Firearm Safety

Views:
 
Category: Others/ Misc
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 1 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol NorthWest Safety and Firearms Education Welcome!

Preliminaries : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 2 Preliminaries Introductions Registration Orientation Goal: To provide beginning shooters with an introduction to the knowledge, skills, and attitude necessary to own and use a specific pistol model safely.

Preliminaries : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 3 Preliminaries Facilities. Do you have any firearms with you? Do you have any live ammunition with you? Handbooks, brochures and other materials.

Schedule : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 4 Schedule 10am Lesson I11am Lesson IINoon Lesson III1:30pm Lesson IV Even asking questions, done by 2pm Ten minute break between lessons if we have the time. Shooting portion is in Lesson III

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 5 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol NorthWest Safety and Firearms Education Lesson I Introduction to Pistol Safety, Parts and Operation

Lesson I: Pistol Safety, Parts, and Operation : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 6 Lesson I: Pistol Safety, Parts, and Operation As a result of this lesson, you will be able to: State the goal of the NRA FIRST Steps Pistol Orientation. Name the three fundamental NRA rules of safe gun handling and demonstrate them with a specific pistol model.

Lesson I: Pistol Safety, Parts, and Operation, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 7 Lesson I: Pistol Safety, Parts, and Operation, cont. As a result of this lesson, you will also be able to: Name the three major components of a pistol and describe their functions. Safely demonstrate loading and unloading procedures for a specific pistol model with training ammunition.

Pistol Safety : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 8 Pistol Safety What do you think is our primary concern when handling firearms? Safety is always the primary concern when handling firearms.

Pistol Safety, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 9 Pistol Safety, cont. What do you think are the major causes of gun accidents? IGNORANCE CARELESSNESS

Pistol Safety, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 10 Pistol Safety, cont. NRA Rules of Safe Gun Handling (the blue brochure, first fold-out) Please read the rules aloud…

#1: ALWAYS keep the gun pointed in a safe direction : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 11 #1: ALWAYS keep the gun pointed in a safe direction What do you think is meant by a “safe direction”? Term: safe direction Term: muzzle If the gun were to discharge, it would not cause injury or damage.

#2: ALWAYS keep your finger off the trigger until ready to shoot : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 12 #2: ALWAYS keep your finger off the trigger until ready to shoot If your finger is kept off the trigger, where should it be? Term: trigger Term: trigger guard Term: frame The finger should rest outside the trigger guard or along the side of the gun (on the frame).

#3: Always keep the gun unloaded until ready to use : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 13 #3: Always keep the gun unloaded until ready to use How do you know whether or not a gun is unloaded? Term: magazine Term: action Term: chamber Check that a gun is unloaded by removing the magazine, opening the action, and inspecting the chamber.

Safe Pistol HandlingPractical Exercise : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 14 Safe Pistol HandlingPractical Exercise How do you hand a firearm to another person?

Pistol Parts: Major Components : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 15 Pistol Parts: Major Components Turn to Page 1 of the handbook. Term: frame Backbone of the pistol to which the other parts are attached Term: barrel Metal tube through which the bullet passes on the way to the target Term: action Group of moving parts used to load, fire, and unload the pistol

Revolver: Frame Parts : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 16 Revolver: Frame Parts Grip panels Backstrap Trigger guard Rear sight

Revolver: Barrel Parts : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 17 Revolver: Barrel Parts Bore Rifling (Handbook Page 2) Muzzle Front sight

Revolver: Action Parts : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 18 Revolver: Action Parts Trigger Hammer Cylinder Chamber Cylinder release latch Loading Gate (on single actions) Ejector Ejector rod

Semi-Automatic: Frame Parts : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 19 Semi-Automatic: Frame Parts (Manual) safety Slide stop (sometimes “slide lock”) Decocking lever Grip panels Backstrap (with tang at the top) Trigger guard

Semi-Automatic: Barrel Parts : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 20 Semi-Automatic: Barrel Parts Bore Chamber Rifling (Handbook Page 2) Muzzle

Semi-Automatic: Action Parts : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 21 Semi-Automatic: Action Parts Hammer Slide Front Sight Rear Sight Ejection port Magazine (in the magazine well) Magazine release Trigger

Pistol Parts Review : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 22 Pistol Parts Review What are all the parts on the frame of your gun? What are all the parts on the barrel of your gun? What are all the parts on the action of your gun?

Pistol Operation : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 23 Pistol Operation Besides “firing,” there are four basic operations of most pistols: Loading Cocking Uncocking Unloading

Revolver Loading : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 24 Revolver Loading Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your finger off the trigger… Load cartridges into the cylinder, with the muzzle downward. Close the cylinder (or loading gate on single actions). Turn the cylinder to index it, if it is not locked.

Semi-Automatic Loading : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 25 Semi-Automatic Loading Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your finger off the trigger… Load cartridges into the magazine. Firmly insert the magazine into the magazine well. Cycle the slide to chamber a cartridge. Pull the slide to the rear. Release the slide, don’t “ride” it forward.

Pistol Cocking : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 26 Pistol Cocking Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your finger off the trigger… Place the hammer under spring tension to prepare it to fire Semi-automatics: cycling the slide may cock the hammer Decockers must be disengaged to cock the hammer

Pistol Decocking : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 27 Pistol Decocking Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your finger off the trigger… Relax the hammer’s spring tension so it is not in a position to fire the gun. Term: trigger bar (revolver) Term: decocker (semi-automatic) Some guns should not or cannot be decocked.

Revolver Unloading : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 28 Revolver Unloading Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your finger off the trigger… Release the cylinder and swing it out. Turn the gun so the chamber mouths are facing downward. Briskly operate the ejector rod. Check by sight and feel that all chambers are empty.

Semi-Automatic Unloading : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 29 Semi-Automatic Unloading Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your finger off the trigger… Press the magazine release, and remove the magazine. Cycle the slide. Lock the slide open. Check by sight and feel that the chamber is empty.

Pistol Operation Practical Exercise : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 30 Pistol Operation Practical Exercise What are the three rules of safe gun handling? Demonstrate the correct loading, cocking, uncocking, and unloading procedures for your pistol.

Lesson I Summary : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 31 Lesson I Summary What is the goal of the FIRST Steps Pistol Orientation? What are the NRA’s three rules for safe gun handling? What are the three major components of a pistol and what are their functions?

Lesson I Summary : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 32 Lesson I Summary How do you load and unload your pistol? What are your questions? Take a break until 11am! We’ll continue with more lecture on ammunition and the fundamentals of pistol shooting.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 33 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol NorthWest Safety and Firearms Education Lesson II Introduction to Ammunitionand the Fundamentalsof Pistol Shooting

Lesson II: Ammunition : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 34 Lesson II: Ammunition As a result of the first part of this lesson, you will be able to: Identify the three items you need to check to determine the proper ammunition for your pistol. Identify the three major types of cartridge malfunctions, and how to respond to them.

Lesson II: Fundamentals of Pistol Shooting : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 35 Lesson II: Fundamentals of Pistol Shooting As a result of the second part of this lesson, you will also be able to: Determine your dominant eye. Explain the six fundamentals of pistol shooting. Demonstrate the six fundamentals from the benchrest position.

Pistol Ammunition : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 36 Pistol Ammunition In the blue brochure, read the rule: “Use only the correct ammunition for your gun.” How do you know what type of ammunition should be used for a particular gun? Most firearms have the ammunition type stamped on the gun itself (often on the barrel).

Pistol Ammunition, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 37 Pistol Ammunition, cont. How do you know whether the ammunition you have is the correct type for your gun? Ammunition type is identified on the box and sometimes on the base of the cartridge as well.

Pistol Ammunition, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 38 Pistol Ammunition, cont. What three items should be checked to be sure that you are using the correct ammunition for your gun? The barrel of the gun The box of ammunition The base of the cartridge

Pistol Ammunition, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 39 Pistol Ammunition, cont. Be aware that certain ammunition with different designations may be compatible with certain guns. .357 Magnum and .38 Special 9mm Parabellum, 9mm Luger, 9x19 Refer to your owner’s manual!

Cartridge Malfunctions : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 40 Cartridge Malfunctions Turn to Page 17 and read the definitions of the three cartridge malfunction types Term: misfire A failure of the cartridge to fire after the primer has been struck by the firing pin. Term: hangfire A perceptible delay in the ignition of a cartridge after the primer has been struck by the firing pin.

Cartridge Malfunctions, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 41 Cartridge Malfunctions, cont. If the cartridge fails to fire immediately, what should you do? You don’t know if it’s a hangfire or a misfire: Keep the gun pointed in a safe direction; Wait 30 seconds; Then unload safely.

Cartridge Malfunctions, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 42 Cartridge Malfunctions, cont. Term: squib load Development of less than normal pressure or velocity after ignition of the cartridge. What may indicate that a squib load may have been fired? Unusual recoil or noise.

Cartridge Malfunctions, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 43 Cartridge Malfunctions, cont. What action should be taken if a squib load is suspected? Stop firing immediately. Keep the gun pointed in a safe direction, and your finger off the trigger. Unload the gun. Determine if a bullet is lodged in the barrel with a cleaning rod.

Determining the Dominant Eye : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 44 Determining the Dominant Eye Each individual has a dominant eye, which should be used to aim the pistol. Handbook Page 57. How many participants are cross-dominant? Try to use your dominant eye, but in general use the hand and eye that’s most comfortable.

Fundamentals of Pistol Shooting : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 45 Fundamentals of Pistol Shooting What does the word “fundamental” mean? Basic Essential Fundamentals are the essential elements of performing a skill. In the case of shooting, the skill is “firing a shot.”

Fundamentals of Pistol Shooting, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 46 Fundamentals of Pistol Shooting, cont. In brief, the fundamentals of pistol shooting are: Position Grip Breath Control Sight Alignment Trigger Control Follow-Through

Position : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 47 Position What do we mean by “position?” Position refers to the way you hold your body when firing a shot We will cover two positions in this course: Benchrest position Two-handed standing position

Position, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 48 Position, cont. A position should be comfortable, balanced, relaxed, and properly aligned with the target. Benchrest, Handbook Pages 70-71 Sit behind the bench or table facing the target. Both arms extended fully in front. Wrists are supports by sandbags. The head is erect.

Grip : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 49 Grip What do we mean by “grip?” The grip is the manner by which the pistol is grasped and held. Handbook Pages 59-60. Keeping the gun pointed in a safe direction, and finger off the trigger, use the non-shooting hand to place the pistol in the shooting hand.

Grip, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 50 Grip, cont. Fit the web of the hand as high as possible on the backstrap or tang. Align the gun with the wrist and forearm. Grip the pistol with the base of the thumb and lower three fingers of the shooting hand. Pressure of the grip is directed straight towards the rear.

Grip, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 51 Grip, cont. Hold the pistol firmly, but without undue shaking. Always keep your finger off the trigger until ready to shoot. The finger should lie along the side of the frame. The thumb should lie along the other side of the frame, not behind the slide of the gun.

Grip, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 52 Grip, cont. Place the heel of the non-shooting hand against the heel of the shooting hand. Firmly wrap the fingers of the non-shooting hand around the fingers of the shooting hand.

Grip, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 53 Grip, cont. You should grip the pistol the same way each time you hold the pistol. Your grip on the pistol should not change as you fire the shot.

Breath Control : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 54 Breath Control Why do you think breath control is important in shooting? In order to minimize body movement while shooting, the breath cycle must be interrupted. Before each shot, take a breath, and let it halfway out so you are comfortable. Generally the breath should be held no more than six to eight seconds. Rest if you get tired!

Sight Alignment : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 55 Sight Alignment What two parts of the gun are used for aiming? The front and rear sights. Handbook Pages 60-64. The top of the front sight should be even with the top of the rear sight.

Sight Alignment : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 56 Sight Alignment There should be an equal amount of space around the front sight post in the notch of the rear sight. The eye can only focus on one distance at a time. It cannot keep the front sight, rear sight, and the target in focus simultaneously.

Sight Alignment, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 57 Sight Alignment, cont. The shooter must focus on the front sight. The front sight should be sharp and clear. The rear sight and the target should be blurred. Sight picture is obtained by achieving proper sight alignment and then putting those aligned sights into the proper relationship with the target (Handbook Page 61).

Sight Alignment, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 58 Sight Alignment, cont. There will always be some movement of the aligned sights relative to the target. Movement can be minimized but not eliminated. Misalignment of the sights introduces error that increases at distance. Try to keep both eyes open when shooting.

Sight Alignment, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 59 Sight Alignment, cont. Sight adjustments can be made on some guns. Move the rear sight in the direction you want your shots to appear on the target. (Handbook Page 64) Optical and electronic sights eliminate the need to align a front and rear sight.

Trigger Control : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 60 Trigger Control What is the function of the trigger? When squeezed, the trigger activates the hammer and fires the gun. Handbook Pages 64-65. The index finger is placed with the trigger halfway between the tip of the finger and the first joint. The trigger is squeezed in a smooth, continuous manner directly to the rear, while maintaining sight alignment.

Trigger Control, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 61 Trigger Control, cont. While squeezing the trigger, each shot should come as a surprise. Trigger squeeze and sight alignment must be done simultaneously while minimizing gun movement. Try using training ammunition and dry fire practice to improve your trigger control.

Follow-Through : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 62 Follow-Through How is follow-through important in sports like tennis and golf? In golf and tennis, it is the continuation of a motion after the golf club or tennis racket has hit the ball. Handbook Page 65. Follow-through means continuing to do everything that was being done at the time the shot was fired.

Follow-Through, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 63 Follow-Through, cont. Follow-through prevents unnecessary movement of the barrel before the bullet exits. With focus on the front sight and good follow-through a shooter should be able to “call the shot” and identify its location on the target.

Fundamentals Review : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 64 Fundamentals Review Which are the two most important fundamentals? Sight Alignment Trigger Control The other fundamentals help to minimize disturbance of sight alignment and trigger control.

Lesson II Summary : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 65 Lesson II Summary What three items do you need to check to determine the proper ammunition for your pistol? Define the three major types of cartridge malfunctions and the actions required when they occur. How do you determine your dominant eye?

Lesson II Summary : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 66 Lesson II Summary Explain the six fundamentals of pistol shooting. Describe the benchrest position. What are your questions? Take a break until noon! We’ll pick up with pistol shooting from the benchrest and two-handed standing positions.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 67 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol NorthWest Safety and Firearms Education Lesson III Introduction to Pistol Shootingfrom the Benchrest andTwo-Handed Standing Positions

Lesson III: Pistol Shooting : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 68 Lesson III: Pistol Shooting After completing this lesson, you should be able to: Explain the three range commands, the procedures to be followed if one has a problem with a firearm or drops ammunition, and any applicable range rules for the facility being used.

Lesson III: Pistol Shooting : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 69 Lesson III: Pistol Shooting After completing this lesson, you should also be able to: Discuss and explain the eight NRA safety rules to be followed when shooting and storing a pistol. Safely shoot a target from the benchrest position using the six fundamentals. Safely shoot a target from the two-handed standing position if time allows.

Range Safety;Shooting Facility Orientation : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 70 Range Safety;Shooting Facility Orientation Range layout Indoor shooting range with shooting lanes. Shooters will be paired up and will shoot in “relays”. Range personnel There will be several instructors and coaches to help shooters. The facility also has Range Officers.

Range Commands : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 71 Range Commands “Load” Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your finger off the trigger… Shooters may load their guns only after this command has been given. Revolvers: load the cylinder and close it Semi-automatics: place the loaded magazine into the gun and close the slide.

Range Commands, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 72 Range Commands, cont. “Commence firing” When this command is given, you may fire at your target when you are ready. You are not required to begin immediately.

Range Commands, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 73 Range Commands, cont. “Cease firing” Stop shooting immediately. Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your finger off the trigger… Await further instructions from the Range Officer, coach, or instructor. Anyone may call for a cease fire if they see an unsafe condition.

Range Commands, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 74 Range Commands, cont. “Unload” Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your finger off the trigger… Revolvers: Open the cylinder Eject the casings and cartridges Semi-automatics: Remove magazine Lock open the slide

Range Commands, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 75 Range Commands, cont. “Bench the gun” Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your finger off the trigger… Revolvers: put the gun on the bench with the cylinder open Semi-automatics: put the gun on the bench with the slide back and the ejection port up so the chamber is visible.

Problem with your gun? : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 76 Problem with your gun? Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your finger off the trigger… Raise your hand for assistance.

Drop some ammunition? : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 77 Drop some ammunition? Keep the gun in a safe direction, with your finger off the trigger… Raise your hand for assistance.

Range Procedures Review : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 78 Range Procedures Review What do the “load” and “commence firing” commands mean? What does the “cease firing” command mean? Who may call for a cease fire? What do the “unload” and “bench your gun” commands mean? What do you do when you have a problem with your gun or drop ammunition?

Rules for Safe Shooting : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 79 Rules for Safe Shooting What are the three rules for safe gun handling again? Add these rules for using and storing a gun: Know your target and what is beyond. Be sure the gun is safe to operate. Know how to use the gun safely.

Rules for Safe Shooting, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 80 Rules for Safe Shooting, cont. More rules for using and storing… Use only the correct ammunition for your gun. Wear hearing and eye protection as appropriate. Never use alcohol or drugs before or while shooting.

Rules for Safe Shooting, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 81 Rules for Safe Shooting, cont. More rules for using and storing… Store guns so they are not accessible to unauthorized persons Be aware that certain types of guns and many shooting situations require additional safety precautions.

Shooting from a New Position : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 82 Shooting from a New Position We will use an eight step method to learn a new position: Study the position. Practice the position without a pistol. Practice the position with a pistol. Align the position with a target.

Shooting from a New Position, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 83 Shooting from a New Position, cont. Dry fire at the target using the six fundamentals of pistol shooting: Position Grip Breath control Sight alignment Trigger control Follow-through

Shooting from a New Position, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 84 Shooting from a New Position, cont. Live fire exercise Single-shot exercise Shoot a five shot “group.” Assess your group, and adjust sights (if applicable) or technique if a problem is identified. Continue to shoot groups and assess.

Benchrest Position : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 85 Benchrest Position Handbook Pages 70-71 Best position for people who have never shot a gun before because it minimizes body movement. Both arms straight out in front. Wrists rest on sandbags. Feet flat on the floor. Head is erect.

Two-handed Standing Position : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 86 Two-handed Standing Position Handbook Pages 79-81 Best position to start learning standing positions. Feet shoulder-width apart. Hips and shoulders square to the target. Arms straight out and head erect, same as benchrest (another name for position is “Isosceles”).

Any questions? : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 87 Any questions? Are you comfortable with what you know? Let’s goshoot!

Lesson III Summary : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 88 Lesson III Summary Explain the three range commands, the procedures to be followed if one has a problem with a firearm or drops ammunition, and any applicable range rules for the facility being used. What are the eight NRA safety rules to be followed when shooting and storing a pistol?

Lesson III Summary : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 89 Lesson III Summary You have all safely shot a target from the benchrest and two-handed standing positions. What are your questions? Take a break until 1:30pm. We’ll pick up with pistol cleaning, storage, and further training opportunities.

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 90 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol NorthWest Safety and Firearms Education Lesson IV Introduction to Pistol CleaningStorage, and Training Opportunities

Lesson IV: Pistol Cleaning, Storage, Training Opportunities : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 91 Lesson IV: Pistol Cleaning, Storage, Training Opportunities After completing this lesson, you should be able to: Identify the seven materials needed to clean a pistol Outline the three safety guidelines to be followed when cleaning a pistol. Explain and demonstrate how to clean a pistol safely.

Lesson IV: Pistol Cleaning, Storage, Training, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 92 Lesson IV: Pistol Cleaning, Storage, Training, cont. After completing this lesson, you should also be able to: Name the NRA rule for safe firearm storage, and discuss options for applying this rule when storing a pistol. Discuss the three hygienic guidelines following exposure to airborne particulate lead and cleaning solvent residue.

Lesson IV: Pistol Cleaning, Storage, Training, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 93 Lesson IV: Pistol Cleaning, Storage, Training, cont. After completing this lesson, you should also be able to: Discuss the benefits of receiving additional pistol training through the NRA Basic Firearm Training Program.

Pistol Cleaning : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 94 Pistol Cleaning Remember the rule “Be sure the gun is safe to operate”? Regular gun cleaning and proper storage is an important part of the upkeep of your pistol. A gun should be cleaned after every shooting session.

Pistol Cleaning Materials : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 95 Pistol Cleaning Materials Cloth patches Cleaning rod Soft cloth Cleaning rod attachments (tips, brushes) Small brush Bore cleaner Gun oil

Pistol Cleaning Safety : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 96 Pistol Cleaning Safety Ammunition must not be present in the area. The gun must be unloaded. The action must be open.

Pistol Cleaning Exercise : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 97 Pistol Cleaning Exercise Attach brush to cleaning rod and apply bore cleaner to brush Run brush through bore 8-10 times. Run wet patch (solvent) through bore. Run dry patch through bore. If the patch comes out dirty, repeat the above four steps until it comes out clean.

Pistol Cleaning Exercise, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 98 Pistol Cleaning Exercise, cont. Run lightly oiled patch through bore. Repeat the above steps for every chamber of a revolver. Use small brush and solvent to clean other parts of the gun. Wipe entire pistol with lightly oiled cloth.

Some Notes on Hygiene : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 99 Some Notes on Hygiene Refrain from eating, drinking, smoking, applying makeup, or otherwise placing your hands or fingers in near your mouth or nose while on the range or cleaning your gun. After leaving the range or cleaning a gun, wash your hands and face thoroughly (with cold water) before placing your hands or fingers near your mouth or nose.

Some Notes on Hygiene, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 100 Some Notes on Hygiene, cont. Change and wash clothing after a shooting or gun cleaning session so that exposure to airborne particulate lead or solvent residue may be further minimized. Even if you were only present and did not shoot, you should follow these guidelines.

Storing a Pistol : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 101 Storing a Pistol Remember the rule “Store guns so they are not accessible to unauthorized persons”? There is no universal solution for storage as each individual’s situation is unique.

Some Storage Options : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 102 Some Storage Options Trigger Locks Action Locks Padlocks Lockboxes Safes

Additional Pistol Shooting : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 103 Additional Pistol Shooting It is to your advantage to continue practicing your pistol shooting skills. The NRA offers additional training: NRA Basic Pistol Course NRA Personal Protection Course http://nwsafe.org/courses.html NWSAFE offers these courses from time to time.

Additional Pistol Shooting, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 104 Additional Pistol Shooting, cont. The NRA offers a Pistol Qualification program that is self-administered with progressively more challenging goals: Handgun qualification Oriented towards defensive shooting skills. Starts with a paper plate at 15 feet. Pistol qualification Oriented towards the competitive sport shooter. Ends with participation in a Bullseye match, with a minimum score.

The National Rifle Association : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 105 The National Rifle Association You have been provided a guide to the benefits of membership in the NRA. Members supported the development of the course you just took. The NRA is the largest international firearms training organization in the world, in both its public and police organizations.

Other Opportunities : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 106 Other Opportunities The are many opportunities to formally, and informally, compete with others which helps you improve your skills.

Lesson IV Summary : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 107 Lesson IV Summary What are the seven materials needed to clean a pistol? What three safety guidelines must be followed when cleaning a pistol? What three hygienic guidelines should be followed after exposure to airborne particulate lead or cleaning solvent residue?

Lesson IV Summary, cont. : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 108 Lesson IV Summary, cont. What is the NRA rule for safe storage of a gun? What additional training and practice opportunities are available from the NRA? What are your questions? What are your comments about this orientation?

NRA FIRST Steps Pistol : 

6/17/2009 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol 109 NRA FIRST Steps Pistol NorthWest Safety and Firearms Education Thank you! Be safe out there with your newpistol knowledge, skills, and attitude