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Edit Comment Close Premium member Presentation Transcript Slide 1: The Public Health Nurse Roles/Functions Competencies/Skills 1. Community Health Nursing Process 2. Epidemiology 2.1 Definition of Epidemiology 2.2 Uses of Epidemiology 2.3 The Epidemiological Test 2.4 Concepts on Multiple causation of disease Immunity: herd, etc. Slide 2: Public Health Nurse Roles and Functions Competencies and Skills Community Health Nursing Process The Public Health Nurse : The Public Health Nurse Public Health Nurse must be professionally qualified and licensed to practice in the area of public health nursing just like any other professional health worker. Professional competence is not the only requirement to fit into this practice. PHN must possess personal qualities and “people skill” that would allow her practice to make on difference in the lives of these people. Physical, mental and emotional strength will be needed; Leadership, resourcefulness, creativity, honesty and integrity will be tested. The Public Health Nurse : The Public Health Nurse PHN function are consistent with the Nursing Law 2002 and program policies formulated by the Department of Health and local government health agencies. They are related to management, supervision, provision of nursing care, collaboration and coordination, health promotion and education training The Public Health Nurse : The Public Health Nurse Different kinds of Roles and Functions: Management Function Supervisory function Nursing care function Collaborating and coordinating function Training function Research function The Public Health Nurse : The Public Health Nurse Public Health Nurse as function: Management Function - is inherit in her practice. The nurse, in whatever setting and role has been trained to load and manage. Objectives set for work being done can only be achieved through the execution of the 5 management function: Planning, Organizing, Staffing, Directing and Controlling. This performed when she organizes the “nursing service” of the local health agency The Public Health Nurse : The Public Health Nurse Public Health Nurse as function: Supervisory function - is the supervisor of the midwives and other auxiliary health workers in the catchment's area. This is an accordance with agency policies and in manner that improves performance and promotes job satisfaction. Supervisor formulates a supervisory plan and conducts supervisory visits to implement the plan. continuation The Public Health Nurse : The Public Health Nurse Public Health Nurse as function: Nursing care function - nursing care provision is an inherit function of the nurse. Her practice as a nurse is based on the science and art of caring in whatever setting she may be or role she may have, providing nursing care is at the heart of it. PHN is caring for individuals, families and communities toward health promotion and disease prevention. continuation The Public Health Nurse : The Public Health Nurse Public Health Nurse as function: Collaborating and coordinating function - it brings activities or group of activities systematically into proper relation or harmony with each other. PHN are the care coordinators for communities and their members. Actively both socially and politically to empower individuals, families and communities as an entity to initiate and maintain health promoting environments. continuation The Public Health Nurse : Public Health Nurse function: Training function - initiates the formation of staff development and training programs for midwives and other auxiliary workers. PHN also participates in the training of nursing and midwifery affiliates in coordination with the faculty of colleges of nursing and midwifery. Participates in teaching, guidance and supervision of student affiliates for their relates learning experiences in the community setting The Public Health Nurse continuation The Public Health Nurse : Public Health Nurse as function: Research function - Public heath nurse participates in the conduct of research and utilizes research findings in her practice. The Public Health Nurse continuation Community Health Nursing Process : Community Health Nursing Process Community health purposes and goals are realized through the application of a series of steps that lead to desired results. The nursing process is central to all nursing actions~ it is the very essence of nursing, applicable in any setting, in any frame of reference, and within any philosophy. Its uniqueness will depend on the best application of nursing and public health skills to family and community problems. Community Health Nursing Process : Community Health Nursing Process The nursing process is a systematic, scientific, dynamic, on-going interpersonal process in which the nurses and the clients are viewed as a system with each affecting the other and both being affected by the factors within the behavior. The process is a series of actions the lead toward a particular result. This process of decision-making results in the optimal health care for the clients. To whom the nurse applies the process. Slide 14: Assessment Planning Nursing Action Evaluation Care Services Rendered Implementation of Planned Care Individual Community Family Prioritize Needs Establish goal and based on needs & Capabilities of Staff Construct action and Operation plan Develop evaluation parameters Revise plan as needed Put Nursing Plan to action Coordinate care/services Utilize community resources Delegate Supervise/monitor health services provided Provided health education and training Document responses to Nursing action Nursing Audit Care Outcomes Performance Appraisal Estimate cost benefit ratio Assessment of problems Identify needed alterations Revise plans as necessary Demonstrate caring attitudes Initiate Contact Mutual trust & confidence Collect data from all possible sources Identify health problems. Assess coping ability Analyze and interpret data EPIDEMIOLOGY : EPIDEMIOLOGY EPIDEMIOLOGY : EPIDEMIOLOGY is the study of factors affecting the health and illness of populations, and serves as the foundation and logic of interventions made in the interest of public health and preventive medicine. It is considered a cornerstone methodology of public health research, and is highly regarded in evidence-based medicine for identifying risk factors for disease and determining optimal treatment approaches to clinical practice. EPIDEMIOLOGY : EPIDEMIOLOGY - is the study of occurrence and distribution of diseases as well as the distribution and determinant of health status/events in specified population, and the application of this study to the control of health problem -is the backbone of the prevention of the diseases EPIDEMIOLOGY : EPIDEMIOLOGY 2 Main Areas of Investigation are concerned in the definition -Study of the distribution of diseases and the search for the determinants (causes) of the diseases and it’s observed distribution 1st area describes the distribution of the ff: Health status in terms of AGE, GENDER, RACE, GEOGRAPHY, TIME and so might be considered in an expansion of the discipline of the demography to health and disease 2nd involves explanation of the pattern of disease distribution in terms of causal factors: - special contribution of epidemiology are its search for concordance between the known/suspected causes of the disease and the known patterns to investigate for possible causal role -heart disease, measles/accidents because each disease has the same element; the disease-determinants, the human population in which the disease occur, and the distribution of the diseases in the population. Uses of Epidemiology : Uses of Epidemiology Study the history of the health population and the rise and fall if diseases an changes in their character. Diagnose the health of the community and the condition of people to measure the distribution and dimension of illness in terms of incidence, prevalence, disability and mortality, to set health problems in perspective and to define their relative importance and to identify groups needing special attention. Study the work of health services with a view of improving them. Operational research shows how community expectations can result in the actual provisions of service. Estimate the risk of disease, accident, defects and the chances of avoiding them Uses of Epidemiology : Uses of Epidemiology Identify syndromes by describing the distribution and association of clinical phenomena in the population. Complete the clinical picture of chronic disease and describe their natural history. Search for causes of health and disease by comparing the experience of groups that are clearly defined by their composition, inheritance, experience, behavior and environments. You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.