The Russian Revolution: The Russian Revolution The Russian Revolution: The Russian Revolution 1917 Overthrow of Tsar Nicholas II Soviet Bolsheviks take over Communism installed Causes of the Russian Revolution: Causes of the Russian Revolution Causes: Causes Russo – Japanese War Russia and Japan struggled for control of Korea Russia lost to Japan in 1905 Causes: Causes Landless peasantry Peasants, though free, could not afford their own land and had to work lands owned by the upper class. PowerPoint Presentation: Peasants overcrowded cities looking for work. PowerPoint Presentation: Russian peasants labor in broom-making sweatshop Causes: Causes Defeat / casualties of WWI WWI cost Russia nearly $22.3 billion 1.8 million soldiers died 1.5 million civilian deaths PowerPoint Presentation: Russian forces retreating following losses in WWI PowerPoint Presentation: Russian officer along w/ peasants watching an Austrian bombing. Causes: Causes Tsar Nicholas II Ignores calls for reform Continues to fight WWI despite Russian losses Under influence of Rasputin PowerPoint Presentation: Grigori Rasputin was a Russian peasant who mystically healed the Tsar’s son. PowerPoint Presentation: Rasputin convinces the Tsar to take personal control of Russia’s military The Tsar has no military experience and makes poor decisions PowerPoint Presentation: Because of Rasputin’s powerful influence, he is assassinated by Russian nobles. He is poisoned, shot, beaten and stabbed, and thrown into an icy river. It is believed a British SIS agent was involved in the assassination. Effects of the Russian Revolution: Effects of the Russian Revolution The Revolution: The Revolution Tsar Nicholas II is overthrown and arrested The Revolution: The Revolution Civil war in Russia Communist “Reds” vs. Royalist “Whites” Millions more die in Russia The Revolution: The Revolution Tsar Nicholas and his family are executed and their bodies burned with acid before being thrown down a mine shaft. The Revolution: The Revolution Vladimir Lenin Leads the Bolsheviks in a Communist take-over. New Economic Policy The Revolution: The Revolution New Economic Policy Restores some private ownership to farmers Farmers pay taxes in the form of crops The Revolution: The Revolution Designed to alleviate hunger / starvation in Russia Seen as a step back into Capitalism Ended in 1928 by Stalin The Revolution: The Revolution Joseph Stalin takes over Russian Communist Party in 1922.