From Technicians to Engineers : Challenges & Possibilities

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This talk highlights the challenges & possibilities for working adults who have missed the traditional route to become 'Engineers'.

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From “Technicians” to “Engineers” : The Challenges & Possibilities:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 1 From “ Technicians ” to “ Engineers ” : The Challenges & Possibilities Speaker: Dr Sam Man Keong , CEng, FIET, MICE, MIMMM, MIEAust, CPEng Honorary Secretary, Singapore Institute of Engineering Technologists (SIET) Email: sammk@singnet.com.sg

About the Facilitator : Sam Man Keong:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 2 About the Facilitator : Sam Man Keong A Self-directed Lifelong Learner for more than 40 years . Have gone through both non-traditional & traditional education routes. Chartered Engineer (UK/Ireland/Australia) Chartered Builder(UK) Chartered Environmentalist (UK) Chartered Mathematician(UK) Chartered Scientist(UK).

Outlines of Talk::

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 3 Outlines of Talk: Engineering Education in Singapore The Profession : Professional Characteristics The Engineering Profession Alternate Routes: Professional Exams; Engineering Degrees by Distance Education

Outlines of Talk::

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 4 Outlines of Talk: What are the Challenges for Working Adults? Professional Registration PE in Singapore PEng in UK CEng in UK 21 St Century Education Q & A

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ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 5

Back to Universities (1982 – 1983):

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 6 Back to Universities (1982 – 1983)

1985 : SOE – SIMMS Medal:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 7 1985 : SOE – SIMMS Medal

1994 : Cambodia – Mekong River:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 8 1994 : Cambodia – Mekong River

1995 – Vancouver, Canada.:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 9 1995 – Vancouver, Canada.

1998 – Cape Point, South Africa:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 10 1998 – Cape Point, South Africa

2002 : Lae, Papua New Guinea:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 11 2002 : Lae, Papua New Guinea

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ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 12 Ediyanto & Sam : Badminton in Suzhou, China - 2007

Photos from China:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 13 Photos from China

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ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 14 Engineering Education in Singapore Level of Training Training Institutes/Awards 1. Professional Engineers NUS/NTU : BEng NUS : BTech (PT) 2. Engineering Technologists 5 Polytechnics (SP; NP; TP; NYP; RP) : Diplomas; Advanced Diplomas BCA Academy : Diplomas 3. Engineering Technicians ITEs : Higher Nitec 4. Tradesmen ITEs : Nitec

The Profession : Professional Characteristics:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 15 The Profession : Professional Characteristics Recognition as a profession by society and by its practitioners. Education, knowledge, and skills in certain areas which exceed those of the general public. An attitude of service to the client and loyalty to the employer, respecting and protecting the confidences shared with them. Skills ≠ Competencies Competency is beyond skill !!

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ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 16 Skills refer to what you can do while competencies include skills and related characteristics and natural abilities such as industriousness, attitudes, and motivation . Source : Today’s Manager – Aug/Sept 2012, pp. 43

The Profession : Professional Characteristics:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 17 The Profession : Professional Characteristics Recognition by law . Recognition of the need to remain professionally competent by participation in organized societies and continuing education. Adherence to specific codes of ethical conduct .

The Engineering Profession:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 18 The Engineering Profession USA: ASCE (1852) IEEE (1963; IRE-1912; AIEE-1884) ASME (1880) UK : ICE (1818) IMechE (1847) IET (IEE – 1871; IIE – 1884)

The Engineering Profession:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 19 The Engineering Profession Malaysia: Institution of Engineers, Malaysia [ IEM ][Founded : 1959] Technological Association of Malaysia [ TAM ][Founded : 1946] Singapore: Institution of Engineers, Singapore [ IES ][Founded : 1966] Singapore Institute of Engineering Technologists [ SIET ][Founded: 1980]

American Society of Civil Engineers (USA):

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 20 American Society of Civil Engineers (USA) The American Society of Civil Engineers ( ASCE ) is a tax-exempt professional body founded in 1852 to represent members of the civil engineering profession worldwide. Based in Reston, Virginia it is the oldest national engineering society in the United States.

Institution of Civil Engineers (UK):

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 21 Institution of Civil Engineers (UK) Founded on 2 January 1818, the Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE) is an independent professional association , headquartered in central London, representing civil engineering . Like its early membership, the majority of its current members are British engineers, but it also has members in more than 150 countries around the world.

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ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 22 The Institution's headquarters at One Great George Street , London.

Institution of Mechanical Engineers (UK):

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 23 Institution of Mechanical Engineers (UK) The Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE) is an independent engineering society based in central London, representing mechanical engineers . It represents over 100,000 members in 139 countries in industries including rail, automotive, aerospace, manufacturing, energy, medicine and construction. It is licensed by the Engineering Council UK to assess candidates for inclusion on ECUK 's Register of professional Engineers.

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ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 24 IMechE’s HQ at One Birdcage Walk, London

Institution of Engineering and Technology (UK):

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 25 Institution of Engineering and Technology (UK) The Institution of Engineering and Technology ( IET ) is Europe's biggest professional society for those working in engineering and technology worldwide. It the second largest engineering institution in the world (the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers ( IEEE ), based in the USA, is the largest). The IET was formed in 2006 from two separate institutions: the Institution of Electrical Engineers (IEE), dating back to 1871, [1] and the Institution of Incorporated Engineers (IIE) dating back to 1884.

Institution of Engineers, Malaysia:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 26 Institution of Engineers, Malaysia It was formed in 1959 . The Institution is a qualifying body for professional engineers in Malaysia. IEM/BEM Graduate Exam : Part 1; Part 2; Part 3. Website: www.iem.org.my

Technological Association of Malaysia [TAM]:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 27 Technological Association of Malaysia [TAM] Originally established for ‘ Technical Assistants ’ from ‘KL Technical College’ – Now the ‘Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). [website : www.utm.my ] Website: www.tam.com.my

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ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 28 The Institution of Engineers, Singapore (IES) was formally established in July 1966 as the national society of engineers in Singapore. The Institution also maintains close links with professional organizations of engineers regionally and throughout the world. These include organizations in Australia, China, Japan, United Kingdom and the United States. The Institution also represents Singapore in the ASEAN Federation of Engineering Organisations (AFEO) in promoting goodwill and fellowship among all engineers in ASEAN.

Singapore Institute of Engineering Technologists [SIET]:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 29 Singapore Institute of Engineering Technologists [SIET] Originally established for ‘ Technologists ’ and ‘ Technicians ’ from Singapore Polytechnic, Ngee Ann Polytechnic & VITBs. SIET Professional Exams : Level 1(  AMSIET); Level 2(  MSIET); Level 3(  FSIET) Website : www.siet.org.sg

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ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 30 30 years with SIET 1980 1995 2010

Alternate Routes : Professional Exams:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 31 Alternate Routes : Professional Exams IEM/BEM Graduate Exams Part 1 (8 subjects)(First year of accredited First Degree standard) Part 2 (8 subjects)(Final year of an accredited First Degree standard) Part 3 (  Professional Assessment Exam) SIET Professional Exams Level 1 (8 subjects)(≈ ITE-Higher Nitec standard) Level 2 (8 subjects)(≈ Poly Diploma standard) Level 3 (6 subjects)(≈ Poly Advanced Diploma/BEngTech standard)

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ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 32 SIET Revised Professional Examinations (2012) ITE – Nitec or its equivalent ITE – Higher Nitec or its equivalent Polytechnic Diploma or its equivalent SIET – AM Exam [8 subjects] SIET – M Exam [8 subjects] SIET – F Exam [6 subjects] . Engineering Stream . Management Stream AMSIET, CertEA MSIET, CertET FSIET, CertTS MSPE, PEng(UK)

Alternate Routes : Engineering Degrees by Distance Education:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 33 Alternate Routes : Engineering Degrees by Distance Education Australia : University of Southern Queensland Associate Degree in Engineering Technology  CEngO Bachelor of Engineering Technology  CEngT Bachelor of Engineering  CPEng United Kingdom : Aston University – Engineering Council BSc(Professional Engineering)  IEng MSc(Professional Engineering)  CEng Email: msc_profeng@aston.ac.uk

What are the Challenges for working adults?:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 34 What are the Challenges for working adults? Lifelong learning Self-directed learning Continuing professional development (CPD) Globalization Mobility of Engineering Professionals : Technicians; Technologists; Engineers

Professional Registration:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 35 Professional Registration PE in Singapore FE Exam PE Exam : Report + Professional Interview PEng(UK) : The Society of Professional Engineers, UK. CEng(UK) : Engineering Council.

Professional Registration as PE in Singapore:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 36 Professional Registration as PE in Singapore 1 . Appropriate qualifications – Section 15(1); 2 . Appropriate experience – Section 15(2)(a); 3 . Sat and passed prescribed examinations – Section 15(2)(b); 4 . Good character and reputation – Section 15(4)(a); and 5 . Able to carry out the duties of a professional engineer effectively – Section 15(4)(b).

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ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 37 Pathways to become Professional Engineer in Singapore Approved Qualifications , e.g. BEng from NUS/NTU PEB – FE Exam Experience PEB – PE Exam . Summary of Postgraduate Professional Experience . Report on Postgraduate Engineering Experience . Professional Interview (PI) Professional Engineer (PE)

Professional Exams in Engineering in Singapore - PEB:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 38 Professional Exams in Engineering in Singapore - PEB Experience : Not less than FOUR years of practical experience after obtaining the approved qualifications . FEE: Part 1 : 3 hours; 40 Multiple Choice Questions. Part 2 : Civil (Answer 5 out of 9 questions); Electrical and Mechanical (Answer 5 out of 7 questions)

Professional Exams in Engineering in Singapore - PEB:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 39 Professional Exams in Engineering in Singapore - PEB PE Exam Summary of Postgraduate Professional Experience Report on Postgraduate Engineering Experience : 2,000 – 4,000 words. Professional Interview (PI): 10-minute presentation of one or more of his projects highlighted in his report. About 45 minutes : to determine the various competence elements .

Professional Interview for Registration as Professional Engineer - Singapore:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 40 Professional Interview for Registration as Professional Engineer - Singapore The Purpose of PI is to determine the following: 1 . The duration and adequacy of practical experience; 2 . The type, quality and relevance of practical engineering experience; 3 . The character and reputation ; and 4 . The ability to carry out the duties of a professional engineer effectively.

Professional Interview for Registration as Professional Engineer - Singapore:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 41 Professional Interview for Registration as Professional Engineer - Singapore The PI process comprises three components: 1 . review the Summary of Postgraduate Professional Experience; 2 . assessment of the Report on Postgraduate Engineering Experience; and 3 . attending the interview.

Professional Interview for Registration as Professional Engineer - Singapore:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 42 Professional Interview for Registration as Professional Engineer - Singapore The Professional Interview (PI): Applicant : 10 – minute presentation of one or more of his projects highlighted in his report. About 45 minutes : to discuss with the panel on his involvement in achieving the various competent elements as presented in his report; to answer questions on other aspects relating to his application and professional practice such as summary of postgraduate experience. Further information or clarification.

Criteria to become PEng(UK):

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 43 Criteria to become PEng(UK) Qualification : Min. 8 points; Max. 12 points Training & Experience : Min. 8 points; Max. 12 points. At least FOUR (4) years at ‘professional’ level. Total : at least 18 points. CV/Technical Report on Training & Experience + Professional Interview

PEng(UK) – Sample Seal & certificate:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 44 PEng(UK) – Sample Seal & certificate

Professional Registration as CEng(UK):

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 45 Professional Registration as CEng(UK) An Approved Qualification : Accredited MEng for CEng Training & Experience : At least FOUR (4) years at ‘professional’ level. Professional Review Report on Training & Experience + Professional Interview (PI)

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ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 46 Pathways to become Chartered Engineer [CEng]– ICE & IStructE EC Examinations An Accredited Degree in Engineering, .e.g.MEng; BEng(Hons) + MSc(Eng) Relevant Experience in Engineering IStructE- Chartered Membership Examination CEng, MIStructE Chartered Professional Review (CPR) CEng, MICE Initial Professional Development (IPD)

Professional Interview (PI) in General:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 47 Professional Interview (PI) in General At least 2 interviewers/assessors plus a Chairman/Chief Assessor. Five elements : A. Knowledge &Understanding. B. Application to Practice. C. Leadership, Management & Supervision. D. Interpersonal Skills. E. Professional Conduct .

CEng(UK) – Sample Seal & certificate:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 48 CEng(UK) – Sample Seal & certificate

21st Century Education [Source : www.centerforpubliceducation.org ][Date: 19/7/2012]:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 49 21 st Century Education [Source : www.centerforpubliceducation.org ][Date: 19/7/2012] The world is becoming more complex and demanding. Applied literacies and broader competencies are best taught within traditional disciplines instead of as separate subjects.

21st Century Education [Source : www.centerforpubliceducation.org ][Date: 19/7/2012]:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 50 21 st Century Education [Source : www.centerforpubliceducation.org ][Date: 19/7/2012] 1. Traditional academic knowledge and skills. Students will need strong math and English skills to succeed in work and life. A strong academic foundation is essential for success in postsecondary education and training, which itself is increasingly necessary for anyone who wants to earn a middle class wage.

21st Century Education [Source : www.centerforpubliceducation.org ][Date: 19/7/2012]:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 51 21 st Century Education [Source : www.centerforpubliceducation.org ][Date: 19/7/2012] 2. Real world application, or “applied literacies.” Literacy : the ability to apply their learning to meet real world challenges. That applies to all subjects, including English, math, science, and social studies.

21st Century Education [Source : www.centerforpubliceducation.org ][Date: 19/7/2012]:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 52 21 st Century Education [Source : www.centerforpubliceducation.org ][Date: 19/7/2012] 3. Broader competencies. Students who develop an even broader set of competencies will be at an increasing advantage in work and life. a. The ability solve new problems and think critically ; b. Strong interpersonal skills necessary for communication and collaboration; c. Creativity and intellectual flexibility ; and d. Self sufficiency , including the ability to learn new things when necessary.

21st Century Education [Source : www.centerforpubliceducation.org ][Date: 19/7/2012]:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 53 21 st Century Education [Source : www.centerforpubliceducation.org ][Date: 19/7/2012] Skills ≠ Competencies. Competency = Skill + related characteristics and natural abilities. [These attributes are assessed during the ‘Professional Interview (PI)’]

21st Century Education [Source : www.centerforpubliceducation.org ][Date: 19/7/2012]:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 54 21 st Century Education [Source : www.centerforpubliceducation.org ][Date: 19/7/2012] Interpersonal Skills ( Leadership and Teamwork ) Give one the power to interact effectively with others including the ability to communicate effectively both orally and in writing, to relate well to others and cooperate with them, to negotiate and manage conflicts, and to lead through persuasion.

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Questions & Answers:

ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 57 Questions & Answers Thank You Attitude is everything

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ASTA-Talk-Engineering-1Sept2012 58 每個人的生命都有盡頭,許多人往往在生命即將結束時, 才發現自己還有很多事沒有做,這實在是一種遺憾。 人生是一張單程車票,失去的便永遠不會再擁有。 千萬別把美好的生命浪費在等待上 , 把握現在,享受現在,才是最重要的。 把握現在 ‏ 1970 (KT – Johore)

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