Terrorism in India by Muskan Garg

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Terrorism in India:

Terrorism in India Submitted to Pooja Chawla Submitted by : Muskan Garg

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Terrorism in India is primarily attributable to religious communities and Naxalite radical movements. [ citation needed ] The regions with long term terrorist activities today are Jammu and Kashmir , Mumbai , Central India ( Naxalism ) and the Seven Sister States (independence and autonomy movements). As of 2006, at least 232 of the country’s 608 districts were afflicted, at differing intensities, by various insurgent and terrorist movements. [1] In August 2008, National Security Advisor M K Narayanan has said that there are as many as 800 terrorist cells operating in the country. [2] Mumbai 12 March 1993 - Series of 13 bombs go off, killing 257 6 December 2002 - Bomb goes off in a bus in Ghatkopar , killing 2 27 January 2003 - Bomb goes off on a bicycle in Vile Parle, killing 1 14 March 2003 - Bomb goes off in a train in Mulund , killing 10 28 July 2003 - Bomb goes off in a bus in Ghatkopar , killing 4 25 August 2003 - Two Bombs go off in cars near the Gateway of India and Zaveri Bazaar, killing 50 11 July 2006 - Series of seven bombs go off in trains, killing 209 26 November 2008 to 29 November 2008 - Coordinated series of attacks, killing at least 172 . 13 July 2011 - Three coordinated bomb explosions at different locations, killing 26

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New Delhi 2011 High court bombing Main article: 2011_Delhi_bombing The 2011 Delhi bombing took place in the Indian capital Delhi on Wednesday, 7 September 2011 at 10:14 local time outside Gate No. 5 of the Delhi High Court, where a suspected briefcase bomb was planted.[5] The blast killed 12 people and injured 76. 2007 Delhi security summit Main article: 2007 Delhi security summit The Delhi summit on security took place on 14 February 2007 with the foreign ministers of China , India , and Russia meeting in Hyderabad House , Delhi , India, to discuss terrorism , drug trafficking , reform of the United Nations , and the security situations in Afghanistan , Iran , Iraq , and North Korea . [3][4] 2005 Delhi bombings Main article: 29 October 2005 Delhi bombings Three explosions went off in the Indian capital of New Delhi on 29 October 2005, which killed more than 60 people and injured at least 200 others. The high number of casualties made the bombings the deadliest attack in India in 2005 . It was followed by 5 bomb blasts on 13 September 2008. 2001 Attack on Indian parliament Terrorists on 13 December 2001 attacked the Parliament of India , resulting in a 45-minute gun battle in which 9 policemen and parliament staff were killed. All five terrorists were also killed by the security forces and were identified as Pakistani nationals. The attack took place around 11:40 am (IST), minutes after both Houses of Parliament had adjourned for the day. The suspected terrorists dressed in commando fatigues entered Parliament in a car through the VIP gate of the building.

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Assam After Nagaland , Assam is the most volatile state in the region. Beginning in 1979, the indigenous people of Assam demanded that the illegal immigrants who had emigrated from Bangladesh to Assam be detected and deported. The movement led by All Assam Students Union began non-violently with satyagraha , boycotts, picketing, and courting arrests. Those protesting frequently came under police action. In 1983 an election was conducted, which was opposed by the movement leaders. The election led to widespread violence. The movement finally ended after the movement leaders signed an agreement (called the Assam Accord ) with the central government on 15 August 1985. Under the provisions of this accord, anyone who entered the state illegally between January 1966 and March 1971 was allowed to remain but was disenfranchised for ten years, while those who entered after 1971 faced expulsion. A November 1985 amendment to the Indian citizenship law allows non-citizens who entered Assam between 1961 and 1971 to have all the rights of citizenship except the right to vote for a period of ten years. Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA). Formed in 1979, the ULFA has two main goals: the independence of Assam and the establishment of a socialist government. The ULFA has carried out several terrorist attacks in the region targeting the Indian Military and non-combatants. The group assassinates political opponents, attacks police and other security forces, blasts railroad tracks, and attacks other infrastructure facilities. The ULFA is believed to have strong links with the Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) , Maoists , and the Naxalites . It is also believed that they carry out most of their operations from the Kingdom of Bhutan . Because of ULFA's increased visibility, the Indian government outlawed the group in 1986 and declared Assam a troubled area. Under pressure from New Delhi , Bhutan carried a massive operation to drive out the ULFA militants from its territory. Backed by the Indian Army , Thimphu was successful in killing more than a thousand terrorists and extraditing many more to India while sustaining only 120 casualties. The Indian military undertook several successful operations aimed at countering future ULFA terrorist attacks, but the ULFA continues to be active in the region. In 2004, the ULFA targeted a public school in Assam , killing 19 children and 5 adults.

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