Diet and Nutrition


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Diet and Nutrition :

Diet and Nutrition For Young Adults

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Infants and Preschool children (%) Low birth weight 22 # Kwashiorkor/Marasmus <1 # Bitot’s spots <1-2 Iron deficiency anaemia (6 -59 months) 70.0 # Underweight (weight for age)* (<5 years) 42.6 # Stunting (height for age)* (<5 years) 48.7 # Wasting (weight for height)* 19.0 Childhood Overweight/ Obesity 6-30

Chronic Energy Deficiency (BMI <18.5):

Chronic Energy Deficiency (BMI <18.5) # Rural Adults Anaemia (%) Men 33.2 # Women (NPNL) 75.2 Women 36.0 # Pregnant women 74.6 # Tribal Adults Men 40.0 Women 49.0

Prevalence of chronic diseases Over weight/obesity4 (BMI>25) (%):

Prevalence of chronic diseases Over weight/obesity4 (BMI>25) (%) Rural Adults: Men 7.8, Women 10.9 Tribal Adults: Men 3.2 , Women 2.4 Urban Adults: Men 36.0, Women 40.0 Hypertension: Urban 16.5 ; # Rural 25.0 Men 25.0, Women 24.0 Tribal 24.0 Men 25.0, Women 23.0

Other diseases with BMI > 25:

Other diseases with BMI > 25 Diabetes Mellitus (%) (year 2006) Urban 16.0 # Rural 5.0 Cancer incidence Rate10 (Per 100,000) Men 113 Women 123 Coronary Heart Disease9 (%) Urban 7-9 # Rural 3-5


DIETARY GOALS 1. Maintenance of a state of positive health and optimal performance in populations at large by maintaining ideal body weight. 2. Ensurement of adequate nutritional status for pregnant women and lactating mothers. 3. Improvement of birth weights and promotion of growth of infants, children and adolescents to achieve their full genetic potential.


DIETARY GOALS 4. Achievement of adequacy in all nutrients and prevention of deficiency diseases. 5. Prevention of chronic diet-related disorders. 6. Maintenance of the health of the elderly and increase the life expectancy.


DIETARY GUIDELINES 1. Eat variety of foods to ensure a balanced diet 2. Ensure provision of extra food and healthcare to pregnant and lactating women. 3. Promote exclusive breastfeeding for six months and encourage breastfeeding till two years. 4. Feed home based semi solid foods to the infant after six months.


DIETARY GUIDELINES (contd.) 5. Ensure adequate and appropriate diets for children and adolescents both in health and sickness. 6. Eat plenty of vegetables and fruits. 7. Ensure moderate use of edible oils and animal foods and very less use of ghee/ butter/ vanaspati. 8. Overeating should be avoided to prevent overweight and obesity.


DIETARY GUIDELINES (contd.) 9. Exercise regularly and be physically active to maintain ideal body weight. 10. Use salt in moderation/ Restrict salt intake to minimum. 11. Ensure the use of safe and clean foods. 12. Practice right cooking methods and healthy eating habits. 13. Drink plenty of water and take beverages in moderation.


DIETARY GUIDELINES (contd.) 14. Minimize the use of processed foods rich in salt, sugar and fats. 15. Include micronutrient rich foods in the diets of elderly people to enable them to be fit and active. 16. Eat plenty of vegetables and fruits.

PowerPoint Presentation:

A Nutritionally adequate Diet should Be consumed through a wise choice from a variety of foods. Principle of Nutrition

Essence of Nutrition:

Essence of Nutrition Nutrition is a basic prerequisite to sustain life. Variety in food is not only the spice of life but also the essence of nutrition and health. A diet consisting of foods from several food groups provides all the required nutrients in proper amounts. Diversified diets with a judicious choice from a variety food groups provide the necessary nutrients.

Essence of Nutrition (contd.):

Essence of Nutrition (contd.) Cereals, millets and pulses are major sources of most nutrients. Milk which provides good quality proteins and calcium must be an essential item of the diet, particularly for infants, children and women. Oils and nuts are calorie-rich foods, and are useful for increasing the energy density.

Essence of Nutrition (contd.):

Essence of Nutrition (contd.) Inclusion of eggs, flesh foods and fish enhances the quality of diet. However, vegetarians can derive almost all the nutrients from diets consisting of cereals, pulses, vegetables, fruits and milk-based diets. Vegetables and fruits provide protective substances such as vitamins/ minerals/ phytonutrients.


BALANCED DIET FOR AD For growth spurt, maturation and bone development. Body building and protective foods. For growth, development and to fight infections. Energy-rich, body building and protective foods (milk, vegetables and fruits). For growth and appropriate milestones. Breastmilk, energy-rich foods (fats, Sugar). 18

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For being physically active and healthy. Nutrient- dense low fat foods. For maintaining health, productivity and prevention of diet-related disease and to support pregnancy/lactation. Nutritionally adequate diet with extra food for child bearing/rearing

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Food Pyramid

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Acidic Acidic and fatty CHO rich Balanced

Theme Messages:

Theme Messages Exercise Regularly and Be Physically Active No Junk food No Fatty Food Lots of vegetables, moderate amount of CHO, very Little fat No to alcohol, smoking Get up and walk in between work Good undisturbed sleep in the night

For Growth:

For Growth Protein rich: Eggs, milk

To avoid for Kidney stones:

To avoid for Kidney stones 1. Palak 2. Tomato 3. ChowChow 4. Black grapes 5. Cauliflower 6. Cashew nuts, Cucumber (kakdi) 7. Amla & Chikoo 8. Pumpkin, Mushroom 9. Milk Products 10. Brinjal Very hot food or drinks is also bad.

Protective Against kidney stones:

Protective Against kidney stones 1. Water - 3 liters a day 2.Coconut water 3.Barley 4.Pineapple juice 5.Bananas 6. Almonds (badam) 7.Lemon 8. Horse gram (Kulta Dal) 9. Carrot 10. Karela

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