Slide 1: Personal Hygiene and You Surg Cdr Sougat Ray Health : Health According to the World Health Organization, health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. Hygiene : Hygiene Hygiene refers to practices associated with ensuring good health and cleanliness.
It is the maintenance of health and healthy living and includes bathing, keeping the mouth clean, keeping the skin protected from infections and washing hands frequently. Good and Bad Hygiene : Good and Bad Hygiene The difference between good and bad hygiene is:
Good hygiene keep you protected from things, like germs in the environment that can hurt you
Bad hygiene allows these things to affect your body and probably make you sick The Benefits of Good Hygiene : The Benefits of Good Hygiene Addressing the spread of germs is essential to the health of our youth, our schools, and our nation
Good hygiene prevents the spread of germs
It also helps to give a good first impression to others Why personal hygiene is so important during adolescence : Why personal hygiene is so important during adolescence You feel better about yourself Keeps You Healthy : Keeps You Healthy Reflects The Best Possible You : Reflects The Best Possible You Taking Care Of Personal Hygiene Gives The Best Reflection Of You To Others. : Taking Care Of Personal Hygiene Gives The Best Reflection Of You To Others. Transmission of germs : Transmission of germs Germs can be transmitted many ways, including:
Through dirty hands
Through droplets released during a cough or a sneeze via air or contaminated surfaces
Through contact with a sick person's body fluids Handwashing : Handwashing Good hand washing is the first line of defense against the spread of many illnesses, from the common cold to more serious illnesses such as Swine Flu, meningitis, bronchiolitis, hepatitis A, and most types of infectious diarrhea Prevent Air Borne Infections : Prevent Air Borne Infections Cover your mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing, using a tissue
Throw the tissue away quickly and carefully
Clean hard surfaces (like door handles and remote controls) frequently with a normal cleaning product Healthy Skin : Healthy Skin Soap and water are essential for keeping the skin clean.
A good bath once or twice a day is recommended, especially in tropical countries like India.
Those who are involved in active sports or work out would do well to take a bath after the activity. Common Skin Problems : Common Skin Problems Boils (Folliculitis, Impetigo), Cellulitis, Fungal Infections
Several types of bacteria and fungus flourish in damp and moist areas
People should be careful of contamination in public places
The health gym, lockers, swimming pools and common showers are the breeding places of bacteria and fungus that cause skin infections
Proper hygiene must be observed at all times if skin diseases are to be avoided. Acne : Acne Acne affects about 80% of adolescents.
It is not caused by uncleanliness.
Increased hormone stimulate the oil glands.
Produce a substance that block the pores
blackheads and pimples.
Blackheads and pimples should never be picked
at or squeezed as this can result in permanent scarring.
The treatment for acne is:
gently wash involved areas with a non-oiled soap and a face cloth, twice a day
see a dermatologist if acne is severe and does not respond to normal treatment Oral Hygiene : Oral Hygiene Well, whether it is a neem twig or battery brush, you cannot give brushing a miss. Oral Hygiene : Oral Hygiene Prevent the build-up of plaque.
causative factor of the major dental problems.
Poor oral hygiene allows the accumulation of acid producing bacteria on the surface of the teeth.
Acid demineralizes the tooth enamel causing tooth decay (cavities).
Dental plaque can also invade and infect the gums causing gum disease
In both conditions, the final effect of poor oral hygiene is the loss of one or more teeth. How Often and When to Brush and Floss : How Often and When to Brush and Floss At least two times a day
One time in the morning, and one time at night
Consider brushing between meals, too!
Floss at least one time a day
Floss if you feel food stuck in your teeth Healthy Teeth and Gums : Healthy Teeth and Gums The health and cleanliness of your mouth is important, if you don’t brush and floss…
Cavities (holes in your teeth) may form
Your breath will probably smell bad
You may be at higher risk for serious disease later in life, such as heart disease, stroke, and diabetes Brushing Technique and Skills : Brushing Technique and Skills Place your toothbrush against the gums.
Move the brush back and forth gently in short (tooth-wide) strokes.
Brush the outer tooth surfaces, the inner tooth surfaces, and the chewing surfaces of the teeth.
Clean the inside surfaces of the front teeth, using a gentle up-and-down stroke.
Brush your tongue to remove bacteria and freshen your breath. Foods to Avoid : Foods to Avoid Bacteria in your mouth grow on sugar
Try to eat as little “junk food” as possible
=candy, chocolate, and other sweets
Avoid drinking soda and sweet tea
If you do eat these things, you may want to brush immediately afterwards Hair - It is your crowning glory. : Hair - It is your crowning glory. Dealing with Dandruff : Dealing with Dandruff Skin sloughs-off dead cells as new ones are produced.
In many people there is an increase in dead skin shed
Excessive production of a fungus called Pityrosporum ovale which lives normally on our skin
Gently massaging the scalp, aiding in increasing the blood circulation, instead of scratching will help to prevent the skin being disrupted Body Odour : Body Odour Sweating is a vital and normal process.
The apocrine glands active at the onset of puberty.
When stimulated, they produce perspiration and the sweat in contact with bacteria on the skin results is body odour.
This odour is unpleasant and increases with physical activity, stress, excitement, nervousness and warmth.
Body odour can be effectively managed by:
daily showers or baths;
changing one’s clothes daily;
use of a deodorant or anti-perspirant Ear Care : Ear Care A very important part of personal hygiene.
Consists of three parts; the outer ear, the middle ear and the inner ear.
Involves the care of the outer ear
Others parts can become damaged if tampered with
Outer ear consists of the visible part known as the pinna and the entrance to the ear canal leading to the ear drum. Foot Care : Foot Care Use towels that are kept separate from anyone else
Wash and dry feet twice a day
Pay particular attention to thorough drying techniques
Change socks when moist
The common infections are ringworm and athelete’s foot Nail Care : Nail Care Nails made up of layers of protein called keratin and indicative of our general health.
Grow on average 1mm per week
Taking good care of your nails and maintaining their cleanliness very important
Nails can be kept clean by using a simple mild soap, warm water and a nail brush
Cut nails as germs may be present inside them, specially harmful if we use hands to eat Good Hygiene Habits : Good Hygiene Habits Get a good night's sleep
Eat a good breakfast
Take good dental care
Wash your hands frequently to avoid spreading germs
Take bath daily to keep the dirt and odours away Good habits every student needs for success! : Good habits every student needs for success! Get on a good schedule
Eat a healthy diet
Learn to exercise
Develop good study habits
Respect the environment Conclusion : Conclusion Personal hygiene is the first step to good grooming and good health.
Elementary cleanliness is common knowledge.
Neglect causes problems that you may not even be aware of
Every external part of the body demands a basic amount of attention on a regular basis