ADHD Medications-powerpoint

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ADHD Medications- Benefits and Side Affects : 

ADHD Medications- Benefits and Side Affects Cherity Breazeale ENG-114-INW1

Center for Disease Control reports: : 

Center for Disease Control reports: 4.5 million children ages 5-17 in U.S. have been diagnosed with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) thru 2006.

Benefits of Medication : 

Benefits of Medication Studies show that 60% to 70% of children with ADHD show improvement in: Behavior Attention Learning when taking stimulant drugs.

Drug Classifications : 

Drug Classifications

Methylphenidate based Medications : 

Methylphenidate based Medications Ritalin SR, Concerta, Focalin, and Metadate are all stimulant drugs Over 200 studies show that these are effective in the majority of ADHD children.

Amphetamine based Medications : 

Amphetamine based Medications Adderall and Dexedrine are also stimulate drugs These drugs provide another option for those that don’t benefit from Methylphenidate based Medications or those who need an alternative for other reasons.

Non-Stimulant Drugs : 

Non-Stimulant Drugs Strattera is the only non-stimulant medication prescribed in the treatment of ADHD at this time.

Slide 10: 

Long-Acting- Ritalin SR Methylphenidate 6-8 hrs Metadate Methylphenidate 6-8 hrs Concerta Methylphenidate 10-12 hrs Short-Acting- Adderall Amphetamine 4-5 hrs Dexedrine Amphetamine 4-5 hrs Focalin Methylphenidate 3-4 hrs The stimulant drugs can again be classified as to whether they are long-acting or short-acting stimulants.

Side Affects – Stimulant Drugs : 

Side Affects – Stimulant Drugs Decreased appetite, stomach-ache or headache, difficulty falling asleep, jitteriness, or social withdrawal. 15% to 30% of children develop tics Rarely instances- serious heart problems have developed

Side Affects – Non-Stimulant Drug - Strattera : 

Side Affects – Non-Stimulant Drug - Strattera Mild Side Affects- Upset stomach, decreased appetite, nausea and dizziness, fatigue, and mood swings. Serious Side Affects- Liver damage and suicidal thoughts in children and teens.

Coping with Some Side Affects : 

Coping with Some Side Affects Decreased Appetite- give dose after breakfast so they eat better in morning. Serve large dinner in evening, when drug is wearing off. Stomach pain or upset- don’t give medication on empty stomach.

Coping with Some Side Affects Cont. : 

Coping with Some Side Affects Cont. Sleep problems- set regular bedtime routine that includes relaxing activities. Daytime Drowsiness- take drug at bedtime or divide the dose and give twice a day

Monitoring : 

Monitoring Regular exams are necessary to monitor vital signs, blood pressure and pulse, height, and even weight. In extreme cases an EKG may be ordered to monitor heart function. Periodic blood tests may be needed to check liver enzymes.

Conclusion : 

Conclusion There are an abundance of resources available to aide children suffering from ADHD. Our being knowledgeable about the options and the possible side affects are important.

References : 

References Davis, Jeanie Lerche. "Choosing the Right ADHD Medication for Your Child." WebMD - Better information. Better health.. N.p., 1 Oct. 2005. Web. 5 July 2012. <>. Karn, Katherine . "Tips to Reduce the Side Effects of ADHD Medications." Web MD- Better information. Better health. N.p., 4 Nov. 2011. Web. 5 July 2012. <>. Sears, William, and Lynda Thompson. The A.D.D. book: new understandings, new approaches to parenting your child. Boston: Little, Brown, 1998. Print. Steller, Nicole. "Top Ten Adhd Medications | LIVESTRONG.COM." LIVESTRONG.COM - Lose Weight & Get Fit with Diet, Nutrition & Fitness Tools | LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 July 2012. <>.

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