Presentation on substance abuse

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Presentation on substance abuse:

Presentation on substance abuse Presented By: Indira karki PBBN 1 st year Roll no : 15

Stimulants :

Stimulants Stimulants are drugs , which excite the central nervous system . Acts on brain neurotransmitter ( dopamine and nor epinephrine) receptors to produce excitation , increased alertness, aggresiveness and decrease food intake

action:

action All stimulants work by increasing dopamine levels in the brain—dopamine is a brain chemical (or neurotransmitter) associated with pleasure, movement, and attention. The therapeutic effect of stimulants is achieved by slow and steady increases of dopamine, which are similar to the natural production of the chemical by the brain.

cont:

cont The doses prescribed by physicians start low and increase gradually until a therapeutic effect is reached. However, when taken in doses and routes other than those prescribed, stimulants can increase brain dopamine in a rapid and highly amplified manner—as do most other drugs of abuse—disrupting normal communication between brain cells, producing euphoria, and increasing the risk of addiction.

Commonly used stimulants:

Commonly used stimulants Amphetamines Cocaine Nicotine Inhalants or volatile solvents Caffeine

Amphetamines :

Amphetamines

PowerPoint Presentation:

Amphetamines are powerful CNS stimulants . These are extremely addicting and dangerous. They are white odourless , crystalline powder with bitter taste. They are supplied as loose or in the form of capsule and tablet. Commonly used amphetamines are Pemoline and methylphenidate.

:

People feel more confident and active when they take these drugs. They can think faster , cheerful and happy. Amphetamines commonly known as pep pills or diet pills. Route : Injection , oral form

Signs and symptom of intoxication:

Signs and symptom of intoxication Anxiety Aggressive Elation Seizure Tremor Irritabity Hallucination Chronic intoxication Pressure speech Hyperactive

PowerPoint Presentation:

Talkative tachycardia Cardiac failure Restlessness Insomnia psychosis

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