Information Cycle

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Welcome to Evansdale Library!:

Welcome to Evansdale Library! Noël Kopriva Agriculture, Natural Resources, & Design Librarian 304.293.9747 Noel.Kopriva@mail.wvu.edu

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The Science Information Cycle Researcher has an idea Researcher articulates idea in a thesis Researcher designs experiment to test thesis Researcher conducts experiment and collects data Researcher publishes a paper on results The popular media summarizes results Someone reads it (and quotes it) Adapted, with permission, from Linda Blake’s Biology 115 LibGuide, located at http://libguides.wvu.edu/biology115 .

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The Science Information Cycle Researcher has an idea Does hormone replacement therapy increase the risk for breast cancer? Women’s Health Initiative designs study WHI conducts study on trial group of over 16,000 women Paper published in Journal of the American Medical Association Results reported on news, Internet, magazines. CQ Researcher article discusses it. Someone reads it (and quotes it) Adapted, with permission, from Linda Blake’s Biology 115 LibGuide, located at http://libguides.wvu.edu/biology115 .

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Scholarly journals vs. popular magazines…

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Nobody wins with this approach Students avoid generally reliable “popular” resources that they might prefer to use and their citation style is not appropriate or correct Students use scholarly articles they don’t understand and their citation style is not appropriate or correct Student miss out on using scholarly articles they DO understand

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Are written by professors or researchers (look for a university or laboratory affiliation in the article) Articles in scholarly journals Have abstracts and reference lists Have a specialized format (often consisting of an introduction, methodology, results, discussion, and conclusions) Use discipline-specific language The rose flower phenolic compounds, especially anthocyanic pigments, have been extensively studied … Materials and Methods Section Abstract Biotechnical Faculty, Agronomy Department

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Are written by journalists Articles in Popular Magazines Don't use Methods, Discussions, and Results sections Use language understandable by the general public Have taglines instead of abstracts

Both kinds of sources are reliable when::

Both kinds of sources are reliable when: They are appropriate to the assignment or research project They are carefully evaluated and chosen using guidelines such as CRAAP* or RADCAB* The researcher integrates them into their paper or research project according to professional standards The researcher cites them professionally and ethically CRAAP = Currency, Relevance, Accuracy, Authoritative, Purpose RADCAB = Relevancy, Appropriateness, Detail, Currency, Authority, Bias

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