group 4 treasure hunt

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OUR group TREASURE hunt...EnjOy siR...=)

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Group 4 : 

Group 4 1-Mapagmalasakit Treasure Hunt

1. Do children have rights? : 

1. Do children have rights? Children’s rights Children are young human beings. Some children are very young human beings. As human beings children evidently have a certain moral status. There are things that should not be done to them for the simple reason that they are human. At the same time children are different from adult human beings and it seems reasonable to think that there are things children may not do that adults are permitted to do. In the majority of jurisdictions, for instance, children are not allowed to vote, to marry, to buy alcohol, to have sex, or to engage in paid employment. What makes children a special case for philosophical consideration is this combination of their humanity and their youth, or, more exactly, what is thought to be associated with their youth. One very obvious way in which the question of what children are entitled to do or to be or to have is raised is by asking, Do children have rights? If so, do they have all the rights that adults have and do they have rights that adults do not have? If they do not have rights how do we ensure that they are treated in the morally right way? Most jurisdictions accord children legal rights.

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Most countries—though not the United States of America—are also signatories of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child which was first adopted in 1989. The Convention accords to children a wide range of rights including, most centrally, the right to have their ‘best interests’ be ‘a primary consideration’ in all actions concerning them (Article 3), the ‘inherent right to life’ (Article 6), and the right of a child “who is capable of forming his or her own views … to express these views freely in all matters affecting the child” (Article 12) (United Nations 1989). However it is normal to distinguish between ‘positive’ rights, those that are recognized in law, and ‘moral’ rights, those that are recognized by some moral theory. That children have ‘positive’ rights does not then settle the question of whether they do or should have moral rights. Indeed the idea of children as rights holders has been subject to different kinds of philosophical criticism at the same time there has been philosophical consideration of what kinds of rights children have if they do have any rights at all. The various debates shed light on both the nature and value of rights, and on the moral status of children.

2. If children have rights, what are some of the rights that they have? : 

2. If children have rights, what are some of the rights that they have? The Right to Love and Be Loved The Right to Receive Quality Care form Responsible Parents The Right to Individual, National and Cultural Identity The Right to Adequate Nutrition, Housing and Medical Care The Right to Free Education The Right to Enjoy, Play, and Recreation without Fear The Right to Protection from Hunger Neglect, Abuse and Exploitation The Right to Special Care, if Handicapped The Right to Live in Peace, with Freedom and Dignity The Right to Grow up in and Inherit a Healthy Environment The Opportunity to be a Useful Member of Society The Opportunity to Develop Abilities, Individual Judgment and a Sense of Moral and Social Responsibility The Opportunity to Enjoy these Rights without regard to Cultural Identity, Race Creed or Nationality

3. Why is protecting the rights of children important? : 

3. Why is protecting the rights of children important? Convention on the rights of children UNICEF’s mission is to advocate for the protection of children’s rights, to help meet their basic needs and to expand their opportunities to reach their full potential. UNICEF is guided in doing this by the provisions and principles of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Built on varied legal systems and cultural traditions, the Convention is a universally agreed set of non-negotiable standards and obligations. These basic standards—also called human rights—set minimum entitlements and freedoms that should be respected by governments. They are founded on respect for the dignity and worth of each individual, regardless of race, colour, gender, language, religion, opinions, origins, wealth, birth status or ability and therefore apply to every human being everywhere. With these rights comes the obligation on both governments and individuals not to infringe on the parallel rights of others. These standards are both interdependent and indivisible; we cannot ensure some rights without—or at the expense of—other rights. A legally binding instrument The Convention on the Rights of the Child is the first legally binding international instrument to incorporate the full range of human rights—civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights. In 1989, world leaders decided that children needed a special convention just for them because people under 18 years old often need special care and protection that adults do not. The leaders also wanted to make sure that the world recognized that children have human rights too.

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The Convention sets out these rights in 54 articles and two Optional Protocols. It spells out the basic human rights that children everywhere have: the right to survival; to develop to the fullest; to protection from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation; and to participate fully in family, cultural and social life. The four core principles of the Convention are non-discrimination; devotion to the best interests of the child; the right to life, survival and development; and respect for the views of the child. Every right spelled out in the Convention is inherent to the human dignity and harmonious development of every child. The Convention protects children's rights by setting standards in health care; education; and legal, civil and social services. By agreeing to undertake the obligations of the Convention (by ratifying or acceding to it), national governments have committed themselves to protecting and ensuring children's rights and they have agreed to hold themselves accountable for this commitment before the international community. States parties to the Convention are obliged to develop and undertake all actions and policies in the light of the best interests of the child.

4. Are these rights violated? What are some of violations to these rights? : 

4. Are these rights violated? What are some of violations to these rights? Children’s rights Violations of children's rights were all too common in 2001. Children were beaten and tortured by police, forced to work long hours under hazardous conditions, or warehoused in detention centers and orphanages. Millions crossed international borders in search of safety or were displaced within their own countries. Hundreds of thousands served as soldiers in armed conflicts. In documenting human rights abuses, Human Rights Watch has traditionally focused its efforts on monitoring state compliance with civil and political rights. But the denial of economic and social rights, such as the right to education, health, or shelter, often bars individuals from the effective enjoyment of their civil and political rights. Children are especially vulnerable to this dynamic. They frequently do not benefit from the progressive realization of economic and social rights--to the contrary, they often suffer discrimination in basic education, health care, and other services. In particular, girls are often subjected to intentionally discriminatory treatment or disproportionately affected by abuses. The deprivation of these fundamental rights prevents children from realizing their full potential later in life. With limited capacity to participate as equals in civil society, they are ill-equipped as adults to defend their rights and to secure these rights for their own children.

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In recognition of these facts, Human Rights Watch examined children's access to education, focusing on violence and discriminatory treatment in schools--often at the hands of other students with official acquiescence or encouragement, in extreme cases perpetrated by teachers and other staff members. We also began to examine the devastating effect of the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) pandemic on children around the world. At the same time, we continued to monitor the human rights abuses suffered by child soldiers, children in conflict with the law, children who were refugees, migrants, stateless, or deprived of the benefits of citizenship, and children who labored under hazardous conditions. Effective remedies for these children must include a reaffirmation of their civil and political rights. No girl or boy should be made a child soldier or a bonded laborer. No child should be excluded from school because of her caste, color, religion, or gender. At the same time, real protection from such abuses requires measures to ensure that children enjoy access to education and health services and protection for their other economic and social rights.

5. Who are the usual violators of children’s rights? : 

5. Who are the usual violators of children’s rights? The betrayal Almost all governments pay lip service to children's rights, but most fail to live up to their words. Children suffer many of the same human rights abuses as adults, but are often targeted because they are dependent and vulnerable or because children are not seen as individuals with their own rights. Children are tortured and ill-treated by state officials, detained in appalling conditions, and sentenced to death. Countless thousands are killed and maimed in armed conflicts. Millions are forced by poverty or abuse to live on the streets where they are vulnerable to abuse. Millions more work at exploitative or hazardous jobs or are victims of child trafficking and forced prostitution. Discriminatory attitudes and practices mean girl children suffer gender-specific abuses, such as female genital mutilation, and are particularly vulnerable to other forms of abuse, including rape.

6. What are the possible effects of these violations to the child? : 

6. What are the possible effects of these violations to the child? Children’s rights violations at cook country juvy

7. How aware are children around the world about their rights ? : 

7. How aware are children around the world about their rights ? Children and armed conflict DRC - Serious violations of children's rights with impunity continues June 26 2006 - Pursuant to resolution 1612 (2005) establishing a monitoring and reporting mechanism, to the Security Council Working Group on Children Affected by Armed Conflict examines the report of the Secretary General on the situation in the Democratic Republic of Congo - DRC - (S/2006/389) Serious violations of children's rights with impunity continues in the Democratic Republic of Congo June 26 2006 - Pursuant to resolution 1612 (2005) establishing a monitoring and reporting mechanism, to the Security Council Working Group on Children Affected by Armed Conflict examines the report of the Secretary General on the situation in the Democratic Republic of Congo - DRC - (S/2006/389)

Slide 12: 

In his report covering the period from July 2005 to May 2006, the Secretary General notes that serious violations of children's rights are continuing with impunity. These violations -- which have been reported in Katanga, Ituri and North Kivu Provinces - include the recruitment and use of children in armed forces and groups, abduction, sexual violence, killing, maiming, and attacks on schools. The perpetrators engaged in these violations are mainly Mai-Mai groups, elements with links to the Forces démocratiques de libération du Rwanda (FDLR) as well as non-aligned groups such as the coalition of the Mouvement révolutionnaire congolais (MRC) and the dissident General Laurent Nkunda. The report also blames members of Congolese security forces including the police and the army.

Slide 13: 

At the country level, however, a significant reduction in the recruitment and use of children has occurred over the past 12 months. According to official figures, 18,524 children have been released from armed forces and groups through official processes, including 2,880 girls (15.5%). Thousands more have escaped from fighting forces on their own and are discreetly returning to civilian life. This positive trend is due to a combination of factors such as the implementation of the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration program for children, the army integration process as well as the constant decrease in the number of active fighting zones. The persistent lobbying by child protection networks against recruitment of children and the progress made by the DRC judicial and military authorities in the fight against impunity are also playing a major role. Nevertheless, these children remain vulnerable to new threats and harassments, including re-recruitment. Girls are predominant in this latter category, as many of them would face extreme forms of social exclusion if identified as having been associated with armed groups and forces. Girls are also the main victims of rape, which the International Criminal Court (ICC) qualifies as a crime against humanity. More than 30,000 survivors of sexual violence have been identified in the DRC since the middle of 2005. Yet, 70 per cent of them are benefiting from some form of assistance thanks to a multi-agency and multi-sectoral initiative led by UN agencies.

Slide 14: 

In his recommendations, the Secretary General reaffirms the complementary nature of the jurisdiction of the ICC in the DRC, and the primary responsibility of the Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo to bring perpetrators of serious crimes against children to justice. "I strongly urge all stakeholders to take all necessary actions for the complete and unconditional release of children still present in the armed forces of the DRC and in armed groups operating in that country, with particular attention to dissident General Laurent Nkunda, who has totally disregarded previous decisions of the Security Council", he underlines. In addition, the Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict, Ms. Coomarawamy will lead a mission to the Democratic Republic of the Congo in the near future. This visit aims to help highlight the need to mainstream child protection into the transition and post-transition priorities of the Government of the DRC and its United Nations and civil society partners.

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