B i o t e r r o r i s M : B i o t e r r o r i s M THE SICKENING TRUTH Slide 2: WHAT IS BIOTERROR? BIOTERRORISM IS : BIOTERRORISM IS Purposeful release of viruses, bacteria or other disease-causing agents in order to harm people, animals, or plants. WHY IS IT EFFECTIVE? It’s DIFFICULT TO DETECT It’s CAPABLE OF MASS DEVASTATION It can have ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS CLASSIFYING BIOTERROR AGENTS : CLASSIFYING BIOTERROR AGENTS CLASS A
High death rates and high health impact on the public
ANTHRAX, BOTULISM, SMALLPOX, TULAREMIA, PLAGUE
Moderately easy to spread
Some illness & death rates
TYPHUS, WATER SAFETY THREATS, SALMONELLA
Easily produced and spread
Have potential for high death & illness rates
NIPAH VIRUS Hey look, a llama! Never can be too careful… Slide 5: S m a l l p o x (Smallfont for smallpox!) CURE
There’s a vaccine, baby! SYMPTOMS
Flu symptoms, then you get pox – or red spots on the skin. BIOWEAPON USE
Can be carried by an infected person or sprayed in the air. --A deadly virus that is extremely contagious. Slide 6: A N T H R A X (No, not the band…) CURE
Some forms can be cured with antibiotics. SYMPTOMS
Blisters, stomachache, diarrhea – CAN BE FATAL, but not contagious. BIOWEAPON USE
Can be made into powder – don’t touch or inhale it!
Also, more effectively, it can be made into aerosol. --A bacterial disease rarely found in humans. Common in farm animals. Slide 7: S a l m o n e l l a (No, not a female fish…) CURE
Can be treated with antibiotics, but doesn’t need to. SYMPTOMS
Nausea, stomachache, vomiting diarrhea – RARELY fatal. BIOWEAPON USE
Easy to find, but hard to put in food
– they do it anyway. --A natural bacteria you can find in uncooked food like eggs. Slide 8: S A R I N (We can’t think of any more lame puns) CURE
There’s a treatment, but you have to take it FAST. SYMPTOMS
Runny nose, rapid heartbeat, weakness, paralysis. SMALL DOSES CAN BE DEADLY. BIOWEAPON USE
Chemists make liquid sarin.
It’s hard to make it in gas form, though. --A human-made chemical that attacks the nervous system. And now, for some victims...…… : And now, for some victims...…… NOT FOR THE FAINTHEARTED
(you can close your eyes) VICTIMS : VICTIMS SMALLPOX ANTHRAX Project Bioshield : Project Bioshield "We refuse to remain idle when modern technology might be turned against us. We will rally the great promise of American science and innovation to confront the greatest danger of our time.“
-Former President George W. Bush, at the signing of the Project Bioshield Act of 2004
Authorized spending of $5.6 billion over a span of 10 years in order to pay for vaccines and medical facilities in case of national biological emergency
Gave the National Institute of Health grants to pursue medical research & technology
Emergency Use Authorization – EUA – gave access to best medical responses in case of an emergency as declared by the Secretary of Human Healthy & Services OR Secretary of Homeland Security Technology At Work : Technology At Work Forensic teams work hard to identify biological agents, their origins and effects
Labs are working on advanced detection systems to detect early attacks, identify at-risk areas, and to give proper treatment
Biosurveillance: Real-Time-Outbreak Disease Surveillance system made its debut in 1999. This collects data from labs, hospitals, and environmental studies in order to detect bioterror attacks as early as possible. And now… : And now… Rachel will enlighten you
with some disturbing examples of
BIOTERRORISM IN HISTORY WARNING! : WARNING! We have just received word of a severe outbreak of Salmonella in the Plaistow area.
Investigations are taking place at a local bakery – please refrain from consuming store-purchased baked goods until further notice.
If ill, contact your physician immediately.