Slide 1: CONTEXT CLUES
DORAL MIDDLE SCHOOL Concept mapWHAT ARE CONTEXT CLUES? : Concept mapWHAT ARE CONTEXT CLUES? Context
Clues How Do You Guess The Meaning Of An Unfamiliar Word? : How Do You Guess The Meaning Of An Unfamiliar Word? There are words or phrases around an unfamiliar word that can help you understand the meaning of a new word.
These words and phrases are called context clues.
If you learn how to use these clues, you can save yourself a trip to the dictionary, increase your vocabulary, and improve your reading comprehension. CONTEXT CLUES : CONTEXT CLUES THERE ARE DIFFERENT TYPES OF CONTEXT CLUES: Definition
Restatement or Synonym
Contrast or Antonym
List or Series
Cause and Effect
Description or Inference DEFINITION : DEFINITION The unknown word is equated to a more familiar word or phrase; usually a form of to be is used. EXAMPLES:
**Entomology is the study of insects.
**Archaeology is the scientific study of prehistoric cultures by excavation of their remains. RESTATEMENT ORSYNONYM : RESTATEMENT ORSYNONYM The meaning is usually right after the unfamiliar word and often separated from the rest of the sentence with commas, dashes, or parentheses; sometimes, or that is, or in other words is used. EXAMPLES:
*Meat eaters, that is carnivores, are at the top of
the food chain.
*The goslings--those fuzzy baby geese--waddled after their mother.
*She enjoyed biology (the study of living things). CONTRAST OR ANTONYM : CONTRAST OR ANTONYM The unfamiliar word is shown to be different from or unlike another word, and is often an opposite; but, however, although, otherwise, unless, instead, on the contrary, on the other hand, while, never, no, or not may be used to signal contrast. EXAMPLE:
*Mike’s parrot was loquacious, but Maria’s said very little. COMPARISON : COMPARISON The unfamiliar word is shown to be the same as or like another word; too, like, as, similar to, or in the same way may be used to signal the comparison. EXAMPLE:
*My brother is enthralled by birds similar
to the way that I am fascinated by
insects. EXAMPLE : EXAMPLE The unfamiliar word is cleared up by giving an example; for instance, such as, and for example may be used as signals. EXAMPLE:
*The archeologist found different amulets, such
as a rabbit’s foot and bags of herbs, near the
ancient altar. LIST OR SERIES : LIST OR SERIES The unfamiliar word is included in a
series of related words that give an
idea of the word’s meaning. EXAMPLE:
*North American predators include grizzly
bears, pumas, wolves, and foxes. CAUSE AND EFFECT : CAUSE AND EFFECT The meaning of an unfamiliar word
is signaled by a cause-and-effect
relationship between ideas in the
*Due to a dearth of termites, the aardvark
starved to death. DESCRIPTION ORINFERENCE : DESCRIPTION ORINFERENCE The meaning of an unfamiliar word
can be inferred from the description
of a situation or experience. EXAMPLE:
*The monkey’s vociferous chatter made
me wish I had earplugs. CONTEXT CLUES PRACTICE : CONTEXT CLUES PRACTICE Read each sentence or paragraph and circle
the correct answer. The archeologist carefully removed the tome from its ancient
resting and proceeded to read the pages related to marriage in
ancient Greece. What does the word tome probably mean?
a. Pen b. weapon c. book d. sausage The Navajo language is an unwritten language of extreme
complexity with no alphabet or symbols, and is spoken only on
the lands of the Navajo Nation in the American Southwest. During
World War II a Navajo code was created for the U.S. Navy. This
code was virtually undecipherable to anyone except Navajo
speaking persons. What does the word virtually probably mean?
a. Pleasant b. almost c. never d. always CONTEXT CLUES PRACTICE Cont. : CONTEXT CLUES PRACTICE Cont. 3. Lakes occupy less than two percent of the Earth’s surface, yet
they help sustain life. For instance, lakes give us fish to eat, irrigate
crops, and generate electrical power. What does the word sustain
a. support b. obstruct c. prolong d. destroy 4. The ancient Greeks pioneered many of the kinds of writing we
consider standard today. They wrote speeches, plays, poems,
books about science and learning, long histories of the things
that happened to them. What does the word pioneered probably
a. complicated b. developed c. destroyed d. explored CONTEXT CLUES PRACTICE Cont. : CONTEXT CLUES PRACTICE Cont. 5. Fifty-five mostly prominent, male delegates attended the Philadelphia Convention in 1787. About seventy-five percent of the delegates had served in Congress and others were important people in their home states. These men are often referred to as the Framers of the Constitution. What does the word prominent probably mean?
a. unimportant b. unknown c. common d. important 6. Bats that eat fruit and nectar spread seeds and help flowers
grow. Without bats many important plants would not thrive. What
does the word thrive probably mean?
a. flourish b. die c. wither d. deteriorate CONTEXT CLUESMORE PRACTICE : CONTEXT CLUESMORE PRACTICE Read the passage ARMADILLOS and
complete the chart: Word Definition Context Clue Type of
context clue THE END : THE END QUESTIONS?