Roles Functions of Reserve Bank of India

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Presentation Transcript

Slide 1: 

Reserve Bank of India India’s Central Bank Presentation By Manjinder Singh ( MBA – Ist Semester)

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Establishment Established on April 1, 1935 with share capital of Five Crores on recommendation of Hilton Young Commission. RBI was Nationalised in Year 1949. Central Office was initially established in Calcutta and moved to Mumbai in 1937

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Structure RBI Have 20 Directors : The Governor Four Deputy Governor One Govt. Official from Ministry of Finance. Ten Nominate Director, nominated by Govt. Four Directors to represent Headquarters at Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai & New Delhi. Appointed/ Nominated for period of Four Years.

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RBI Offices Head office in Mumbai. 24 Regional offices, most of them in State Capital.

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Preamble “… to regulate the issue of Bank Notes and keeping of reserves with a view to securing monetary stability in India and generally to operate the currency and credit system of the country to its advantage."

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Main Functions (Act, 1934) Bank of Issue (Under Sec 22) RBI has sole right to issue One Rupees Notes and small coins in country as agent of Government. RBI has separate Issue Department to issue currency notes. RBI maintain Minimum Reserve in form of Gold and Foreign Exchange Reserve of which almost 55% should be in Gold.

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Main Functions (Act, 1934) Banker to Government RBI is banker, agent and advisor of Central Government and all State Government in India. RBI helps the Government to float new loans and to manage public debt. RBI makes loans and advances to the States and local authorities.

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Main Functions (Act, 1934) Banker’s Bank & Lender of Last Resort RBI maintains banking accounts of all schedule banks. Every schedule bank have to keep cash reserve a fix percentage of their aggregate deposit liabilities . Banks always expect for help from RBI in time of banking crisis.

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Main Functions (Act, 1934) Controller of Credit RBI holds the cash reserves of all schedule banks. It holds credit operations of banks through quantities RBI has power to ask bank or whole banking system not to lend particular group or person. Every bank have to get license from RBI for banking operation. RBI can also cancel this license. Every bank gives weekly return showing assets and liabilities in details .

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Main Functions (Act, 1934) Custodian of Foreign Reserves RBI responsible to maintain official rate of exchange as according terms of I.M.F. RBI reserves the international currency. RBI observes relationship of Indian Currency with other International currency.

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Main Functions (Act, 1934) Promotional Functions RBI ask banks and financing agencies to promote rural and semi-urban areas by financing (funding ). RBI setup directly or indirectly some institutions like : Deposit Insurance Corporation ( 1962 ) Industrial Development Bank ( 1964 ) Unit Trust of India ( 1964 ) Industrial Reconstruction Corp. of India ( 1972 ) Agricultural Refinance Corporation ( 1963 ) RBI promotes villagers for saving and route this money as short term credit to agriculture.

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List of Executives Governor Dr. D Subbarao Deputy Governors Dr. Rakesh Mohan, Smt. S. Gopinath, Smt. Usha Thorat Executive Directors Sh. V.K. Sharma, Sh. C. Krishnan, Sh. Anand Sinha, Sh. V.S. Das, Sh. G. Gopalkrishna, Sh. H.R. Khan, Sh. D.K. Mohanty

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Address of RBI Reserve Bank of India, Central Office, Shaheed Bhagat Singh Road, Mumbai – 400 001 Ph.No. 22660868, Web : www.rbi.org.in

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? Any Question

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Thank You