endangered species

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Endangered Species Protection : 

1 Endangered Species Protection For Minnesota Applicators

Slide 2: 

2 Always applicator’s responsibilityto prevent non-target damage. Damage to lilacs from cropland drift Sweat fly – a beneficial insect

Slide 3: 

3 Responsibility more criticalwhen plants and animals are: Endangered: A plant or animal in dangerof extinction Threatened: A plant or animal likely tobecome endangered in near future Candidate: A plant or animal in line to be listedendangered or threatened Karner blue butterfly Leedy’sroseroot Eastern massasauga

Slide 4: 

4 “Federally listed” species in MN: Endangered: A plant or animal in dangerof extinction Threatened: A plant or animal likely tobecome endangered in near future

Slide 5: 

5 Endangered species in MN: Minnesota dwarf trout lily Karner blue butterfly Piping Plover Winged mapleleaf mussel Higgins eye pearlymussel Topeka shiner

Slide 6: 

6 Threatened species in MN: To be removed fromfederal list on 3/12/07 Proposed to be removed from federal list on 6/29/07

Slide 7: 

7 Species Habitat + + Toxicity + Exposure Not all plants and animals areat the same risk from pesticides: = Risk

Which has greatest risk from aherbicide sprayed in Clay County? : 

8 Which has greatest risk from aherbicide sprayed in Clay County? Wolf in Lake County Orchid in Clay County

Slide 9: 

9 Three species that havehigher exposure and higher risk: Landowners typically know if they have these species – ask before you apply! Western Prairie Fringed Orchid Prairie Bush Clover Minnesota Dwarf Trout Lily Landowners can call MDNR to learnof potential locations.

Western Prairie Fringed Orchid : 

10 Western Prairie Fringed Orchid ABOUT: “Threatened” Grows to 2 feet, white fringed flower Found in tallgrass prairie, old fields, and roadsides Only pollinated by the hawkmoth RISKS: Herbicides applied to waysides and prairie pasture Herbicide drift Insecticide applications that damage the hawkmoth.

Prairie Bush Clover : 

11 Prairie Bush Clover ABOUT: “Threatened” 1 – 1.5 feet tall, pink flower Tallgrassprairie of Upper Mississippi River Found in only 40 sites in IA, IL, MN, and WI RISK: Herbicides applied to waysides and prairie pasture

Minnesota Dwarf Trout Lily : 

12 Minnesota Dwarf Trout Lily ABOUT: “Endangered” 6” to 9” tall, light pink flower Found only on 600 acres of woodland habitat Found mainly in Rice and Goodhue Counties, MN RISK: Herbicide drift from lawns near dwarf trout lily habitat Herbicides applied to control invasive buckthorn

Best Practices : 

13 Ask landowner or MDNR about presence of endangered species. Use buffer set-backs. Avoid drift. Time applications to avoid exposure. Delay application if safety cannot be assured. Best Practices

EPA’s Bulletin System : 

14 EPA’s Bulletin System Endangered species protection now part of label requirements – enforceable. Site specific - requires complex system. Bulletins developed as part of registration and re-registration process. Expect seeing bulletinsphased in starting 2007.

Endangered SpeciesProtection Statements : 

15 Endangered SpeciesProtection Statements “This product may have effects on endangered species. When using this product, you must follow the measures contained in the Endangered Species Protection Bulletin for the county in which you are applying the product. To obtain Bulletins, consult www.epa.gov/espp, or call 1-800-447-3813 no more than six months before using this product. You must use the Bulletin valid for the month in which you will apply the product.”

Endangered SpeciesProtection Statements : 

16 Endangered SpeciesProtection Statements If you see a Statement, you must go to the website or telephone to see if there is a Bulletin for your county. There is a good chance that there is not a Bulletin for your county. If there is a Bulletin, obtain it, read it, follow it, and save it. Bulletins need to be less than six months old.

Bulletins give maps & limitations : 

17 Bulletins give maps & limitations MAPS: Maps indicate whether a species is in the area you plan to apply. LIMITATIONS CAN INCLUDE: Buffer set-backs Reduced rates Timing restrictions Prohibitions on use Bulletins = Label = Law!

Minnesota’s EndangeredSpecies Statue and Rules : 

18 Minnesota has its own endangered species program - separate from federal. Longer lists; 96 endangered species and 101 threatened species. Against the law to kill or harm. Bulletin program applies to onlyfederal list, not state. Minnesota’s EndangeredSpecies Statue and Rules

Minnesota’s EndangeredSpecies Statue and Rules : 

19 Damage to plants exempt from state law if on or near certain agricultural land or in ditches or roadways. Program depends on protection plans developed with landowners. More info:www.dnr.state.mn.us/ets Minnesota’s EndangeredSpecies Statue and Rules

Slide 20: 

20 In the news . . . Minnesota Department of Natural Resources has proposed revised state lists for endangered and threaten species. If approved: Listed endangered species will increase from 96 to 131. Listed threatened species will increase from 101 to 143.

Take home points: : 

21 Ask – landowner or MDNR about presence of endangered species. Prevent – non-target damage. Look – for Endangered Species Protection Statements on labels in 2007. Follow – Endangered Species Protection Bulletins as part of the label. Keep – A copy of Bulletins for your records. Take home points:

Slide 22: 

22 Ron Struss Water Quality AdvisorPesticide and Fertilizer Management Unit 651-201-6269 ron.struss@state.mn.us

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