What_is_Engineering

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What is Engineering? Engineering Week 2011

Introductions: 

Introductions

What is engineering?: 

What is engineering ? According to Webster’s Dictionary: Engineering The application of math and science by which the properties of matter and the sources of energy in nature are made useful to people. Engineers apply math and science for the betterment of society through: Above all, engineers are problem solvers who make things work better, more efficiently, quicker and cheaper.

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Salary Comparisons Career College (years) Average Salary* Hourly Rate Factor (thousands)** Fast Food Cook 0 $18,230 $8.76/hr - Cosmetologist 0 $27,070 $13.02/hr - Auto Mechanic 0 $37,880 $18.21/hr - Realtor 0 $53,100 $25.53/hr - Reporter 4 $43,270 $20.80/hr 11 Physical Therapist 8 $76,220 $36.64/hr 9 Chemist 4 $72,740 $34.97/hr 22 Veterinarian 8 $90,110 $43.32/hr 11 Accountant 4 $67,430 $32.42/hr 16 Registered Nurse 4 $66,530 $31.99/hr 16 Pharmacist 6 $106,630 $51.27/hr 17 Computer Programmer 4 $74,690 $35.91/hr 18 Computer Engineer 4 $91,540 $44.01/hr 22 Mechanical Engineer 4 $80,580 $38.74/hr 20 Electrical Engineer 4 $86,250 $41.47/hr 21 Civil Engineer 4 $81,180 $39.03/hr 20 Chemical Engineer 4 $91,670 $44.07/hr 22 Petroleum Engineer 4 $119,960 $57.67/hr 30 Medical Doctor 10 $168,550 $81.03/hr 16 Lawyer 6 $129,020 $62.03/hr 21 Higher Factor Is Better! * Average salaries from May 2009, Bureau of Labor Statistics Website **Factor is average salary / years of college

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Earning Potential vs. Minimum Wage Engineers have high earning potentials over the course of their career. Since 2000, engineering salaries have increased by ~35%. Years AFTER H.S. Graduation (based on 1998 salary data)

Engineering Disciplines: 

Engineering Disciplines Major Disciplines Other Disciplines Mechanical Electrical Chemical Civil Industrial Automotive Aerospace Agricultural Biomedical Computer Environmental Materials Nuclear Robotics Safety

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Mechanical Engineering Concerned with design, manufacture & operation of a wide range of components, devices, or systems: microscopic parts (nanotechnology) to gigantic gears heating, ventilation, refrigeration manufacturing equipment (tanks, motors, pumps) laser technology biomedical applications automotive industry computer-aided design, automation, robotics Broadest of all the engineering disciplines in its range of activities

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Chemical Engineering Applying chemistry to the solution of practical problems Gasoline Plastic Energy (natural gas, oil heating, coal) Adhesives Clothing Building Materials

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Electrical Engineering Play a role in almost everything we interact with on a daily basis. They design smaller, cheaper, and better: cell phones computers power systems appliances robots Apply specialized skill to the design, manufacture, application, installation, and operation of electrical products and systems.

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Civil Engineering Create solutions to cope with: air quality issues decaying cities, roadways and bridges clogged airports and highways polluted streams, rivers and lakes Design solutions to cope with many of our planet’s most serious problems.

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Industrial Engineering Design data processing systems Integrate activities of finance, engineering and management Develop systems for planning, cost analysis, production and quality of products Stresses design, improvement, and installation of integrated systems of people, material, and equipment for the effective production of goods or services in all types of industries

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Good Traits for Engineers Enjoy solving problems Like working with other people (strong teamwork skills) Interested in serving human needs Want to make things work better Strive for continual improvement Able to adapt to a changing environment Good communication skills Strong study skills Desire to constantly learn new things Data analysis skills Strong computer skills

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College Entrance Requirements Required Algebra I & II Geometry Trigonometry Calculus Physics Chemistry Computer Programming Social Studies Foreign Languages Fine Arts/Humanities Highly Recommended – Not Required AP Chemistry AP Physics AP Calculus AP Biology Any Advanced Placement classes really help prepare you for college and in most cases drastically help “lighten your load.”

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College Advice The next 2-3 years in high school and especially the following 4-8 years in college drastically impact the quality of your adult life!!! Play now Play later or…

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Cooperative Education Typically a five year program with alternating periods of book learning (school) and application (work, typically in industry). Year Fall Spring Summer 1 School School School 2 Work Work Work 3 School School School 4 Work Work Work 5 School School School Benefits of a Cooperative Education Pay for your college education ($36,000/YR or more) Gain valuable experience, real engineering work Increase your market value at graduation (considerably) Usually assures job offer from co-op company Offers well deserved and beneficial break from school!

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