INDUSTRIAL DISASTERS: INDUSTRIAL DISASTERS PPT- SUMAN CHANDOK BBA-EM DEFINATION: DEFINATION I ndustrial Disasters , which are disasters caused by industrial companies, either by accident, negligence or incompetence. They are a form of industrial accident where great damage, injury or loss of life are caused . Other disasters can also be considered industrial disasters, if their causes are rooted in the products or processes of industry some major disasters globally: some major disasters globally May 1, 1991: Sterlington, Louisiana. An explosion at the IMC operated Angus Chemical Nitro-paraffin Plant Sterlington, Louisiana killed 8 workers and injured 120 other people. There was severe damage to the surrounding community. The blasts were heard more that 8 miles away. the explosion left burned out cars and chunks of twisted metal littering the streets of the town. : September 21, 2001: Toulouse, France. An explosion at the AZF fertilizer factory killed 29 and injured 2,500. Extensive structural damage to nearby neighbourhoods. October 23, 1989: Phillips Disaster. Explosion and fire killed 23 and injured 314 in Pasadena, Texas. Registered 3.5 on the Richter scale. major disasters in india: major disasters in india December 3, 1984: The Bhopal disaster in India is one of the largest industrial disaster on record. A runaway reaction in a tank containing poisonous methyl isocyanine caused the pressure relief system to vent large amounts to the atmosphere at a Union Carbide plant. Estimates of its death toll range from 4,000 to 20,000. The disaster caused the region's human and animal populations severe health problems to the present. : The Dhanbad coal mine disaster in mining industry' ' occurred on May 28, 1965, in a coal mine near Dhanbad, a town in India. On the fateful day, there was an explosion in Ghori colliery near Dhanbad, which led to fire in the mines. The fire killed 375 miners. Dhori Colliery is located near Bermo ONSET TYPE and WARNING : ONSET TYPE and WARNING Onset in case of industrial disaster can be either rapid (minutes or hours) or sudden (no warning) depending on the nature of occurrence. As there is a series of processes and reactions involved the onset may vary accordingly. Release of chemicals may be because of human error, technological failure or natural activities which include geological activity like earthquakes, natural fires, floods etc. The industrial facility should have monitoring and warning systems for fire and building up of dangerous conditions. Explosion in some of the cases can be anticipated. POSSIBLE RISK REDUCTION MEASURES : POSSIBLE RISK REDUCTION MEASURES Land use planning – densely populated residential areas should be separated far away from industrial areas. A buffer zone (green belt) should separate the industrial and the and the residential zone Community preparedness – The community should be aware of the hazardous installations and know how to combat the situation. The local community has to be informed about the response steps to be taken in case of an accident. Community members should monitor the pollution levels of the industry and participate in mock drills : Other possible risk reduction measures: Maintain the wind flow diagram of the region, improve fire resistance and warning systems, improve fire fighting and pollution dispersion capabilities, develop emergency relief and evacuation planning for employees and nearby settlements, limit storage capacity of the toxic substances, insurance for industries and safety legislation ELEMENTS AT RISK: ELEMENTS AT RISK The industrial set up and its near environment is under immediate threat. Employees of the work place, residents of nearby settlements, livestock, and crops in the nearby vicinity are at risk. The environment which includes land, water and air will get polluted. Hazardous substance released into the air or water can travel long distances and cause contamination of air, water supply and land, making it uninhabitable for humans. Large scale disasters will threaten the ecological system.