A Language Presentation : Joyet 2004 1 A Language Presentation Sit back Relax Absorb You can take notes the second time around. Language Types : Joyet 2004 2 Language Types We’re going to look at two types of language: figurative language and literal language Figurative vs. Literal : Joyet 2004 3 Figurative vs. Literal To understand figurative language figurative one has to understand the difference between and literal More on Literal : Joyet 2004 4 More on Literal My meaning is exactly what I say. To be literal is to mean what you say. For example: If I tell you to sit down!
I mean it literally: “sit down,” as in: “sit in your seat now, please.” and more on Literal : Joyet 2004 5 and more on Literal I mean exactly what I say. Here’s another example. I’m tired and going home. This means “I’m tired and I’m going
home” there is no other meaning
other than what is said. 2nd Figurative : Joyet 2004 6 2nd Figurative I’m not suggesting we get into the freezer. To be figurative is to not mean what you say but imply something else. For example: If, I tell you: “let’s go chill!” Figurative continued : Joyet 2004 7 Figurative continued It has nothing
to do with temperature. “let’s go chill” … …means let’s relax together and do something fun. Figurative vs. Literal : Joyet 2004 8 Figurative vs. Literal Confused?
Think of it this way:
Literal as real
Figurative as imaginary Why Figurative Language? : Joyet 2004 9 Why Figurative Language? Also known as descriptive language, or poetic language, figurative language helps the writer paint a picture in the reader’s mind. Why Figurative Language? : Joyet 2004 10 Why Figurative Language? You know descriptive, that’s when you describe something. Why Figurative Language? : Joyet 2004 11 Why Figurative Language? Poetic language, that’s what poets do.
Figurative language helps paint a picture in the reader’s mind. Again: Figurative Language : Joyet 2004 12 Again: Figurative Language Figurative Language does not always mean what is being said or read, but serves to make it more interesting. Seven Techniques of Figurative Language : Joyet 2004 13 Seven Techniques of Figurative Language There are seven techniques that we’re going to look at, and yes, you’ll need to learn all seven. Seven Techniques of Figurative Language : Joyet 2004 14 Seven Techniques of Figurative Language You will need to:
use them in your writing Seven Techniques of Figurative Language : Joyet 2004 15 The seven techniques you need to know:
hyperbole Seven Techniques of Figurative Language Seven Techniques of Figurative Language : Joyet 2004 16 Let’s look at the techniques one at a time.
So here we go.
Hold onto your seats. Seven Techniques of Figurative Language Onomatopoeia : Joyet 2004 17 Onomatopoeia Examples of the onomatopoeia:
Bang, went the gun!
Swoosh went the basketball
through the hoop. Onomatopoeia : Joyet 2004 18 Onomatopoeia The formation or use of words such as buzz, murmur or boo that imitate the sounds associated with the objects or actions they refer to. Onomatopoeia in practice : Joyet 2004 19 Onomatopoeia in practice Onomatopoeia is the use of words whose sounds make you think of their meanings.
For example; buzz, thump, pop.
Many comic strips use onomatopoeia. Onomatopoeia : Joyet 2004 20 Onomatopoeia Alliteration : Joyet 2004 21 Alliteration A poetic device which repeats the same beginning sound for effect. Examples of Alliteration:
Sally Sells Seashells By The Sea Shore
Rolling, Racing, Roaring, Rapids Alliteration : Joyet 2004 22 Alliteration Alliteration is a sentence or phrase that begins with the same letter and sound. Tongue twisters are generally alliterations.
For example: busy batters bat baseballs by bases. Alliteration : Joyet 2004 23 Alliteration Alliteration is the repetition of the beginning sounds in two or more words. Remember alliteration as a tongue twister, such as:
"Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers." Simile : Joyet 2004 24 Simile Examples of similes:
She is like a rainy day.
He is as busy as a bee.
They are like two peas in a pod. A simile is a figurative language
technique where a comparison
is made using like or as. Simile : Joyet 2004 25 Simile A figure of speech in which two essentially unlike things are compared, often in a phrase introduced by like or as, as in: “How like the winter hath my absence been” or “So are you to my thoughts as food to life” (Shakespeare). Complete your custom simile : Joyet 2004 26 Complete your custom simile The cat was as scary as a ____.
The night is like a ____.
The moon is like a ____
The scarecrow was as scary a ____. Metaphor : Joyet 2004 27 Metaphor A poetic comparison that does not use the words like or as.
Examples of metaphors:
She is a graceful swan.
He is a golden god.
They are honey from the honeycomb. Metaphor : Joyet 2004 28 Metaphor A figure of speech in which a word or phrase that ordinarily designates one thing is used to designate another, thus making an implicit comparison, as in “a sea of troubles” or “All the world's a stage” (Shakespeare). Slide 29: Joyet 2004 29 Brian was a wall, bouncing every
tennis ball back over the net.
This metaphor compares Brian to a wall because __________.
a. He was very strong. b. He was very tall. c. He kept returning the balls. d. His body was made of cells. Slide 30: Joyet 2004 30 We would have had more pizza to eat if
Tammy hadn’t been such a hog.
Tammy was being compared to a hog because she __________.
a. looked like a hog b. ate like a hog c. smelled like a hog d. was as smart as a hog Slide 31: Joyet 2004 31 Cindy was such a mule. We couldn’t
get her to change her mind.
The metaphor compares Cindy to a mule because she was __________.
a. always eating oats b. able to do hard work c. raised on a farm d. very stubborn Slide 32: Joyet 2004 32 The poor rat didn’t have a chance. Our old cat, a bolt of lightning, caught his prey.
The cat was compared to a bolt of lightning because he was _______.
a. very fast b. very bright
c. not fond of fleas d. very old Slide 33: Joyet 2004 33 Even a child could carry my dog,
Dogface, around for hours. He’s
such a feather.
This metaphor implies that Dogface:
a. is not cute b. looks like a bird
c. is not heavy d. can fly Personification : Joyet 2004 34 Personification Personification is a figurative language technique in which human characteristics are given to nonhuman things. Personification : Joyet 2004 35 Personification The leaves danced in the wind Example of personification: The heat ripped the breath from her lungs. Personification : Joyet 2004 36 Personification A figure of speech in which inanimate objects or abstractions (things that are not human) are endowed with human qualities or are represented as possessing human form. Personification : Joyet 2004 37 Personification Examples of Personification:
Hunger sat shivering on the road
Flowers danced about the lawn. Personification : Joyet 2004 38 Personification Examples:
The sleeping water reflected the evening sky.
Humidity breathed in the girl's face and ran its greasy fingers through her hair.
The tree arrested the oncoming car. Idiom : Joyet 2004 39 Idiom An idiom is a figurative language technique that does not mean what is being said. Idiom : Joyet 2004 40 Idiom Remember what literal means? This is the opposite.
Think about it. When you tell your hommie “chill,” are you suggesting they walk into a freezer? No. Idiom : Joyet 2004 41 Idiom The expression “chill,” is an idiom that means: relax, take it easy or don’t worry. There are tons of idioms. I’m sure you use several all the time, without thinking about it. Idiom : Joyet 2004 42 Idiom An idiom is a speech form or an expression of a given language that is peculiar to itself grammatically or cannot be understood from the individual meanings of its elements. Idiom : Joyet 2004 43 Idiom Idioms are known as regional speech, dialect, slang, jargon, or legal idiom. Idiom : Joyet 2004 44 Idiom Dude!
I can’t understand the idiom all by itself. It takes reference.
Like I need to know how whacked you want to get before I can think of tangling with you. Idioms : Joyet 2004 45 Idioms More examples of idioms:
Mommy says: “Daddy is a little pigeon toad.”
We were chewing the fat.
It’s raining cats and dogs.
She’s as sharp as a tack.
I wish he would kick the bucket. Hyperbole : Joyet 2004 46 Hyperbole Is when one exaggerates.
We use hyperbole all the time when we want to impress or stress. Hyperbole : Joyet 2004 47 Hyperbole “He never speaks to her.”
Never? That is a very long time.
Hyperbole means to exaggerates. Take for example: Hyperbole : Joyet 2004 48 Hyperbole We have a ton of work.
A ton is a lot of work. A ton is also a thousand pounds. Hyperbole example: Hyperbole : Joyet 2004 49 Hyperbole I ate a thousand pounds of pasta.
A thousand pounds is also known as a ton, this person must be really obese. Hyperbole example: Hyperbole : Joyet 2004 50 Hyperbole I told you a million times.
I don’t mind repeating myself, but a million times? That’s a lot. Hyperbole example: We’ve looked at : Joyet 2004 51 We’ve looked at Literal vs. Figurative Remember:
Real vs. Imaginary We’ve looked at : Joyet 2004 52 We’ve looked at Seven Figurative Language. techniques:
hyperbole What did we learn? Discuss with your group what you know. : Joyet 2004 53 What did we learn? Discuss with your group what you know. What is Literal Language?
What is Figurative Language
What is the difference between the two? Discuss with a partner… : Joyet 2004 54 Discuss with a partner… What is metaphor?
What is simile?
Give an example of each. Personification : Joyet 2004 55 Personification Hint: There cannot be a person mentioned in a personification sentence. It has to be an object that can do “person like” things.
Such as: The Hot Cheetos were calling my name so I had to eat them!
Come up with some of your own with your group. What is Alliteration? : Joyet 2004 56 What is Alliteration? Hint: Tongue Twisters!
Create some with your group