OBJECTIVES : OBJECTIVES Identifying major and minor terrain features
Using a Compass
How to use a protractor
How to plot a grid azimuth
Navigating past an obstacle
What is a map? : What is a map? A geographic representation of a portion of the earths surface drawn to scale as seen from above.
Types of Maps : Types of Maps Planimetric
Topographic Map : Topographic Map Portrays terrain features in a measurable way, as the horizontal positions of the features represented .Vertical positions, or relief, are normally represented by contour lines on military topographic maps.
Colors Used On a Map : Colors Used On a Map Black-cultural (man-made) features such as buildings and roads.
Red Brown-combined to identify cultural features such as contour lines on red-light readable maps.
Blue-bodies of water, lakes, swamps, rivers, and drainage.
Green-earths vegetation, woods, vineyards
Red-populated areas, main roads, boundaries
MajorTerrain Features : MajorTerrain Features Hill-area of high ground
Valley-groove in land, usually in streams or rivers.
Ridge-sloping line of high ground
Saddle-dip or low point between two areas of high ground
Draw-less developed stream course than a valley. No level ground or room to manuever.