Simple Present Tense

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Simple Present Tense:

Simple Present Tense

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( Menyatakan kebiasaan hingga sekarang masih dilakukan )

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POLA V= (+) S+V¹ (-s/ es utk S he,she,it ) (-) S+Do /Does not + V¹ (?) Do/Does + S + V1 + ? Do utk S= I,you,we,they I always meet Justin Beiber I do not always meet Justin Beiber Do you always meet Justin Beiber ? Does utk S= he,she,it She goes to school everyday She does not go to school everyday Does she go to school everyday?

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N= (+) S+ to be (am/is/are) + adj /n/adv S= I = am S= she,he,it = is S= we,you,they = are

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I am a teacher She is beautiful He is handsome boy It is a monkey We are gardeners You are my roommate They are in the dormitory

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N (-): S+( is,am,are )+ not+adj /n/adv of place I am not a student She is not in the bed room The car is expensive

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N (?) : is,am,are + S + adj /n/adv of place Are you a teacher ? Is she beautiful ? Are they in the dormitory ?

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ADVERBS OF TIME (KETERANGAN WAKTU): Every… Usually Always Often Seldom/rarely Never/ever Hardly ever Once, twice, three times

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PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE

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( Menyatakan aktivitas yang sedang berlangsung pada waktu bicara )

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V= (+) S+ to be (am/is/are)+V- ing Irma is sleeping now I am typing a new message at this time They are sitting under the tree at this moment

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V= (-) S+ to be (am/is/are)+ not + V- ing Diana is not doing her homework now The policemen are not sweeping now I am not waiting for her at this time

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V= (?) to be (am/is/are) + S +V- ing + ? Are you sitting in the class now? Is she attending the meeting at this moment?

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KETERANGAN WAKTU Now At present At this moment At this time To day

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Present Perfect ( Menyatakan perbuatan / tindakan yang terjadi pada waktu yang tidak tertentu di masa lampau dan pada saat berbicara perbuatan / tindakan tsb telah selesai / baru aja selesai dilakukan )

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1. V= (+) S + have/has + V3 Have utk S= I,you,they,we Has utk S= he,she,it Father has gone to work for 12 hours 2. N= (+) S + have/ has+Been + adj /n/adv Father has been at his office since 12 hours ago.

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1.V= (-) S + have/has + not + V3 Have utk S= I,you,they,w Has utk S= he,she,it Father has not gone to work for 12 hours 2. N= (-) S + have/ has+not + been+ adj /n / adv Father has not been at his office since 12hours ago.

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1. V=(?) have/has + S + V3 Has father gone to work for 12 hours? 2. N=(?) have/ has+Been + S+adj /n/adv +? Has father been at his office since 12 hours ago?

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Keterangan Waktu : Lately Recently For Since already yet lately just