Introduction to Psychology

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Slide 1: 

PSYCHOLOGY: INTRODUCTION AND RESEARCH METHODS

The Study of Psychology : 

The Study of Psychology Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes (mind) Ψ

Early Pioneers of Psychology : 

Early Pioneers of Psychology Experimental psychology focused on the study of experience: Structuralism focused on sensations and perceptual experiences (Wundt & Titchener) Structuralism used the method of Systematic Introspection which required people to look inward and describe their own experiences.

Early Pioneers of Psychology : 

Early Pioneers of Psychology Functionalism investigated functions of mental processes in adapting to the environment (James) Gestalt psychology emphasized perception; the notion that the whole is more than the sum of the parts (Wertheimer) Psychoanalytic view emphasizes the unconscious mind (Freud) circa 1885.

Pioneers in Psychology : 

Pioneers in Psychology Behaviorism focuses on objective and measurable behaviors Humanistic psychology emphasizes the inner-self and the importance of subjective feelings (Rogers, Maslow) Cognitive psychology focuses on mental function and reasoning (Piaget, Ellis)

Other Schools of Psychology : 

Other Schools of Psychology Handout on Fields of Psychology

Pseudopsychologies : 

Pseudopsychologies Pseudopsychologies are unreliable approaches that do not use the scientific method Examples of pseudopsychologies include: Astrology: system that tries to relate personality to the movement of the stars Palmistry: idea that reading a person’s character from the lines on their palms Psychokinesis: notion that humans can move objects through mental concentration Follicology: notion that personality characteristics are related to hair color

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A Focus on Psychological Research next...

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