POLICIES AND STRATEGIC PROVISIONS FOR DRR IN INDIA : POLICIES AND STRATEGIC PROVISIONS FOR DRR IN INDIA Anil K. Gupta
Sreeja S. Nair
National Institute of Disaster Management
New Delhi ALARP : ALARP As Low As Reasonable Practicable (ALRAP) DRR ZONE BATNEEC Disaster Risk Management : Disaster Risk Management Concept of Disaster Risk Reduction : Concept of Disaster Risk Reduction Risk Reduction:
Quick recovery (Resilience)
Increasing coping capacities DM Paradigm Shift : DM Paradigm Shift Response Centric
Environment Centric Adaptation DRR Strategy Design – Components : DRR Strategy Design – Components What is the risk
hazard - event x damageability
What is at risk
– Life, Structures, Resources, Infrastructure
Infused Environmental resources – at Risk? : Environmental resources – at Risk? Air – composition, wind…weather
Land/soil - bioproductivity system
Water supply – drinking, households, irrigation
Food supply - crops, aquaculture, fisheries, natural…. Raw materials for housing / industry / etc.
Health resources - therapy environment, medicinal resources
Shelter? IMPACTS OF DISASTERS : IMPACTS OF DISASTERS Physical (buildings, structures, physical property, industry, roads, bridges, etc.)
Environmental (water, land/soil, land-use, landscape, crops, lake/rivers / estuaries, aquaculture, forests, animals/livestock, wildlife, atmosphere, energy, etc.)
Social (life, health, employment, relations, security, peace, etc.)
Economic (assets, deposits, reserves, income, commerce, production, guarantee/insurance, etc.) Physical Environmental Disaster Event SOCIAL Economic DRR Interventions - Routes : DRR Interventions - Routes Direct : DM Act, Rules, Policy…
DM Programmes – NCRM, Capacity building programme of Engineers/Architects
Water/water bodies, watersheds
Habitat/vegetation-forests, plantation, orchards, agriculture - agroforestry, aquaculture
Livestock, wild animals
Environmental supplies – water, PHE, sanitation, waste mgmt,
Chemicals / minerals
Family, child, youth, sports, NREGS, RTI, ….
Transport, health, communication, housing, aviation, navigation, fire, industry Prepare and Plan to Reduce Risk : Prepare and Plan to Reduce Risk Hazard Mapping (Individual / Multihazard)
Risk and Vulnerability Assessment
Modeling and simulation (e.g. flood models)
Forecasting (e.g. through sharing of real-time data and information on floods, including telemetry involved in collecting data from field to national centres and beyond
Early Warning Systems (e.g. weather forecasting in cyclones and tropical storms)
Monitoring (e.g. Temporal image analysis, GLOF)
Knowledge hub (e.g. portal giving database of equipment, responsible agencies,, evacuation plan, sharing of lessons learned and experiences etc.)
Preparedness through education, communication and Information e.g. Radio, TV can be used to raise awareness and accountability of policy makers to ensure polices are drawn HRVC Analysis : HRVC Analysis Hazard identification
Establish relative priorities for your hazards.
Critical Facility Analysis
Identify critical facilities categories
Complete a critical facilities inventory
Identify intersections of critical facilities with high-risk areas
Economic DM in India : DM in India Disaster Management Act 2005
Planned, holistic and proactive approach
Role of S&T and academic inputs, and participative
Disaster Management Act 2005
A Holistic and Comprehensive Approach
Institutional Mechanisms at National, State & Local level
Focus on Prevention, Mitigation and Preparedness Nodal agencies for monitoring andearly warning of disasters : Nodal agencies for monitoring andearly warning of disasters Forecasts / Warnings relating to major Natural Disasters are being provided by….
– India Meteorological Department (Cyclones, Floods, Drought, earthquakes)
– Central Water Commission of the Ministry of Water Resources (Floods)
– Geological Survey of India (Landslides)
– Department of Ocean Development (Tsunami) The Disaster Management Act 2005 : The Disaster Management Act 2005 The Disaster Management Act was enacted on 23rd December,2005. The Act provides for establishment of -
NDMA (National Disaster Management Authority)
SDMA (State Disaster Management Authority)
DDMA (District Disaster Management Authority)
Act provides for constitution of Disaster Response Fund and Disaster Mitigation Fund at National, State and District level.
Establishment of NIDM and NDRF. NATIONAL POLICY ON DISASTER MANAGEMENT : NATIONAL POLICY ON DISASTER MANAGEMENT The National Policy on Disaster Management has been finalized and approved by Home Minister.
Inter-Ministerial consultation process has been completed.
The Policy is now under consideration of NDMA.
Draft Policy lays down the roadmap/direction for all Government endeavors. OBJECTIVES OF POLICY : OBJECTIVES OF POLICY A holistic and pro-active approach for mitigation and preparedness will be adopted.
Each Ministry/ Department of the Central/ State Government to ensure that disaster reduction elements are integrated with development planning.
Promoting a culture of Prevention and Preparedness
Ensuring Mitigation measures based on State-of-the-Art technology and environmental sustainability OBJECTIVES OF POLICY : Mainstreaming DM concerns into the Development Planning Process
Putting in place a streamlined Institutional Techno-Legal Framework
in order to create and preserve the integrity of an Enabling Regulatory Environment and a Compliance Regime OBJECTIVES OF POLICY OBJECTIVES OF POLICY : Promoting a productive partnership with the Media to create awareness and contributing towards Capacity Development
Ensuring efficient Response and Relief with a caring approach towards the needs of the vulnerable sections of the Society
Undertaking Reconstruction as an opportunity to build back better OBJECTIVES OF POLICY POLICY : TECHNO LEGAL FRAMEWORK : POLICY : TECHNO LEGAL FRAMEWORK Development and vigorous enforcement of Indian Codes /Standards relevant to multi hazard resistant designs and updating it on regular basis.
Review of development control regulations and zoning regulations.
Revision of relief codes/ manuals so as to convert them into disaster management codes/ manuals to institutionalize planning process. Slide 22: Disaster Risk Insurance
Micro-finance and Micro-insurance
Regulations for provision and rescheduling of loans/debts in case of disasters of severe magnitude POLICY:TECHNO- FINANCIAL FRAMEWORK POLICY : MITIGATION AND CAPABILITY BUILDING : POLICY : MITIGATION AND CAPABILITY BUILDING Detailed evaluation & retrofitting of lifeline buildings
Construction of multi-purpose cyclone shelters
Capacity building of all stakeholders. POLICY: PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE : POLICY: PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE Development of fully trained and equipped specialist response teams.
Strengthening of civil defense set up to supplement local response and relief efforts.
Development of Standard Operating Procedures by all relevant Ministries/ Departments at Central, State and District levels. POLICY: RELIEF AND REHABILITATION : POLICY: RELIEF AND REHABILITATION State Government will be advised to establish per-contract and pre-agreement arrangements for immediate mobilization f resources.
Central Government will also facilitate mobilization of resources when requested by the State Governments. POLICY: HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT : POLICY: HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT Establishment of National centers of excellence for human resource development in areas of disaster mitigation, preparedness and response.
Promotion of research and envelopment for early warning systems and prevention and mitigation of sudden onset disasters.
Involvement of community civil defense volunteers, NGOs, ex-servicemen and youth organizations in all aspects of DM.
Promotion of self-reliance in the community. FINANCE : FINANCE National, State, District Mitigation Fund
National, State, District Response Fund
Ministry or Department to make provision for fund in annual budget for disaster management activities as set out in disaster management plan
During any threatening disaster situation, disaster National/State/District authority if satisfied that immediate procurement of provision or materials are necessary. inviting tenders shall be waived NATIONAL DISASTER RESPONSE AND MITIGATION FUND : NATIONAL DISASTER RESPONSE AND MITIGATION FUND National Disaster Response Fund will be constituted and funded by the Central Government, and grants may be made by any person/institution.
National Disaster Mitigation Fund started for mitigation projects.
The State Government shall establish Disaster Response Fund and Disaster Mitigation Fund at State and District Levels.
Every Ministry/Department of Central and State shall make provision in budget for activities in DM plan. Related Policies : Related Policies Environmental Policy
Planning Commission Working Plan 2009-12
Environment & Forests
Voluntary Sector Policy
WRD & Hydro-Power policy
Rural Development (land resources)
Statement of Climate Change
Right to Information
Map Policy Programmes (examples) : Programmes (examples) Disaster Risk Management Programme
National Emergency Communication Plan
Disaster Management Decision Support Programme
Natural Resources Data Management System NRDMS
Environmental Information System
Integrated Coastal Zone Management
National River Conservation
National Wetland Programme
National Wasteland Programme
Mid-day meal scheme
Microfinance Strategic Tools : Strategic Tools Tools that help and/or implement policies
Project Appraisal Process
Policy Appraisal – SEA (of policy, plan, programmes)
EIA / REIA – DMP & EPP?
DRA as part of Project Appraisal process
Carrying capacity based planning
Risk based developmental planning
Economic cost of impacts
Integration of Strategic Tools DRR Institutional Framework : DRR Institutional Framework NDMA – Apex Body
Planning Commission – E&F
Ministry of Environment & Forests
Ministry of Earth Sciences
Department of Science & Technology
Department of Biotechnology
National Biodiversity Authority
ICAR, IARI, CSIR
Department of Space-ISRO, NRSC, NIC
Deptt. of Land resources, Land-use boards
Ministry of Agriculture
Ministry of Water Resources
Ministry of Non-conventional Energy
National Institute of Disaster Management, DM Centres in State ATIs THANK YOU : THANK YOU email@example.com