History of Catholic Sacraments

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By: sherley2011 (109 month(s) ago)

The power point presentation on the Sacraments is very informative. I like the way it is presented, historical and factual. I want to use it in my class. May I request to have a copy? Thank you very much and more power to you! If in case you will revise it in the future may I suggest that the graphics be improved?

By: aarmstrong (103 month(s) ago)

Hi All, I haven't taught this course / used this presentation in years and just now discovered everyone's comments! I changed the attributions. Feel free to share for educational purposes. I drew from Martos' "Doors to the Sacre," St. Mary's Press' "Celebrating the Sacraments," and Richard McBrien's "Catholicism."

 

By: Magister105 (116 month(s) ago)

I would love to have a copy of this presentation, if you don't mind. It is so nicely done and informative. Would you mind sending it to hayess@fatherryan.org? Thank you in advance.

By: aarmstrong (103 month(s) ago)

Hi All, I haven't taught this course / used this presentation in years and just now discovered everyone's comments! I changed the attributions. Feel free to share for educational purposes. I drew from Martos' "Doors to the Sacre," St. Mary's Press' "Celebrating the Sacraments," and Richard McBrien's "Catholicism."

 

By: srtessie (118 month(s) ago)

nice presentation and educational. Kindly send me a copy through my e-mail srtessieb@yahoo.com. Thanks for your generosity. God bless.

By: aarmstrong (103 month(s) ago)

Hi All, I haven't taught this course / used this presentation in years and just now discovered everyone's comments! I changed the attributions. Feel free to share for educational purposes. I drew from Martos' "Doors to the Sacre," St. Mary's Press' "Celebrating the Sacraments," and Richard McBrien's "Catholicism."

 

By: lyraalbacite (120 month(s) ago)

Nice and systematic presentation!!!

By: carthy_06 (137 month(s) ago)

aarstrong, peace and all good! may i request a copy of the presentation about the history of the sacraments you have uploaded here i find it useful and very informative... can you send me a copy of it on my email rheilou_11@yahoo.com thanks in advance.
carthy

By: aarmstrong (103 month(s) ago)

Hi All, I haven't taught this course / used this presentation in years and just now discovered everyone's comments! I changed the attributions. Feel free to share for educational purposes. I drew from Martos' "Doors to the Sacre," St. Mary's Press' "Celebrating the Sacraments," and Richard McBrien's "Catholicism."

 

Presentation Transcript

SACRAMENTS : 

SACRAMENTS Doorways to the Sacred

A BRIEF HISTORY OF CATHOLIC SACRAMENTS : 

A BRIEF HISTORY OF CATHOLIC SACRAMENTS

Phase One: Before 400 C.E. : 

Phase One: Before 400 C.E.

Early Christian communities: Prohibited, illegal : 

Early Christian communities: Prohibited, illegal Small, secret, underground groups practiced: Formal initiation (Baptism) Sharing Lord’s Supper (Eucharist) Laying on of hands (Anointing of the sick)

Slide 5: 

Catacomb of St. Sabastiano: Plaster fragments asking for prayers of the martyred apostles Peter and Paul.

Tertullian 210 CE : 

Tertullian 210 CE First used the Latin word “Sacramentum”

Constantine’s Conversion : 

Constantine’s Conversion

Phase 2: Dark Ages400 – 1000 CE : 

Phase 2: Dark Ages400 – 1000 CE

Roman Empire Falls: Political & cultural chaos : 

Roman Empire Falls: Political & cultural chaos

St. Augustine: : 

St. Augustine: “Administering & Receiving” Vs. “celebrating” or “participating” Broad view of what could be considered a sacrament: sign of the cross, Lord’s Prayer – almost anything!) Some were more important Sacrament of the WORD Sacraments of ACTIONS

A few developments in the Dark Ages : 

A few developments in the Dark Ages

Confirmation separated from Baptism : 

Confirmation separated from Baptism

Public Penance replaced byprivate confession : 

Public Penance replaced byprivate confession

Marriage came to be seen as a sacramentAnointing the sick?anointing of the dying : 

Marriage came to be seen as a sacramentAnointing the sick?anointing of the dying

High Middle Ages: 1000-1300 CE : 

High Middle Ages: 1000-1300 CE

7 sacraments made official : 

7 sacraments made official Rituals became standardized, formal, elaborate

Slide 17: 

Celebrated in elaborate, grand cathedrals

Thomas Aquinas : 

Thomas Aquinas Augustine wasn’t quite right. Sacraments aren’t just signs of sacred reality. They actually cause God’s grace to be brought about.

Correct Form : 

Correct Form

Literal Thinking Leads to Magical Thinking : 

Literal Thinking Leads to Magical Thinking Staring at the Communion host or crucifix guaranteed that a son would be born Touching relics of martyrs or saints assured miraculous healings Reciting certain prayers at proper times canceled punishment after death

Magical Thinking : 

Magical Thinking The American Heritage® Dictionary explains that hocus-pocus is, in part: Possibly from an alteration of Latin hoc est corpus (meum), this is (my) body – words used in the Eucharist at the time of transubstantiation

Slide 22: 

Following the right forms automatically guaranteed special graces Priests had lots of power, but were also often corrupt Overlooked the intent and sincerity of the person receiving the sacrament Magical Thinking

Making a donation to the church released a soul from purgatory : 

Making a donation to the church released a soul from purgatory

Superstition : 

Superstition suggests God’s power can be bought, bargained for, or manipulated Fails to distinguish magic from religion Not part of the church’s official teachings, but was still very widespread throughout Middle Ages Corruption of late 15th – early 16th centuries set stage for …

Martin Luther’s Protestant Reformation : 

Martin Luther’s Protestant Reformation (in 1517)

Phase Four:After the Council of Trent : 

Phase Four:After the Council of Trent

Council of Trent: 1545 - 1563 : 

Council of Trent: 1545 - 1563 Believed the church had become too casual about popular religions superstitions. Ideas about faith & grace were distorted Reaffirmed that grace cannot be bought through good works

50%+ of doctrinal teachings dealt with the sacraments! : 

50%+ of doctrinal teachings dealt with the sacraments! 2 main points: There are 7 – and only 7 – sacraments The Church approves a Scholastic understanding of these sacraments Aquinas’ theology: CAUSES of grace – independent of holiness of the minister or recipient necessary for salvation

Slide 29: 

NEW WAYS of thinking or talking about the sacraments. (NO NEW WAYS were permitted)

These changes defined Catholicism for the next 400 years –until Vatican II! : 

These changes defined Catholicism for the next 400 years –until Vatican II! No new ways of thinking or talking about the sacraments were permitted.

Phase Five:20th Century : 

Phase Five:20th Century

Fresh Air, Renewal, & Reclaiming the Past : 

Fresh Air, Renewal, & Reclaiming the Past

Keeping the Clear, Letting go of the Cloudy : 

Keeping the Clear, Letting go of the Cloudy wanted to reconnect with certain aspects of the Tradition – especially from early church – that had been de-emphasized over the centuries

Slide 34: 

Now that we’ve studied the historical development of the sacraments, we see that change and renewal are necessary and even natural!

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