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For simplicity of reporting, it is often expressed in terms of the amount of carbon dioxide , or its equivalent of other GHGs, emitted.PowerPoint Presentation: Earth is becoming unbearably hot! It’s melting!From where does the word originate?: The concept name of the carbon footprint originates from ecological footprint discussion. The carbon footprint is a subset of the ecological footprint and of the more comprehensive Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). F rom wh er e doe s t he w ord ori gina t e ?Major causes!!!!: Carbon Footprint which leads to Global Warming is caused by many things. The causes are split up into two groups, man-made and natural causes. Ma j or c aus es ! ! ! !Natural Causes!!!!: Natural causes are causes created by nature. One natural cause is a release of methane gas from arctic tundra and wetlands. Methane is a greenhouse gas. A greenhouse gas is a gas that traps heat in the earth's atmosphere. Another natural cause is that the earth goes through a cycle of climate change. This climate change usually lasts about 40,000 years. N atu ral Ca u s es! !! !Man-Made Causes!!!!: M an - Ma de C aus es! !! ! Pollution is one of the biggest man-made problems. Burning fossil fuels is one thing that causes pollution. Fossil fuels are fuels made of organic matter such as coal, or oil. When fossil fuels are burned they give off a green house gas called CO2. Also mining coal and oil allows methane to escape. Methane is naturally in the ground. When coal or oil is mined you have to dig up the earth a little. When you dig up the fossil fuels you dig up the methane as well.PowerPoint Presentation: Another major man-made cause of Carbon Footprint is population. More people means more food, and more methods of transportation. That means more methane because there will be more burning of fossil fuels, and more agriculture.PowerPoint Presentation: Since CO2 contributes to global warming, the increase in population makes the problem worse because we breathe out CO2. Also, the trees that convert our CO2 to oxygen are being demolished because we're using the land that we cut the trees down from as property for our homes and buildings. We are not replacing the treesConsequences: Co nse qu en ces Sea level rise - densely settled coastal plains would become uninhabitable with just a small rise in sea level, which would result from melting of the ice caps. Impacts on agriculture - Global warming could have major effects on agricultural productivity.Consequences: Co nse qu en ces Reduction of the ozone layer - Warming would result in increase high cloud cover in winter, giving chemical reactions a platform in the atmosphere, which could result in depletion of the ozone layer Increased extreme weather - A warmer climate could change the weather systems of the earth, meaning there would be more droughts and floods, and more frequent and stronger storms Consequences: Co nse qu en cesConsequences: Co nse qu en ces Spread of diseases - Diseases would be able to spread to areas which were previously too cold for them to survive in Ecosystem change - As with the diseases, the range of plants and animals would change, with the net effect of most organisms moving towards the North and South Poles.THE CARBON CYCLE: THE CARBON CYCLE The carbon cycle is the biogeochemical cycle by which carbon is exchanged among the Biosphere, Pedosphere, Geosphere, Hydrosphere and the atmosphere of the Earth. It is one of the most important cycles of the earth and allows for carbon to be recycled and reused throughout the biosphere and all of its organisms.PowerPoint Presentation: The annual movements of carbon, the carbon exchanges between reservoirs, occur because of various chemical, physical, geological, and biological processes. The ocean contains the largest active pool of carbon near the surface of the Earth, but the Deep Ocean part of this pool does not rapidly exchange with the atmosphere in the absence of an external influence, such as a Black Smoker or an uncontrolled deep-water oil well leak. Wh y do es th e exc ha ng e o cc ur ?PowerPoint Presentation: The global carbon budget is the balance of the exchanges (incomes and losses) of carbon between the carbon reservoirs or between one specific loop (e.g., atmosphere ↔ biosphere) of the carbon cycle. An examination of the carbon budget of a pool or reservoir can provide information about whether the pool or reservoir is functioning as a source or sink for carbon dioxide. W ha t i s th e b ud ge t?PowerPoint Presentation: Did You Know ? About 50-60 million trees, covering 1,500-2,000 sq. km of forest land, are cut every year to burn the dead in India Simply turning off your television, DVD player, Stereo, Computer when you’re not using them will stop the release of thousand of pounds of carbon dioxide a year Between 1961 and 1997, the World’s glaciers lost 890 cubic miles of ice Without water vapor’s effect on the atmosphere, the earth would be at below freezing temperatures. ? ? ?? ??? ? ?? ??? ?PowerPoint Presentation: If the temperature of our Earth rises, almost 7 million people in India have to move their homes, because the sea will rise and cover some parts of Chennai and Mumbai Making cans from recycled aluminium uses 90% less energy than making cans from scratch. We can watch T.V for more 3 hours from the energy saved from recycling one can The glacial lake in southern Chile was sighted in march, but two months later it had completely disappeared! The culprit: GLOBAL WARMINGPowerPoint Presentation: Louisiana, a state in USA about the size of Orissa, is losing an acre of its land, to the rising sea levels, every 24 minutes As rising ocean temperatures are killing off their food supply, more number of whales are being washed up on beaches after starving to death A big enough volcano eruption could cool the earth for one or two years because sulfuric acid from the explosion would combine with water vapor to form a “shield” that would reflect some sunlight away from earth. Such an eruption would be quite catastrophic, though.PowerPoint Presentation: Warmer temperatures are killing the eucalyptus trees, which are the main food source for the Koalas. It is feared that because of this Koalas could become extinct in the next few decades! Global Warming means bad news for baseball lovers! Ash tree from which all baseball bats are made, is in the danger of disappearing because of warmer temperaturesPowerPoint Presentation: To avoid a critical tipping point in global warming effects, we have to reduce our carbon emissions by 80% . Water bottles create 1.5 million tons of plastic waste per year. That plastic requires up to 47 million gallons (178 million liters) of oil per year to produce. If every US household would replace one regular light bulb with a CFL, we could reduce our global warming pollution by 90 billion pounds (40 billion kilos) over the bulb's life; that's the same going green effect as taking 6.3 million cars off the road.PowerPoint Presentation: Dryers produce about 1,450 pounds (657 kilos) of CO2 per year and the high heat damages fabric. You keep your garments longer, lower your electric bill, and cut your carbon footprint by drying your clothes on a rack or line. Bottled water is no healthier than tap water, costs much more money to produce, and contributes to 1.5 million tons of plastic waste per year! The pulp and paper industry is the third largest consumer of energy and uses more water to produce a ton of product than any other industry.PowerPoint Presentation: The average US household receives 1.5 trees worth of junk mail every year - 100 million trees for all the US households combined! f every American skips one meal of meat per week and chooses vegetarian foods instead, the greenhouse gases savings would be the same as taking half a million cars off US roads Eating a vegan diet without any animal ingredients is the most efficient going green method: it prevents the equivalent of 1.5 tons CO2 emissions every year - more than the 1 ton CO2 emissions prevented by switching to a hybrid carPowerPoint Presentation: Factory farming is largely responsible for greenhouse gases emissions, air and water pollution, waste of land and resources, and decline of bio diversity. Courtesy of USDA: factory farm manure runoff It takes between 2,500 - 4,000 gallons of water to produce 1 pound of meat.How is India contributing to reduce the carbon footprint?: Ho w is In dia co ntr ib utin g t o r edu ce t he car bon foo tpr in t ? The first and the foremost measure is the implication of use of CNG in government buses. Others are afforestation, reforestation and establishment of sanctuaries and national parks in isolated areas. Moreover certain green belts have been declared by the Centre like the Taj Mahal Trapezium.PowerPoint Presentation: Rank Country Annual CO 2 emissions  (in thousands of metric tons) Percentage of global total World 29,321,302 100% 1 China 6,538,367.00 22.30% 2 United States 5,838,381.00 19.91% 3 India 1,612,362.00 5.50% 4 Russia 1,537,357.00 5.24% 5 Japan 1,254,543.00 4.28% Fir st 5 co un tri es b y the ir c o2 e mis sio n s complaints: complaintsPowerPoint Presentation: I am suffering from asthma because of the CO2 emissions. I request you to reduce your carbon footprint. Help me yaar. I am dying.PowerPoint Presentation: Don’t worry bachchon. Your mother, I am there. I will save you. Is that goanna happen? All because of you worthless human beings .PowerPoint Presentation: Personal conversation! Penguin1 : I’m feeling kind of warm… Penguin2 : It’s the human effect!! They ought to wand their ways before we’re homeless…PowerPoint Presentation: Egypt : I will soon lose my beauty if global warming keeps up at this pace. Lend me a sweater anyone. Hhhhhrr . It’s too cold out here, please.PowerPoint Presentation: http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_o3XGUJGBuYs/S8VDLS5zjI/AAAAAAAABwE/XNr9mks_Fm4/s320/global-warming-plar-bear.jpg Polar bears: We live in the age of information and pollution, and you still think producing enormous waste by spreading A5 piece of papers that no one will read is the best way to advertise your product/event/whatever?PowerPoint Presentation: What a father!!!PowerPoint Presentation: Are you re ad y? !!! !!!! !! !!PowerPoint Presentation: Sand in Antarctica !!! Believe this or not . But this is true .PowerPoint Presentation: Rise in sea levelWhat can we do to reduce our carbon footprint?: Wh at c an w e d o to re du ce ou r c a rbo n foo tp rin t ? Take shorter hot water showers. Heating water uses energy. An air conditioner(2.5 tones) used for an hour generates 3 kg of CO2. If we go without air conditioning for an hour a day, the release of 3 x 365 =1095 kg of CO2 into the atmosphere per year, can be prevented. ?PowerPoint Presentation: When you use geyser for an hour generates 3.3 kg of CO2. if you cut down the use of the geyser by just one hour a day, you can stop the release of 3.3 x 365 = 1204.5 kg of CO2 in the atmosphere annually. The estimated population of India on March 2008 was 1.13 billion. If each person plants one tree in a lifetime, we can eliminate 1.13 billion tones of CO2 from the atmosphere. One tree absorbs one ton of CO2 during its lifetime.PowerPoint Presentation: Compact fluorescent lamps or CFL’s use one- ninth the electricity used by regular bulbs. If every family in India replaces regular light bulbs with CFL’s, 10,000 MW (unit of power equal to 1 million watts of power could be saved. Energy used for our daily needs of electricity comes from burning fossil fuels. Using less power means lower emission of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.PowerPoint Presentation: A microwave oven used for an hour generates 1.3 kg of CO2. If you eat food without using your microwave to heat it, just for one hour a week you can stop the release of 1.3 x 52 = 67.6 kg of CO2 into the atmosphere per year. A dripping tap wastes 13 liters of water in a single day. Therefore, the wastage of in a year = 13 x 365 = 4745 liters of water. On an average, a person who lets the tap run while brushing wastes about 7 liters of water. If 1.13 billion Indians change this habit, we could save 1.13 billion x 7 liters = 7.91 billion liters of water in just a day.PowerPoint Presentation: 1 liter of petrol (octane) produces about 1 kg of water vapor and 2.17 kg of CO2. Walking, carpooling or using public transport, will save at least 2 liters of petrol a week. This will stop the release of 2.17 x 2 x 52 = 225.68 kg of CO2 into the atmosphere annually. Your everyday actions have far reaching consequences. It determines whether life on Earth will flourish or perish. On thoughtful action or a simple change in your habit will go a long way towards saving our planet.Check how earth friendly you are: C hec k h ow e art h fr ien dly yo u a re Carbon Footprint/ Energy Habits Always do Some times Rarely or never Use compact fluorescent lamps Walk to school/ use the bus/ share a car Turn off the tap & lights when it is not required Do not use plastic bags to carry things Switch off the fan when it is not required Be quick to close the refrigerator door Recycle & reuse items such as bags, papers, bottles Etc Do not leave appliances like computers on standby mode Use jute bags or bags that can be recycled Buy vegetables & fruits grown locally Do not waste paper or fuelPowerPoint Presentation: Thank you You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.