Family Planning

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By: aryalovesu23 (59 month(s) ago)

family planning

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Family Planning : 

Family Planning

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The planning of when to have children,and the use of birth control and other techniques to implement such plans. Other techniques commonly used include sexuality education,prevention and management of sexually transmitted infections,pre-conception counseling and management, and infertility management

Significance

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Family planning is important for the health of the children and the mother and for the economic situation of the family. Having children less than two years apart or more than five years apart can have health consequences for the mother and her children, according to the United States Agency for International Development. The financial impact of having children includes the medical costs of a pregnancy and birth and the subsequent cost for raising children. Because parents have a responsibility to provide food, clothing, shelter and education for their children, family planning has a significant and long-term impact on a family's financial situation.

Types

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Family planning resources include sexuality education, contraceptives and natural family planning methods. Sex education can help with family planning by teaching adolescents and young adults how their reproductive systems work, myths and facts about pregnancy and birth control, and how to use contraceptives properly. Contraceptives can include barrier methods, such as condoms or diaphragm or hormonal birth control. Other options include intra-uterine devices (IUDs) or surgery (vasectomies or hysterectomies). Natural family planning methods teach women and their partners how to chart their fertile and infertile periods. Couples can abstain from sex or use a barrier method during fertile periods to prevent pregnancies or to space wanted pregnancies a couple years apart. Learning about a woman's fertile and infertile periods can also help a couple who is having difficulty conceiving achieve a wanted pregnancy.

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Prevention/Solution

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Even if an individual understands the importance of family planning, she may still face barriers. These barriers may include lack of information or lack of access to contraception or other family planning resources. The World Health Organization and other local and global organizations are seeking solutions to these problems by providing sexual education and free or inexpensive reproductive health care around the world. In the United States, Planned Parenthood locations around the country also aim to provide sex education and low-cost family planning services to uninsured and low-income patients.