Italian Renaissance Literature

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a short presentation on Italian Renaissance Literature

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ITALIAN RENAISSANCE LITERATURE : 

ITALIAN RENAISSANCE LITERATURE

The Italian Renaissance : 

The Italian Renaissance Began the opening phase of the Renaissance, a period of great cultural change and achievement in Europe that spanned the period from the end of the 13th century to about 1600. Best known for its literary achievements and renewed interest in the culture of classical antiquity.

Literature in the Renaissance : 

Literature in the Renaissance The spirit of the Renaissance was expressed in literature as well as art. Many Renaissance writers studied the works of the ancient Romans and Greeks, coming to new, modern conclusions based upon their studies. The literature during the Renaissance was largely influenced by the developing science, philosophy, politics and religion. Many of the great figures of early Renaissance literature were scholars concerned with philological research and the translation of the Greek and Latin classics.

The Rise of Printing : 

The Rise of Printing The process of printing spread throughout Europe, and was used extensively in Italy, where the humanist writers of the Renaissance had long sought a way to more easily express their ideas to the public. In 1454, Johann Gutenberg published the Gutenberg Bible, the first book printed by a machine. Before long, printing presses had been constructed and were widely in use throughout Europe, bringing the price of books down and allowing more and more authors to be published and read. The Italian writers Boccaccio, Pico, and Niccolo Machiavelli were able to distribute their works much more easily and cheaply because of the rise of the printed book.

Three Major Figures in Italian Renaissance Literature : 

Three Major Figures in Italian Renaissance Literature Dante Alighieri - greatest of Italian poets, also shows these lyrical tendencies. In 1293 he wrote La Vita Nuova ("new life" in English, so called to indicate that his first meeting with Beatrice was the beginning of a new life), in which he idealizes love. Most famous for his work, The Divine Comedy. Francesco Petrarca/Petrarch – was the first Humanist and at the same time the first modern lyric poet. Giovanni Boccaccio - had the same enthusiastic love of antiquity and the same worship for the new Italian literature as Petrarch. He was the first to put together a Latin translation of the Iliad and, in 1375, the Odyssey.

Genres of Italian Renaissance Literature : 

Genres of Italian Renaissance Literature Drama - the development of the drama in the 15th century was very great. This kind of semi-popular literature was born in Florence, and attached itself to certain popular festivities that were usually held in honor of St John the Baptist, patron saint of the city. a popular image of theatre and drama

Popular Authors Under Drama : 

Popular Authors Under Drama Angelo Ambrogini Lorenzo de Medici Albertino Mussato Albertino Mussato of Padua - an Early Renaissance Italian dramatist who produced a Latin tragedy on Ezzelino da Romano, a military leader. Lorenzo de Medici – in his works, he acknowledged with melancholy the fragility and instability of the human condition. Leon Battista Alberti – an Italian artist, author and humanist. Vespasiano da Bisticci – an Italian humanist and librarian who wrote a collection of 300 biographies and reliable facts for the history of fifteenth-century humanism Andrea da Barberino - wrote the beautiful prose of the Reali di Francia, giving color to the chivalrous romances at the time. Angelo Ambrogini - a great Greek scholar who wrote Italian verses

Genres of Italian Renaissance Literature : 

Genres of Italian Renaissance Literature Epic – developed during the 15th century and was first introduced by Luigi Pulci. Most of the epics during the time were drawn to the world of romance, chivalrous manners and feelings. “Morgante” – an example of an epic story during this time

Popular Authors Under Epic : 

Popular Authors Under Epic Luigi Pulci – an Italian poet best known for his epic work, Morgante, which is about a giant who is converted to Christianity and follows the knight Orlando. Matteo Maria Boiardo – an Italian Renaissance poet best remembered for his grandiose poem of chivalry and romance Orlando Innamorato. Francesco Bello – a poet who wrote a romantic poem of the 15th century – Mambriano. Matteo Maria Boiardo Luigi Pulci

Genres of Italian Renaissance Literature : 

Genres of Italian Renaissance Literature Carnival Songs – it was a completely new style of poetry. These were a kind of choral songs, which were accompanied with symbolic masquerades, common in Florence at the carnival. For the most part they were put into the mouth of a party of workmen and tradesmen. These triumphs and masquerades were directed by Lorenzo de Medici himself. The entitled Bacco ed Arianna is the most famous. examples of masquerade costumes used

Questions : 

Questions 1. It is a period of great cultural change and achievement in Europe that spanned the period from the end of the 13th century to about 1600. 2. The genre of Italian Renaissance Literature that was developed during the 15th century and was first introduced by Luigi Pulci. 3-5. The three major figures of Italian Renaissance Literature. 6. The author who wrote “Morgante”. 7. The spirit of the Renaissance was expressed in _________ as well as art. 8. A completely new style of poetry developed during the Italian Renaissance period. 9. True or False? Many of the great figures of early Renaissance literature were traders. 10. Give one genre of Italian Renaissance Literature.

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