ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT : ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT Submitted to:- Asst. Prof. Reji Kuruvilla ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT: ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT Group Members: Name Roll Nos. Joyer J. Soares P-09 Prashant Gavane P-19 Sadanand Jagade P-29 Vidyadhar Hulwane P-39 Mughda Kulkarni P-49 Neha Nalawde P-59 Question: Question Enumerate the role and Functions of the government as a planning, organizing, directing, implementing and controlling agency? Role of Government : Role of Government Control and Develop all countries natural resources. In recognition of their responsibility in preserving the environment, the Govt. of India crated the Departmental of Environment and later the Ministry of Environment and Forests in 1985. PowerPoint Presentation: Ministry of environment & forest- Planning Protection & coordination Forestry environment \ It involves in conservation & survey & to accomplish its task they undertake various measures. A study is made to evaluate its possible impact on environment and steps are suggested so that least damage is caused to environment when the project is implemented. Functions : Functions Measures to protect & improve the environment Constitutes authorities & appoints officers Rules to regulate environmental pollution develop and establish national environmental standards and criteria Power for Entry and inspection Power to demand information, reports or returns promote educational and public awareness programs on the environment promote educational and public awareness programs on the environment Identification of critically polluted areas Receiving notice about alleged offences and complaints in a Union Territory or State Planning: Planning Some laws have been enacted for protection of the environment . In Indian penal code o 1860, some articles are related with environment . In last fifty years major steps for the protection of environment in India PowerPoint Presentation: Following are the important acts: River Board Act, 1956 Water Preservation &Control of Pollution Act, 1974 Atomic Energy Act, 1972 Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 Factories Amendment Act, 1987 Environmental Protection Act, 1986 Central Motor Vehicle Rule, 1989 Damodar Valley Corporation Regulation act, 1948 (Prevention of water pollution) PowerPoint Presentation: Every state government has establish a ministry of environment The Central Pollution Control Board has been established to take measures to control water & air pollution Prepare plans for countrywide awareness about pollution There are many autonomous bodies are engaged in research in field of environment. PowerPoint Presentation: National Forest policy has been framed for the protection &development of forest in the country. They has been evolved to develop forest resources. National parks & games sanctuaries have been established throughout the country to protect biodiversity PowerPoint Presentation: There is need for sustainable growth i.e. growth which is not harmful to environment Eco friendly development can solve the problem for that they are taking some action At all level of education provision have been made for the knowledge of environment. Providing special training for environmental management Awareness have been launched through media PowerPoint Presentation: Indian government is active member of international organization concerning environment Introducing economic instrument for improving environmental quality Environmental audit introduced in 1993 GIS will be effective for useful planning Organizing : Organizing NATIONAL GREEN CORPS PROGRAMME (M.S.): NATIONAL GREEN CORPS PROGRAMME (M.S.) Introduction The Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of India has launched the National Green Corps Program (NGC) in all Districts of India. Bharati Vidyapeeth University - Institute of Environment Education & Research has been appointed as the Resource Agency for Maharashtra State, for the National Green Corps Program of the Ministry of Environment and Forests since 2003. NGC (M.S.) contd.: NGC (M.S.) contd. Role: Maharashtra State government nominates officers and individuals considered relevant to the State Steering Committee. a. To oversee implementation of NGC in the state. b. To encourage different government departments to actively help the Eco-clubs. NGC (M.S.) contd.: NGC (M.S.) contd. Role: c. To review periodically the implementation of the scheme and suggest activities to be taken up at District Level. d. To select the best district, best Eco-club and give publicity to their activities so that other districts and Eco-clubs can adopt them. NGC (M.S.) contd.: NGC (M.S.) contd. Functions: Organize seminars, debates, lectures and popular talks on environmental issues in the school. Organize field visits to environmentally important sites including polluted and degraded sites,wildlife parks etc. Organize rallies, marches, human chains and street theater at public places with a view to spread environmental awareness. NGC (M.S.) contd.: NGC (M.S.) contd. Take up activities like tree plantation, cleanliness drives both within and out side the school campus. Grow kitchen garden, maintain vermin-composting pits, construct water-harvesting structures in school, practice paper re-cycling etc. Prepare inventories of polluting sources and forward it to enforcement agencies. Directing: Directing The Ministry of Environment & Forests (MoEF) : The Ministry of Environment & Forests ( MoEF ) Requirements and Procedure for seeking Environmental Clearance of Projects. Siting Guidelines for Industries. Environmental Guidelines for Industries. Guidelines for Clearance of Forest based Industries/Trade. Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines for Project Clearances. Guidelines for Adoption of Cleaner Technologies. Noise Pollution Norms. : Hazardous Waste Management Guidelines. Details of Ozone Depleting Substances used in various Sectors and Ozone Depleting Substances Substitutes. Guidelines for Common Effluent Treatment Plants (CETPs ). Guidelines for submission of proposals under the Scheme Waste Minimization in Small & Medium Industries (SMIs) The Guidelines on State Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (State CAMPA ). Environment Education, Awareness & Training (EEAT): Environment Education, Awareness & Training ( EEAT) EEAT Scheme was launched during the 6th Five Year Plan in 1983-84 with the following objectives :- To promote environmental awareness among all sections of the society. To spread environment education, especially in the non-formal system among different sections of the society. To facilitate development of education/training materials and aids in the formal education sector. To promote environment education through existing educational/scientific/research institutions. Environment Education, Awareness & Training (EEAT): Environment Education, Awareness & Training (EEAT) To ensure training and manpower development for environment education, awareness and training. To encourage non-governmental organizations, mass media and other concerned organizations for promoting awareness about environmental issues among the people at all levels. To use different media including films, audio, visual and print,, theatre, drama, advertisements, hoarding, posters, seminars, workshops, competitions, meetings etc. for spreading messages concerning environment and awareness . (viii) To mobilize people's participation for preservation and conservation of environment. Environment Education, Awareness & Training (EEAT): Environment Education, Awareness & Training (EEAT) Environmental management colleges Pollution control board State government agencies State government rules and regulations Other Guidelines: Other Guidelines National Environment Awareness Campaign (NEAC). National Green Corps (NGC). Global Learning & Observations to Benefit the Environment (GLOBE). Strengthening Environment Education in School System and other courses at Graduate and Post-Graduate level including Professional Courses. Advertising & Publicity. Seminars/Symposia/Workshops. Publication of Resource Material related to Environment. Grants-in-Aid to Professional Societies & Institutions. Other Awareness Programmes like Vacation Programmes , Quiz/Essay/Debate/Poster/Slogan competitions, training programmes etc. State Government Guidelines: State Government G uidelines Divisions/Units/Wings/Branches... Arid Forest Research Institute (AFRI) Environmental Information System (ENVIS), Gujarat Environmental Information System (ENVIS), Tamil Nadu Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding (IFGTB) Institute of Wood Science and Technology (IWST) Kanha Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh Periyar Tiger Reserve, Kerala Tropical Forest Research Institute (TFRI) Statutory Bodies Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI) Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) Central Zoo Authority (CZA) PowerPoint Presentation: Others Bhitarkanika National Park, Orissa Chilika Development Authority (CDA) Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), India Environmental Information System (ENVIS), India Indian Biosafety Clearing House (IND-BCH) Indian Forest Service (IFS) Kaziranga Centenary Celebration Like Minded Megadiverse Countries (LMMC) Project Tiger Sustainable Development Networking Programme (SDNP) Yamuna Action Plan (YAP) Role of Indian Government in implementing: Role of Indian G overnment in implementing Rules & regulation Major Initiative Fellowship & Awards Rules & regulation: Rules & regulation Water Pollution & Air Pollution Environment protection Public Liability Insurance Animal Welfare & wildlife Forest conservation Major Initiative: Major Initiative National River Conservation Directorate Capacity Building for Industrial Pollution Management National River Conservation Directorate: National River Conservation Directorate National River Conservation Plan The Ganga Action Plan (GAP) Phase - I which was taken up as 100% Centrally funded scheme and aimed at preventing the pollution of river Ganga and to improve its water quality. The plan was started in June 1985. The program of river cleaning was extended to other major rivers of the country under two separate schemes of GAP Phase - II and the National River Conservation Plan (NRCP). Yamuna and Gomati Action Plans were approved in April 1993 under Ganga Action Plan Phase - II National River Conservation Directorate: National River Conservation Directorate Highlights of the works Undertaken Towns Covered 190 Rivers Covered 39 States Covered 20 Sanctioned Cost of Rs.7638.47 crore Expenditure (including State Govt. Share): Rs.4302.43 crore Schemes Completed 865 Capacity Building for Industrial Pollution Management: Capacity Building for Industrial Pollution Management Clean up and rehabilitation of polluted sites and facilitate the reduction of environmental and health risks associated with legacy polluted sites Initially started in 2 sites in Andhrapradesh & 8 sites in West Bengal Capacity Building for Industrial Pollution Management: Capacity Building for Industrial Pollution Management Project benefit. Improvement in water and air quality. Improved hygienic conditions. Health benefits such as reduction in water borne, vector borne diseases. Economic benefits i.e. employment generation during rehabilitation. Remediation of contaminated sites. Fellowship & Awards: Fellowship & Awards Indira Gandhi Paryavaran Puraskar Indira Priyadarshini Vriksha Mitra Awards E.K. Janaki Ammal National Award for Taxonomy Hathi Mere Sathi Campaign: Hathi Mere Sathi Campaign Organized in December. Government of India in collaboration with wild life trust of India For conservation & welfare of elephants. Reference material including publication & documentation were distributed. Elephant 8 meet hosted by India. Control : Control Legal action taken by govt.: Legal action taken by govt. The Environment (protection ) Act was enacted in 1986. To take measures to protect and improve environment which includes water, air and land and the inter relationship which exists among & between water , air and land human being, other living creatures, plants micro organisms and property. The National Environmental Policy (NEP) 2006. The ecological services rendered by the water bodies like lakes & wetlands. The NEP states that wetlands including lakes are under threat from drainage and conversion for agriculture & human settlements besides pollution. The NEP identifies an Action plan for these water bodies which importantly include formulation of conservation & prudent use strategies, integration of wetland and lake conservation into sectoral development plans for poverty alleviation and livelihood improvement , formulation of eco-tourism strategies prove multi stakeholders partnership. PowerPoint Presentation: The Air (prevention and control of pollution) Act,1981. To provide for the prevention , control and abatement of air pollution in India. The water ( prevention & control of pollution) Act, 1974. It empowers the Govt. to maintain the wholesomeness of national water bodies. The Act also provides for prohibition on use of stream ( includes inland water whether natural & artificial) or well for disposal of polluting matter etc. It enables the Govt. through central & state pollution control boards to prescribe standards and has provision for monitoring & compliance and penal provisions against the violators of the Act. Institutions : Institutions Department of Environment. Department of Science and Technology. Department of Biotechnology. Energy Management Centre. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. Department of Space. Department of Ocean Development. Central Forestry Board. Prevention and control of environment : Prevention and control of environment Water and air quality monitoring stations in selected areas. Use-based Zoning and classification of major rivers. Notification & enforcement of standards for polluting industries through the Central and State Pollution Control Boards. Fiscal incentives for installation of pollution control devices. Ganga Action plan to prevent pollution of the river and restore its water quality which could be expanded to cover other major river systems subject to availability of resources. Conclusion: Conclusion Government of India, various State Governtments , NGO's have joined hands with Ministry of Environment and Forests (India) in protecting and conversing the eco-diversity of our country so as to have a better future for the present as well as the next generation of our citizens. The GOI therefore considers all the pillars of Mangement to effectively establish it's vision of “Green India” THANK YOU.: THANK YOU.