Java SDO2 client with dirty tracking Support for SDO2 APIs, metadata and XML data transfer SDO2  / JDO2 interoperability SDO2 used as an alternate format to attach/detach Efficient implementation not based on Eclipse EMF Additional APIs to create SDOs Additional APIs to associate static types with dynamic SDOs Support for .Net SDO 2 client Integration with LINQ Integration with ASP .Net data sources

Microsoft & Xcalia : 

Microsoft & Xcalia Selected by Microsoft EBT as part of their IDEES program Founding member of the Interop Vendor Alliance One of the 5 companies selected worldwide for the new MS Tool program Support for .Net 3.x, LINQ, ASP .Net Data Sources CardSpace… Visual Studio 2008 and .Net 3.5 PR http://www.microsoft.com/presspass/features/2007/nov07/11-19developerqa.mspx http://www.microsoft.com/casestudies/casestudy.aspx?casestudyid=4000000963

LinQ to JDOQL : 

LinQ to JDOQL Xcalia DAS server only understood JDOQL .NET developers want to benefit from upcoming LINQ capabilities Relies on Visual Studio 2008 Convert LinQ expressions to JDOQL queries Intense Lab-Lab relationships between Xcalia and MS 4

LINQ and XIC SDO DAS : 

LINQ and XIC SDO DAS Xcalia SDO DAS uses JDOQL in standard 5

Example with fetch groups : 

Example with fetch groups ILinqDataAccessService linqDas = LinqDataAccessService.Decorate (das);linqDas.FetchGroups.Add("full");linqDas.FetchGroups.Add("customer");var fetchResult = from c in linqDas.GetInstances<Customer>()                        where c.Lastname.StartsWith ("Killian")                   select c;foreach (Customer customer in fetchResult){    Address address = customer.Address;    resultView.Add("Result is " + customer.Firstname + " " + customer.Lastname + " " + address.Street );    ((IDataObject) customer).ChangeSummary.BeginLogging();    customer.Comment = customer.Comment + "-c#(linq)";    das.ApplyChanges(customer);} 6

LINQ To JDOQL : 

LINQ To JDOQL LINQ to JDOQL Conversion of LINQ query to JDOQL Key aspects: Visitor for the LinQ Expressions Structures. Translates LINQ queries to JDOQL using visitors. Send JDOQL query to a DAS implementation and return strongly typed results.

LINQ to JDOQL – Basic samples : 

LINQ to JDOQL – Basic samples var results = from u in users where u.Age >= 30 && u.Age < 40 select u; select this from User where (age >= 30 && age < 40) var results = from u in users where (((u.Age >= 30 && u.Age < 40) || (u.Id == 123 && u.FirstName == "test")) || u.Name == "ok") select u;  select this from User where (((age >= 30 && age < 40) || (id == 123 && firstName == "test")) || name == "ok") 8 A condition on the User’s age property… … translated into a Java property name (note the lower case ‘age’). A more complex condition… … translated in JDO QL.

LINQ to JDOQL – Java / .NET conversions : 

LINQ to JDOQL – Java / .NET conversions var results = from u in users where u.Name.Substring(3, 4) == param.Substring(2,4) select u;  select this from User where name.substring(3, 7) == "test" 9 The ‘substring’ method in .NET is different from Java … … but translated to Java. Please note that an optimization has been performed on the condition’s right operand.

LINQ to JDOQL – Constant evaluation : 

LINQ to JDOQL – Constant evaluation var results = from u in users where Math.Abs(-10) == u.Age select u;  select this from User where 10 == age var results = from u in users where u.Name.ToUpper() == "abcdtest". Substring(Math.Abs(1 * "abcdef".IndexOf("e"))) .ToUpper() select u; select this from User where name.toUpperCase() == "TEST“ 10 ‘Math.Abs(-10)’ is constant expression… … that is directly evaluated for the LINQ to JDOQL translation. With a more complex expression… … the result can still be correcly optimized.

LINQ to JDOQL - Ordering : 

LINQ to JDOQL - Ordering var results = from u in users where u.Name == "test“ orderby u.Age ascending select u; select this from User where name == "test" order by age var results = from u in users where u.Name == "test“ orderby u.Age descending select u;  select this from User where name == "test" order by age descending 11 The ascending ordering… … is the default ordering in JDOQL. But the descending ordering… … has to be explicitely declared.

LINQ to JDOQL - Navigation : 

LINQ to JDOQL - Navigation var results = from u in users where u.Address.Street == u.Address.Street2 && (u.Id.IndexOf(u.Address.ZipCode) > 0) select u; select this from User where (address.street == address.street2 && (id.indexOf(address.zipCode) > 0) var results = from u in users from p in u.Policies where p.Name == "test“ select u; select this from User where policies.contains(gen_var1) && p.name == "test" variables Policy gen_var1 12 LINQ to JDOQL also supports navigation in the model… … that are translated in «. » notation. For queries against multivalued collections… … the translator generates variables in order to match the JDOQL language.

ASP.NET data source : 

ASP.NET data source Create a .Net Data Source from a XIC DAS request Provides easy integration of Xcalia DAS within ASP.NET Drag & Drop this XIC DAS Data Source onto the ASP Page Use regular Visual Studio widgets to design the page Connect the Visual Studio widgets (Grid View, Forms, etc.) to the XIC DAS Data Source Provides a fully introspectable model, based on SDO. Can manage connection and reconnection to a Data Access Service. This already works with Visual Studio 2005 Will be soon available in XIC 5.3 13

ASP.NET data source : 

ASP.NET data source 14 XIC Data Access Service data source Full integration in the ASP.NET editor

ASP.NET Datasource : 

ASP.NET Datasource 15 A configured data source is defined… And different standard ASP.NET controls are bound to this data source

ASP.NET data source : 

ASP.NET data source 16 At runtime, the data source can provide the data model and generate the appropriate columns. The data source supports basic CRUD operations. Data is shared accross the different components and update in one component is reflected on every component that shares the same data source

Fetch graphs : 

Fetch graphs Fetch graphs Somewhat equivalent to DataShapes in System.Data.Linq… …but not limited to relational databases Defines what parts of the model (which classes / attributes) should be loaded when a query is executed on the DAS Orcas related aspects: Use .NET expressions to express fetch plans Use LINQ expressions on data structures Fetch graphs are optional in a connected model but required in a disconnected model (SOA), because lazy loading over SOAP is not suitable

Fetch graphs – Sample : 

Fetch graphs – Sample Simple model with two main particularities: IPerson interface contains a one to many relationship to IPerson (« Friends ») Address introduces a cycle with relationship to IPerson (« President »). IPerson will be used for the next examples 18

Fetch graphs : 

Fetch graphs Express fetch graphs using expressions Defines what parts of the model should be included with condition .NET expressions. A condition is a Func<> typed as: Condition examples fgf => ! fgf.Value.PropertyType.Namespace.StartsWith("System") fgf => fgf.Value.PropertyType != typeof(string) fgf => typeof(IEnumerable).IsAssignableFrom(fgf.Value.PropertyType) 19 Func<TCandidate, bool> (Where TCandidate can be a System.Type, System.Reflection.PropertyInfo…)

Fetch graphs – Condition : 

Fetch graphs – Condition fgf => fgf.Value.PropertyType != typeof(string) 20 [FetchPlansTests.Model.IPerson] [Age] (System.Int32) [HomeAddress] (FetchPlansTests.Model.IAddress) [WorkAddress] (FetchPlansTests.Model.IAddress) [Friends] (System.Collections.Generic.IList`1[FetchPlansTests.Model.IPerson]) [FetchPlansTests.Model.IPerson] [Name] (System.String) [FirstName] (System.String) [Age] (System.Int32) [HomeAddress] (FetchPlansTests.Model.IAddress) [WorkAddress] (FetchPlansTests.Model.IAddress) [Friends] (System.Collections.Generic.IList`1[FetchPlansTests.Model.IPerson]) Example of fetch group creation for the IPerson type fgf => true (No Condition)

Fetch graphs – Multiple Conditions : 

Fetch graphs – Multiple Conditions Fetch groups can « combine » conditions. A fetch group can be created with more than one condition. The result of C1 + C2 on IPerson is: 21 C1: fgf => fgf.Value.PropertyType != typeof(string) C2 : fgf => typeof(IEnumerable).IsAssignableFrom(fgf.Value.PropertyType) [FetchPlansTests.Model.IPerson] [Age] (System.Int32) [HomeAddress] (FetchPlansTests.Model.IAddress) [WorkAddress] (FetchPlansTests.Model.IAddress)

Use Cases : 

Use Cases Use Cases Defines « scopes » in code where a particular context is active. Developers enter and leave programmatically use cases in code. Allows flexibility for developer: developer can define additional data (even data not included in the product). Orcas related aspects: Extensive use of LINQ query on data structures.

Use Cases – Example (1/2) : 

Use Cases – Example (1/2) Enter use case / Leave use case

Use Cases – Example (1/2) : 

US0 + US1 US0 Use Cases – Example (1/2) Support for overrides (use case that defines twice the same value)

Use Cases – Example (2/2) : 

Use Cases – Example (2/2) This method call gets the active configuration (eventually with merges if multiple data instances were found)

Use Cases – Scenarios (1/2) : 

Use Cases – Scenarios (1/2) Data Access Service configuration Eases configuration Performs common administrative tasks to initialize and configure a Data Access Service. 26

Use Cases – Scenarios (2/2) : 

Use Cases – Scenarios (2/2) LINQ DAS Can also predefined LINQ queries Automatically register SDO static types 27

Xcalia DAS : 

Xcalia DAS

Architecture : 

Architecture Local mode 29 Java Application Xcalia DAS Datastore Service oriented mode Java or .Net Application Xcalia DAS Datastore Same JVM Web Services

Xcalia DAS Main APIs : 

Xcalia DAS Main APIs DataAccessServiceFactory Bootstrap object Creates « manager » and « das » instances DataAccessServiceManager Provides management tasks for a DAS DataAccessService Retrieve SDO data graphs from the data sources Apply changed SDO to the data sources 30

DataAccessServiceFactory : 

DataAccessServiceFactory public interface DataAccessServiceFactory { DataAccessServiceManager getManager(Map<String, Object> options); DataAccessService getDataAccessService(Map<String, Object> options); } 31

DataAccessServiceManager : 

DataAccessServiceManager public interface DataAccessServiceManager { void start(); void setupDataSource(); void stop(); void close(); } 32

DataAccessService : 

DataAccessService public interface DataAccessService { Object fetch(String queryText, String fetchGroups); Object fetch(String queryText, String fetchGroups, Map<String, Object> options); void applyChanges(Object dataObject); void applyChanges(Object dataObject, Map<String, Object> options); ... } 33

Sample : 

Sample DataAccessServiceFactory factory = DataAccessServiceFactory.INSTANCE; DataAccessServiceManager dasManager = factory.getManager(options); dasManager.start(); DataAccessService das = factory.getDataAccessService(options); Collection<DataObject> fetchResult; fetchResult = (Collection<DataObject>) das.fetch("query", "default"); for (DataObject dataObject : fetchResult) { dataObject.setString("MyProperty", "new value"); das.applyChanges(dataObject); } ... 34

Fetch examples : 

Fetch examples Any JDO2 QL query, with navigation, contains, aggregates, projections, in heritance, etc. Query  with parameters das.fetch("select this from bom.Customer where name==myName parameters String myName", "default", new Object[]{“Christophe”});  Named Query das.fetch("named into bom.Customer:queryName", "default", new Object[]{christophe}); Direct SQL das.fetch("sql:SELECT NAME, AGE, ADDRESS FROM QCUSTOMER ORDER BY AGE", null); In .Net JDOQL can be replaced by LINQ 35

Xcalia DAS support : 

Xcalia DAS support First support of DAS in XIC 5.1 (Q2 2007) XIC DAS interface returns SDO 2 data graphs Generic CRUD Web Service interface Optimized client-server implementation (metadata exchange) Both Java and .Net clients Based on the full featured XIC Mapping Caching Transaction Multiple data sources support Admin through JMX

Apache Tuscany : 

Apache Tuscany Tuscany is an open source DAS, SDO, SCA implementation Hosted by the well-respected Apache community Funded by IBM 37 Change Summary Data Graph DataObject JDBC XPath / XQuery Local XML / HTTP CCI / Proprietary Right vision  The DAS, an universal “Data as a Service” provider

Market requirements : 

Market requirements Java / .Net interoperability Scalability  caches, transactions Agility  client apps isolated from back ends 38 Change Summary Data Graph DataObject JDBC / XPathXQuery Local XML / HTTP CCI / Proprietary

What Tuscany has today… : 

What Tuscany has today… A limited DAS implementation. Rather a PoC. 39 Change Summary Data Graph DataObject JDBC - Just RDBMS  Straight SQL from SDO client to database - No mapping, no cache  Low value for developers, low scalability in production.

What XIC offers today : 

What XIC offers today A DAS implementation built on top of the mature Xcalia Intermediation technology 40 Change Summary Data Graph DataObject JDBC / Xpath XQuery Local XML / HTTP CCI / Mainframe Packaged applications … Proprietary Xcalia Intermediation Core Mapping with Logical Business Model Caching & Dynamic tuning Distributed transactions Extensibility kit The DAS vision implemented with respect of market requirements.

Slide 41: 

© 2007 Microsoft France

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