Metropolitan Museum of Art

Category: Education

Presentation Description

An evaluation of the online collection housed on the Met's website.


Presentation Transcript

Metropolitan Museum of Art Digital Library : 

Metropolitan Museum of Art Digital Library Evaluation of a Digital Library By Davina Little

Metropolitan Museum of Art (Met) : 

Metropolitan Museum of Art (Met)

Can’t go to New York? : 

Can’t go to New York?

That’s okay… : 

That’s okay…

Just go to their website!! : 

Just go to their website!!

Scope of the Met digital image collection : 

Scope of the Met digital image collection Online collection database currently holds almost 140,000 images of artworks Only images of the Met permanent collection are included Holdings represent a variety of images from all 17 curatorial departments Future goal is to have digital images available online of every artwork from the Met collection The Met has created this digital collection as a means to support their Mission Statement

Mission Statement : 

Mission Statement “The Mission of the Metropolitan Museum of Art is to collect, preserve, study, exhibit, and stimulate appreciation for and advance knowledge of works of art that collectively represent the broadest spectrum of human achievement at the highest level of quality, all in the service of the public and in accordance with the highest professional standards.” Metropolitan Museum of Art Mission Statement (2009)

Why was this digital collection created? : 

Why was this digital collection created? Met needed to keep up with the demand of growing technology and user needs for image access Desire to create a centrally manageable and long-lasting archive for the permanent artworks To provide users around the world access to images of the collection for educational and cultural purposes Met Images Project formed to meet these goals

Met Images Project : 

Met Images Project 3 Phases, including a preparatory phase Began in 2005, 3 year plan All phases needed to focus on the evaluation and implementation of existing and potential: Systems Metadata standards and collaboration needs Image production and distribution Copyright Online user needs and considerations

Systems : 

Systems The Museum System (TMS) is their Collection Management System, used for housing metadata Digital asset management system (DAMS) is a storage and access system for large amounts of digital assets (for this case, the assets are images)


DAMS The Met chose Interwoven MediaBin as their DAMS for the Project. MediaBin allows the Met to store all their images in one centralized location MediaBin is able to house and organize huge amounts of images

Why MediaBin? : 

Why MediaBin? Museum did not have capability to store or organize the images itself Good reputation Customizable Easy to use Only drawback: it did not have diverse enough metadata capability that the Project required

Metadata: Image information : 

Metadata: Image information All the curatorial departments used different metadata systems due to range of art mediums, styles, and formats Met staff needed to combine all metadata to the TMS; this required collaboration between curatorial, I.T., and image/image repository teams From TMS, images were given simple and precise metadata to then send to MediaBin

Metadata, cont. : 

Metadata, cont. After time, MediaBin has revised metadata structures to allow for a greater diversity of metadata Each image has three metadata structures: Image, Object, and Rights and Restrictions

Image Metadata : 

Image Metadata Image metadata for the Met Images describes the photograph itself. It notes details such as: Resolution and dimensions (pixels, etc.) Colorspace Image file type (tiff, jpeg, etc.) The photographer’s name Dates the photo was made, entered, and/or modified Also includes analog photo info, were the digital photo acquired from analog

Object metadata : 

Object metadata Object metadata describes the image within the photograph such as: The department that houses it Its “classification,” such as sculpture, painting, manuscript, etc. Title and object name Culture, geography, and period of the piece Medium, size Provenance

Rights and Restrictions metadata : 

Rights and Restrictions metadata Image Rights metadata describes copyright and restrictions of the image, such as: Copyright status (who “owns” the image) Any restrictions of use as far as the image and/or notes of the image Use rights and restrictions for scholars or 3rd parties

Why is metadata so important? : 

Why is metadata so important? The end focus for this project is to make images of the Met’s collection freely accessible online to the public In order to make the online collection usable, people need to be able to find the images, and read information about them Metadata organizes and makes accessible each image and its notes in the online collection by connecting each image to keywords, or descriptors, that users might use to retrieve images

Images : 

Images Acquired two ways: by scanning and digitizing analog photographs, slides, transparencies and negatives housed in the Image Library archives or by digitally photographing the collection itself Met’s Photo Studio group

Images, cont. : 

Images, cont. Images acquired through the Met Image Library are large, high resolution TIFF image files TIFF images are available by request for education and editorial purposes or through third party distributors for commercial use Images downloaded through the online collection are small, lower resolution jpeg images Jpeg images are instantly downloadable to the general public

Copyright : 

Copyright The Met has direct curatorial control over the distribution of images, since the images—and the collection they represent– are managed by Met Images found within the online collection that represent objects owned by the Met can be downloaded and used for non-commercial, personal, or educational use When used in educational publications, all images must be cited properly

Copyright, cont. : 

Copyright, cont. Some images may be of artworks that are still under copyright by the artist or the artist’s family Images that represent artworks that are still under artist or heir copyright may NOT be downloaded, regardless of intent, without direct permission from the copyright holder

Evaluation : 

Evaluation How is the digital collection organized? Is it easy to navigate? Does it serve the needs of ALL users (not just academic)?

Metropolitan Museum of Art Online Collection Database : 

Metropolitan Museum of Art Online Collection Database

Search by browsing curatorial departments : 

Search by browsing curatorial departments

Advanced Searching : 

Advanced Searching

Advanced Searching, cont. : 

Advanced Searching, cont.

Slide 30: 

Search results for “Fra Filippo Lippi”

Slide 31: 

Search results, cont.

Usability of online collection : 

Usability of online collection Keyword searches result in seemingly random results Advanced search more precise Users with little or no experience in Art History may be confused with keyword search results

Future… : 

Future… The process of adding to the online collection is ongoing Met Images also looking at utilizing social tagging to harvest vernacular language metadata for general users

The End : 

The End

Image Resources : 

Image Resources (Image 1, Slide 2) The Metropolitan Museum of Art, ca. 1905 Published by The Rotograph Company American Commercial photographic process; sheet: 3 7/16 x 5 3/8 in. (8.7 x 13.6 cm)The Jefferson R. Burdick Collection, Gift of Jefferson R. Burdick (Burdick 405, p.30v(2)) (Accessed 10/17/09) (Image 2, slide 10)"Spring" Lighting System, 1, 1966. Joe Colombo (Italian, 1930 - 1971)Paper: white wove, from sketch pad; 8-1/8 x 11-9/16 in. (20.6 x 29.4 cm)Gift of Ignazia Favata, Studio of Joe Colombo, 1987 (1987.1096.1) D=9&dd1=9 Retrieved 10/17/09) (Image 3, slide 12) MGM Storage Lot, 1939, printed ca. 1954 Edward Weston (American, 1886–1958) Gelatin silver print, David Hunter McAlpin Fund, 1957 (57.519.17) (Retrieved 10/17/09) (Image 4, Slide 12) The Compleat Gardeners Practice, Directing the Exact Way of Gardening in three Parts., 1664 Written by Stephen Blake (British, active 17th century); Published for Thomas Pierrepont; Dedicated to The Right Worshipful William Ouglander (British, act. 17th c.) Engraving, woodcut; Overall: 7 9/16 x 5 7/8 x 13/16 in. (19.2 x 15 x 2.1 cm) (Retrieved 10/17/09) (Image 5, Slide 14) Three Gentlemen 1843 - 1847 David Octavius Hill and Robert Adamson, Salted paper print from paper negative, 13.8 x 20 cm (5 7/16 x 7 7/8 in. ) Retrieved 10/17/09

Image Resources, cont. : 

Image Resources, cont. (Image 6, slide 19) Resort Photographer at work, Florida. Walker Evans (American, 1903–1975)1941, printed ca. 1970 Retrieved 10/24/09 (Slides 24-29) All following screen shots are collected from the Metropolitan Museum of Art Website, (Image 6, Slide 30) Portrait of a Woman with Man at Casement. Fra Filippo Lippi (Florentine, 1440) painting. Retrieved 10/24/09 (Image 7, Slide 31) Saint Zenobius Resuscitating a Dead Child. Benozzo Gozzoli, late 1400’s, Florentine. Painting. Retrieved 10/24/09. (Image 8, Slide 31) Saint Augustine and Francis, a Bishop saint, and Saint Benedict. Fra Filippo Lippi (Florence, late 1400’s), painting. Retrieved 10/24/09 (Image 9, Slide 31) The Visit. Pieter de Hooch. 1657, oil painting. Retrieved 10/24/09. (Image 10, Slide 34) Bhutan and Nepalese People at Darjeeling, Sunday Morning Market Scene, 1860s-1870s; Unknown Artist, Unknown School 1985. Retrieved 10/24/09

Resources : 

Resources Allen, N (2009). Approaches to Distribution of Fee-Free Images: Case Studies of Three Museums. Retrieved from the Connexions Web site: (10/1/09) Chun, Susan and Jenkins, Michael. (2006) RLG DigiNews, Why Digital Asset Management?, A Case Study. Vol. 10, No. 6. (Accessed 10/11/09) Interwoven, inc. website. (2009) Interwoven, inc. (2007) World Class Museums Choose Interwoven for Digital Asset Management and Preservation. (Accessed 10/10/09) Kwan, Billy C.H. (2007) Implementing a Digital Asset Management System at the Met, PowerPoint Presentation. (Accessed 10/10/09) Kwan, Billy C.H. (2008) The Image Library. PowerPoint Presentation. (Accessed 10/10/09) Library of Congress (2008).Copyright Basics. circular 1 rev: 07 ⁄ 2008. (Accessed 10/24/09) Metropolitan Museum of Art Website (September and October 2009) New Media Consortium, IMLS NLG Narrative (2008). Steve in Action: Social Tagging Tools and Methods Applied. (Accessed 10/12/09) Oberoi, S. (2008). Doing the DAM: Digital Asset Management at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science & Technology, 34(4), 17-22. (Accessed 10/1/09) White, L. (2008). Digital Desires: What Are Museums Up To?. Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science & Technology, 34(4), 12-16. (10/1/09) Xie, Hong. (2006). Evaluation of Digital Libraries. Library and Information Science Research 28. Pgs. 433-452.

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