OD

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Organization Development (OD):

Organization Development (OD)

Part I: Introduction:

Part I: Introduction

Purpose:

Purpose Organization development (OD) has recently become one of the hot topics of the HR field. Why is that? Decision-makers are recognizing the critical importance of leaders who can energize change, involving people and unleashing their potential. This session defines OD.

Organization of the Session:

Organization of the Session

Part II: What Is Organization Development (OD)?:

Part II: What Is Organization Development (OD)?

What Are Six Ways to Manage Change?:

What Are Six Ways to Manage Change? Coercive Persuasive Leadership change Legalistic/policy Dialectic Education/changed norms (OD)

The Coercive Approach:

The Coercive Approach People will change if they are threatened with punishment--such as discipline or dismissal. That is called a coercive approach to change. However, coercion is usually a counterproductive change strategy because it creates anxiety, fear, and stress.

The Persuasive Approach :

The Persuasive Approach People will change when they are convinced that change is in their best interests. Advocates of persuasion as a change strategy advise managers to examine who is affected by proposed changes and then make a concerted effort to explain how those affected will benefit from the change.

The Leadership Change Approach :

The Leadership Change Approach Another way to initiate and implement change is to appoint a new leader. Each person, of course, brings to a leadership role his or her own attitudes, values, and beliefs that undergird subsequent action. By selecting a leader whose beliefs are in line with an intended direction for change, an organization's strategic direction may be changed.

The Legalistic/ Policy Approach :

The Legalistic/ Policy Approach Another way to initiate and implement change is to enact a law or policy and then punish people who break the law or do not comply with the policy.

The Dialectic Approach :

The Dialectic Approach Another way to initiate and implement change is to debate the point. Two co-equal sides are formed and argue the point in front of decision-makers. The group that provides the most compelling argument is the “winner.”

The Education/ Changed Norms Approach (OD) :

The Education/ Changed Norms Approach (OD) Another way to initiate and implement change is to discover a new approach through innovation, creativity, participation, and education. Norms are informal rules, and OD seeks to unfreeze old norms and create new norms. It changes culture.

What Is OD?:

What Is OD? Organization development (OD) focuses on helping groups to change. It uses an educational approach to help unleash group energy and creativity.

Part III: What Model Can Help to Drive Change Efforts?:

Part III: What Model Can Help to Drive Change Efforts?

What Is One Model That Drives OD? Introducing the Action Research Model:

What Is One Model That Drives OD? Introducing the Action Research Model 1. Recognize an organizational problem 2. Hire a consultant 3. Investigate the organization 4. Collect information about the problem 5. Feed back information about the problem 6. Get agreement on the problem 7. Collect information about the solution 8. Feed back information about the solution 9. Get agreement on a solution 10. Collect information on an action plan 11. Feed back information 12. Get agreement on an action plan 13. Implement the action plan 14. Evaluate results 15. Ensure acceptance 16. Have consultant depart

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THANK YOU - A Presentation by Vichitra Jain Sudhakar Sumitra Srikanth Ruhe Srinivasalu

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