world population day and pakistan population

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World Population Day:

World Population Day Mohammad Shabih Haider 3 rd year MBBS

What is population?:

What is population? A population is all the organisms that belong to the same group or species and live in the same geographical area .

World Population:

World Population The world population is estimated by the United States Census Bureau to be 7.023 billion . The US Census Bureau estimates the 7 billion number was surpassed on 12 March 2012. According to a separate estimate by the United Nations, Earth’s population exceeded 7 billion in October 2011, a milestone that offers unprecedented challenges and opportunities to all.

World Population Day:

World Population Day World Population Day is an annual event, observed on July 11 , which seeks to raise awareness of global population issues. The event was established by the Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme in 1989.

Population Census Organization Pakistan:

Population Census Organization Pakistan Population Census Organization, an attached department of Statistics Division, is the official agency of Federal Government which is responsible for planning and execution of decennial Population and Housing Census and release of its data for public and private use. Population Census Organization process and disseminate data in the form of regular census reports and a number of supplementary reports based on analysis and research of demographic data.

What is overpopulation?:

What is overpopulation? Excessive population of an area to the point of overcrowding, depletion of natural resources, or environmental deterioration. It is a major problem of developing third world countries. Pakistan has 2.54 percent of the world´s total population which means that one person in every 39 people on the planet is a resident of Pakistan ..

Causes of over population in Pakistan:

Causes of over population in Pakistan Lack of education High birth rate Desire for male child Early marriages


POPULATION CONTROL Human population control is the practice of artificially altering the rate of growth of a human population. Historically, human population control has been implemented by limiting the population's birth rate , usually by government mandate, and has been undertaken as a response to factors including high or increasing levels of poverty , environmental concerns , religious reasons , and overpopulation .

Methods of population control:

Methods of population control contraception abstinence reducing infant mortality so that parents do not increase their family size to ensure at least some survive to adulthood. abortion infanticide emigration decreasing immigration sterilization


ONE CHILD POLICY IN CHINA The most significant modern population control system is China's one-child policy, in which, with various exceptions, having more than one child is discouraged. Unauthorized births are punished by fines, although there have also been allegations of illegal forced abortions and forced sterilization. The Chinese government introduced the policy in 1978 to alleviate the social and environmental problems of China. According to government officials, the policy has helped prevent 400 million births.

Reasons for its failure:

Reasons for its failure In 2010, it was announced that the majority of the citizens initially subject to the policy are no longer of reproductive age and it has been speculated that many citizens simply disregard or violate the policy in more recent years. The deputy director of the Commission stated that the policy would remain unaltered until at least 2015. In March 2011, the Chinese government reviewed the policy and expressed considerations to allow for couples to have a second child. he US State Department, the Parliament of the United Kingdom,and the human rights organization Amnesty International have all declared that China's family planning programs contribute to infanticide.

METHODS OF POPULATION CONTROL IN PAKISTAN according to Population Census Organization of Pakistan:

METHODS OF POPULATION CONTROL IN PAKISTAN according to Population Census Organization of Pakistan

Effects of overpopulation:

Effects of overpopulation Poverty Inflation Lack of employment Opportunity Rising levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide Global warming Pollution increased demand for resources such as fresh water and food starvation and malnutrition consumption of natural resources faster than the rate of regeneration (such as fossil fuel)


CONCLUSION Hence, it is concluded that over population is a threat for the stability and strengthening of any nation. So steps should be taken to aware the people that if the families will be small than they can enjoy their lives with all the facilities and the next coming generation will be healthy and organized due to the proper attention of parents. Education should be promoted in small villages and towns. Importance and advantages of small family should be promoted in the newly married couples and the girls who are about to get married, because women health is also affected with more children.

PowerPoint Presentation:

So for a healthy family, healthy mother and progressive society, population control is the most important aspect.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Thank You

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