Child Labour

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All about on Child Labour

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Slide 1: 

Welcome To the Presentation…

Child Labour : 

Child Labour Presented by : Soumya Bhattacharya. Guided by : Sreoshi majumdar. Of RCC Institute of Information Technology. MCA 1st Year ‘09

Contents… : 

Introduction ……………………………………………………. Child is Treasure of our Society ……………….…..………….. What do we mean by Child Labour ….…….…….…………. History of Child Labours ………………………..…….……...... Scopes to use them in ……….……….……….….………….……. Recent Child Labour Incidents ………….…………….. Child Labour in different Country …………………... Distribution of Child Labours in world basics ... Causes of Child Labour ……………….……………........ Easy available of labour childs ………….…..………… General causes ………………………………..….………...... Easily accessible, easy to use ………….….…..….…….. Effects of Child Labour ….……….………………..……... On society ….….……………………………….…….………..… On Children and their family ……………….…………… Contents…

Contents… : 

An Example of Child Labour Case study …………..…. Child Labor in Agriculture & it’s Protests .…………. Efforts & Solutions against Child Labour …………….. Social liability of protest …………………………….……… By Educational system ………………………………………. Legal & judicial action on it ……………………………….. NGO like UNICEF against on it as protest Orgs …. Conduction of IPEC …………………………………..………. Future steps of Protest for Child Labour ………........ Conclusions ….……………………………………………………... Contents…

……..……Introduction.…………… : 

Child is Treasure of our Society … Child is a pylon of our society. They are future of any developing as well as developed country, so literally they are treasure of society. What do we mean by Child Labour ... Child labour is employing children who are under aged (generally 5-14 years old)to work as determined laws of a state.This practice is considered to be exploitative in many countries and international organizations. Labor work that harms children. Keeps them out of school. Allows no free time. ……..……Introduction.……………

Introduction… : 

Scopes to use them in … Agricultural areas. Industrial and factory sites and construction usages. In Mine industry and scrape businesses. As home maids in India like 3rd world countries. In roadside hotels. mills and workshop purposes. History of Child Labours … In Victorian England and 19th century USA, Canada, Japan,  Australia and New Zealand, children were commonly used as cheap labour. Child Labor was not new to the world. Introduction… During the Industrial revolution in 1780 and 1840, there was a massive increase in child exploitation. In 1788, more than 60% of workers in textile mills of England were children.

.Recent Child Labour Incidents. : 

Child Labour in different Country … Child Labours are used in different countries India to United States, Indonasia to Africaall over the world is shown by an example accountibilty. .Recent Child Labour Incidents. A young boy recycling garbage in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam in 2006

Recent Child Labour Incidents… : 

Recent Child Labour Incidents… Distribution of Child Labours in world basics … The Distribution of children in labour work in all over the world.

…..Causes of Child Labour….. : 

Easy available of labour childs … Slam area in any developing country like India is very high,so poor background family’s children are easily available for minimal cost is suiteble for Industries. General causes … Poverty under BPL(Below Poverty Level). parental illiteracy and family size. social apathy. ignorance. lack of education and exposure and inadequate school facilities. Easily accessible, easy to use … Do the full time Commercial work to sustain self or add to the family income. …..Causes of Child Labour…..

.…..Effects of Child Labour…… : 

On Children and their family … Child labor is a hazard to a Child’s mental, physical, social, educational, emotional and spiritual development. Broadly any child who is employed in activities to feed self and family then the children’s human rite is been violated. On Society … .…..Effects of Child Labour……

An Example of Child Labour :Case ……………..…….study…………………... : 

Child Labor in Agriculture & it’s Protest … 75% work in agricultural related activities. Common in countries with very unequal income distribution. Solutions … Improve child labor laws and enforce them. Increase access and quality of education. Replace child workers with adults. An Example of Child Labour :Case ……………..…….study…………………...

.…Efforts & Solutions against…. ………...….Child Labour………..…. : 

Social liability of protest … To regulated working hours, protected young children and improved working conditions. By Educational system … They are poor so education in distance, causes the child labour. Several steps are taken in different country. Eliminating Fees. percent of education budgets. Reduction of Fees. Scholarship Programs. Meal Programs. .…Efforts & Solutions against…. ………...….Child Labour………..….

Efforts & Solutions against Child Labour … : 

Legal & judicial action on it … Campaigning by social reform movements led to the Factory Act 1883, the Mine Act 1842 & the Factory Act 1867 in England. Compulsory education, introduced by the Education Act 1870. Almost all countries now have laws which set a minimum age for working. NGOs are against on it as protest Orgs … ILP - In 20th Century, growing awareness world-wide led to the International Labour Organization (United Nations) to develop standards for the protection of child labour. UNICEF - Founded in 1946, UNICEF helps save, protect and improve the lives of children around the world through immunization, education. UNICEF is non-partisan and its cooperation is free of discrimination. Efforts & Solutions against Child Labour …

..Future steps of Protest for Child.. ………...........Labour…………........ : 

IPEC group are extend the reservations to eliminate Child Labour issue. UNICEF and ILO like NGOs are helped hand with Government, future is bright. ..Future steps of Protest for Child.. ………...........Labour…………........ Conduction of IPEC … IPEC's work to eliminate child labour is an important facet of the ILO's Decent Work Agenda. The number & range of IPEC’s partners include employers’ and workers’ organizations, other international and government agencies, private businesses, community-based organizations, NGOs,

.…….…….Conclusions..…….…….. : 

Child is a long term diseases of our society since long past from 1960’s to till now, is thrown away backward in development of countries. Since then to resolve this problem many Acts are passed, social movement are taken against it, general awareness increased, bring them to education system, NGOs are step forward, and now the introduce IPEC. Now Child labour is reducing, but need more. I think that The Government have to take all most responsibility, public have more conscious and srictly prohibited to used them. .…….…….Conclusions..…….…….. Thank You all