Role Of Manager & Factors Influencing Organizational Development : Role Of Manager & Factors Influencing Organizational Development Presented By: Abhinandan Seth What Managers Do : What Managers Do Individuals who achieve goals through other people. They initiates appropriate changes within organizational transaction activities. Manager supports the establishment and improvement of human capital for critical success of organization Management Functions:
Management Functions Planning- Includes defining goals, establishing strategy, and developing plans to coordinate activities. Organizing - Determining what tasks are to be done, who is to do them, how are tasks to be grouped, who reports to whom and where decisions are to be made. Leading - Includes Motivating subordinates, directing others, selecting the most
channels, and resolving conflicts. Controlling- Monitoring activities to ensure they are being accomplished as planned and correcting any significant deviations.
Managements Roles: Managements Roles Managers performed 10 different roles. These ten roles can be grouped into: Interpersonal Roles Informational Roles Decisional Roles Interpersonal Roles: Interpersonal Roles Role Description Examples Figurehead Symbolic head; required to perform a number of routine duties of a legal or social nature Ceremonies status requests, solicitations Leader Responsible for the motivation and direction of subordinates Virtually all managerial activities involving subordinates. Liaison Maintains a network of outside contacts who provide favors and information Acknowledgment of mail external board work Informational Roles: Informational Roles Role Description Examples Monitor Receives wide variety of information; serves as nerve center of internal and external information of the organization Handing all mail and contacts categorized as concerned primarily with receiving information Disseminator Transmits information received from outsiders or other subordinates to members of the organization Forwarding mail into organization for information purposes; verbal contacts involving information flow to subordinates such as review sessions Spokesperson Transmits information to outsiders on organizations plans, policies, actions, and results; serves as expert on organization’s industry Board meeting; handling contacts involving transmission of information to outsiders Decisional Roles: Decisional Roles Role Description Examples Entrepreneur Searches organization and its environment for opportunities and initiates projects to bring about change Strategy and review sessions involving initiation or design of improvement projects Disturbance handler Responsible for corrective action when organization faces important, unexpected disturbances Strategy and review sessions involving disturbances and crises Resource allocator Making or approving significant organizational decisions Scheduling ; requests for authorization; budgeting, the programming of subordinates work Negotiator Responsible for representing the organization at major negotiations Contract negotiation Factors Affecting Organizational Development: Factors Affecting Organizational Development Top management support or no support Culture of the Organization Leadership Vision of the organization Factors Affecting Organizational Development: Factors Affecting Organizational Development Resistance To Change Level Of Formalization Structure Of Organization