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1 Department of Agriculture Government of Maharashtra Rabi Campaign 2009 National Conference on Agriculture Maharashtra State 24 th – 25 th September 2009 for

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2 80.36

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3 VIDARBHA MARATHWADA KHANDESH WESTERN MAHARASHTRA KONKAN Area (Lakh Ha.) Normal Kharif Rabi 5.12 0.32 20.21 3.22 20.53 25.03 40.23 20.56 48.89 7.15 134.98 56.28

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4 % Rainall No. of Tahasils 20-40 12 40-60 54 60-80 132 80-100 89 100-120 36 Above 120 32 Talukawise Rainfall Intensity up to 22 nd September

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5 % to Normal Below 20 20 -40 40 - 60 60 - 80 80 -100 100 -120 Above 120 Total June 65 112 77 50 27 12 12 355 July 3 18 33 61 75 70 95 355 Aug. 9 62 83 72 43 23 63 355 Sept. 0 7 55 109 99 49 36 355 Classification of Number of Talukas according to Rainfall Percentage 304 115 226 171

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6 45.5% 105.4% 61.5% 88.7% NORMAL - ACTUAL - Month wise Rainfall - 2009-10 Progressive Rainfall ( upto 22 nd Sept 09) Normal – 1055.9 Actual – 825.2 % to normal – 78.10 Previous year – 96.9 %

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7 August July 8 days 19 days Total dry spell – 27 days From-24 th July to 19 th August Dry spell

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8 94% 61% 224% 55% 69% 78% NORMAL - ACTUAL - Cereals - Sowing Status 2009-10 Area-Lakh Ha

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9 NORMAL - ACTUAL - Pulses - Sowing Status 2009-10 105% 58% 61% 47% Area-Lakh Ha

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10 72% 45% 54% 61% 212% 35% Oilseeds - Sowing Status 2009-10 Area-Lakh Ha

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11 81% 77% 166% 120% 136% Kharif - Sowing Status 2009-10

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12 Foodgrains Sugarcane Cotton Oilseeds ( 45% ) ( 25% ) ( 25% ) ( 5% ) Kharif - Sowing Status 2009-10

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13 5% 17% 68% 80% 90% 90% Area under BT Cotton Area-Lakh Ha % to total area under cotton

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14 Last three years Area & production and first estimate Kharif 2009 CEREALS Production-Lakh Tonnes Area – Lakh Ha.

Reasons for low yield in Cereals:

15 Reasons for low yield in Cereals Paddy Late monsoon ( first rain-28 th June) has delayed raising of nurseries by 15 to 30 days .One lakh hector area could not be sown Insufficient rains and dry spell ( 23 July to 19 August) has delayed transplantation of paddy by 15 to 30 days Delayed transplantation has resulted in less numbers of tillers in eastern Vidarbha. Dry spell after transplanting paddy crop affects by Army worm and Stem borer.

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16 Jowar Severe water stress during vegetative growth stage resulted in stunted growth Dry spell affected at critical growth stage (primordial stage) reduces the yield . Dry spell coincides with aphids infestation Bajara Short duration crop ( 80 to 90 days) Crop is grown in light soil which have low moisture retention capacity Water stress affected tillering stage resulted in less numbers of tillers Insufficient rains and dry spell affected adversely .

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17 PULSES Last three years Area & production and first estimate Kharif 2009 Production-Lakh Tonnes Area – Lakh Ha.

Reasons for low yield in Pulses:

18 Moog and Udid Short duration crop (moog - 60 to 65days & udid 68 to 78 days ) Dry spell affects the vegetative and flowering stage . Tur- Long duration crop – 160 to 180 days Dry spell affected adversely on vegetative growth in light soils Reasons for low yield in Pulses

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19 OILSEEDS Last three years Area & production and first estimate Kharif 2009 Production-Lakh Tonnes Area – Lakh Ha.

Reasons for low yield in Oilseeds:

20 Soybean Mono culture Highly moisture sensitive crop, requires ample soil moisture in vegetative growth stage and flowering stage, Deficient moisture resulted in shedding of flowers Dry spell condition coincided with high pest infestation of semilooper and spodoptera, Due to dry spell farmers avoided spraying. Reasons for low yield in Oilseeds

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21 COTTON Last three years Area & production and first estimate Kharif 2009 Production-Lakh Bales Area – Lakh Ha.

Reasons for low yield in Cotton:

22 Delayed sowing (15 days) which may result in reduction of yield about -10 to 15 % Due to dry spell, crop affected adversely in light soils, which may result in reduction of yield Infection of Sucking pests (Aphid, Jassids etc.) Reasons for low yield in Cotton

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23 SUGARCANE Last three years Area & production and first estimate Kharif 2009 Production – Crores Tonnes Area – Lakh Ha.

Production in Lakh tonnes, Cotton = Lakh bales of 170 kg each:

Production in Lakh tonnes, Cotton = Lakh bales of 170 kg each Crop group Kharif 2008-09 Production Kharif 2009-10 Comparison % Target Estimated Prodn. To 2008-09. To Target 2009-10 Cereals 55.17 73.54 46.49 - 16 - 37 Pulses 8.36 18.93 8.53 2 - 55 Foodgrains 63.53 92.47 55.02 - 13 - 41 Oilseeds 22.03 49.50 25.32 15 - 49 Cotton ( Lint) 49.43 70.45 48.75 - 1 - 31 Sugarcane ( Harvested) 584.17 731.00 475.53 - 19 - 35 Estimated Production Kharif 2009-10

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25 Kharif Area Assesment Crops 2008-09 Target 2009-10 Area 2009-10 Tentative Comparison To Target Area Prod Yield Area Prod Yield Cereals 40.51 55.17 1362 46.50 42.78 46.49 1087 -8 Pulses 18.32 8.36 457 25.88 19.90 8.53 429 -23 Foodgrains 58.82 63.53 1080 72.38 62.67 55.02 878 -13 Oilseeds 35.26 22.03 625 35.54 34.64 25.32 731 -3 Sugarcane 7.70 584.17 76 8.50 7.36 475.53 65 -13 Cotton (Lint) 31.42 49.43 267 30.50 34.95 48.75 237 15 TOTAL 133.20 146.92 139.62 - 5 Production of Cotton in lakh bales of 170 kg each, productivity of Sugarcane in Tonnes/ha. Area in lakh ha., Production in lakh MT, Productivity in kg/ha.

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26 Rabi / Summer Prospects Crops Normal Area 2008-09 2009-10 Plan Area Prod Yield Area Prod Yield Cereals 39.89 43.97 42.80 973 46.56 46.64 1002 Pulses 8.80 12.51 8.73 698 13.52 9.66 714 Food-grains 48.69 56.48 51.53 912 60.08 56.30 937 Oilseeds 6.10 5.11 4.06 795 6.76 4.86 719 Total 54.79 61.59 66.84 Area - lakh ha., Production - lakh MT, Productivity - kg/ha.

National Food Security Mission:

27 National Food Security Mission Rice - 6 districts Bhandara, Chandrapur, Gadchiroli, Gondia, Nasik, Pune Wheat - 8 Districts Ahmednagar, Aurangabad, Dhule, Nagpur, Nasik, Parbhani, Pune, Solapur Pulses - 18 Districts Ahmednagar, Akola, Amravati, Aurangabad, Buldhana, Chandrapur, Hingoli, Jalgaon, Jalana, Latur, Nagpur, Nanded, Nasik, Osmanabad, Parbhani, Wardha, Wasim, Yavatmal

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28

Progress Report -August - 2009:

29 29 Progress Report -August - 2009 National Food Security Mission 2009-10 Rs. In lakh

Seed Planning -Rabi- 2009:

30 30 Seed Planning - Rabi- 2009 Crops Requirement Rabi-2009 Expected Source wise availability MSSC NSC Pvt. Total Cereals 5.66 2.751 0.08 3.93 6.76 Pulses 1.46 0.72 0.05 0.83 1.60 Oilseeds 0.20 0.06 0.02 0.07 0.15 Other Crops 0.03 0 0 0.03 0.03 Total 7.35 3.53 0.15 4.86 8.54 Lakh Qtl.

Seed Planning:

31 31 Seed Planning State is ahead in SRR Soyabean – 58% Bajra – 92% Udid – 47% Plan to increase SRR in - Gram - 19 % - Saffower - 22 % - Rabi Jowar –14 % Ten year (2008 to 2018) Seed production plan has been prepared.

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32 Seed Distribution – Public/ Private sector Lakh Qtls.

Fertiliser Planning Rabi- 2009:

33 33 Fertiliser Planning Rabi- 2009 Grade Approved Demand Urea 10.50 A. Sulphate 0.29 CAN 0.17 DAP 7.0 SSP 3.30 SOP 0.04 MOP 3.00 Complexes 5.00 Total 29.30 Lakh MT

FFS to Promote IPM:

34 FFS to Promote IPM * No. of ToF Held - 108 * Total facilitators – 3148 Farmers Trained – 6.85 lakh

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35 Major Activities 2008-09 2009-10 (Plan) Farmers training(21 days) - 64020 50977 farmers Demonstrations - 8627 5256 Exposure Visits - 34285 46020 Exhibitions - 29 33 Literature published - 301 354 Mobilisation of farmer groups - 1271 1533 Farmer –Scientist interaction - 66 66 Kisan Goshti - 352 429 no. of events Farmer awards - 7 165 Extension Reforms ATMA

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36 36 More than 67 registered manufacturers of drip & sprinklers in the State (2009-10) More than 16.64 lakh ha. area under fruit crops More than 7.09 lakh ha. area covered under Micro irrigation under horticultural & cash crops - 4.86 lakh ha.area under Drip irrigation - 2.23 lakh ha. area under sprinkler irrigation Micro-irrigation :

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37 Maharashtra State Rashtriy Krishi Vikas Yojana

C-DAP Status:

38 C-DAP Status C-DAP prepared for All 33 Districts Proposed outlay in C-DAP Stream I : 17621.89 Crores Stream II : 9287.43 Crores Total : 26909.32 Crores

Department wise proposed outlay through C-DAP:

39 Department wise proposed outlay through C-DAP Sr. No. Name of the Department Outlay Proposed ( Rs. In crore) Stream I Stream II Total 1 Agriculture 3619.89 1600.78 5220.67 2 Water Conservation 2337.55 3325.24 5662.79 3 Horticulture 1612.05 1274.52 2886.57 4 Animal Husbandary 945.12 299.31 1244.42 5 Dairy Development 778.36 93.97 872.33 6 Fishries 226.32 139.42 365.74 7 Minor Irrigation 4901.56 1340.52 6242.08 8 Sericulture 1341.15 204.68 1545.83 9 Social Forestry 264.40 502.11 766.52 10 Co-operation & Marketing 403.37 210.86 614.23 11 Others 1192.12 296.01 1488.13 Total 17621.89 9287.43 26909.32

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40 Year GoI . Project Sanctioned by SLSC Grants Received 2007-08 149.00 149.00 128.20 2008-09 269.63 311.76 261.77 2009-10 407.24 244.3 215.32 Total 825.87 705.06 605.29 Administrative Approval and Grants Received for RKVY Rs. In crores Rs.177.48 Cr. Received in Sept.2009

Present Status of projects and expenditure under RKVY in 07-08, 08-09 & 09-10 .:

41 Present Status of projects and expenditure under RKVY in 07-08, 08-09 & 09-10 . Rs. in crores Sr. No Name of the project Grants Released by GOI Expenditure for 07-08, 08-09 & 09-10 Physical Target Physical Achievement 1 C-DAP 3.10 2.13 33.00 33.00 2 Farm pond 216.52 216.52 39000.00 39000.00 3 Repairs of Malgujari tanks 20.00 20.00 1000 525 4 Repair of Bodies 0.00 0.00 1333 - 5 Shallow tube wells 1.26 1.26 174 4 6 Onion Storage Structure 15.00 15.00 100000 MT 100000 MT 7 Accrediation of P.A.C. godown 20.00 20.00 1000 800 8 Improving A.I Delivery System 8.00 8.00 1400000 Purchase of required instruments for AI. 9 Breed Village Scheme 0.00 0.00 10 Establishing Fruit & Vegetable Processing Laboratory at Amarawati 0.54 0.54 11 Financial Assistance to control Tobacco leaf eating Caterpillar 25.00 25.00 12 Distribution of seeds under PM package 20.00 20.00 13 Establishment of Hatcheries ( IPD) Blocks 00.00 0.00 14 Programme yet to be given 275.87 0.00 Total 605.29 328.45

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42 Convergence Of Various Schemes Pump sets being supplied to the beneficiaries /group of beneficiaries from various schemes viz. NFSM,SCP etc. Sprinkler sets being supplied from various schemes and sets supplied earlier will also be used for protective irrigation. Cotton demonstrations arranged on farm ponds.

Macro Management of Agriculture (WORK PLAN) Including State Share (Rs. In Crore):

43 Macro Management of Agriculture (WORK PLAN) Including State Share (Rs. In Crore ) Schemes 2008-09 2009-10 Released Grants Utilized Grants Sanctioned Plan Released Grants NRM 53.57 53.52 43.88 18.85 EXTN & INPUT 79.50 76.30 58.10 31.76 TOTAL 133.07 129.82 101.98 50.61

Accelerated Pulses Production Project (APPP):

44 Accelerated Pulses Production Project (APPP) Crop:- Gram To increase the productivity & production All NFSM districts (18 Nos.) 5 clusters of 1000 ha. in each district Total Area of 87500 ha. Cost Norm :- Rs. 2000 for 0.40 ha. Total Cost :- Rs. 43.75 Crores

Input Kit :

45 Input Kit Accelerated Pulses Production Project (APPP) 2000 Grand Total 1200 Total for Plant Protection 500 One liter/kg Weedicides 500 One liter Insecticide 200 3gm/kg of seed Fungicide for seed treatment IPM 800 Total 20 4 kg Urea (for foliar spray) 20 One packet PSB culture 20 One packet Rhizobium culture 500 10 kg Mironurients (Zinc Sulphate, Borax, Ferrous sulphate) 240 80 kg Gypsum INM Cost (Rs) Quantity Item For the area of 0.4 ha.

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46 Awareness Cum Surveillance Programme for the Management of Major Pest of Soybean-Cotton based Cropping System in Maharashtra 2009-10 Under Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana Rabi Conference 24-25 th Sept.2009

Background of Project:

47 Background of Project Soybean is major cash crop in Vidarbha and Marathwada Region Lacunas observed : a) . Lack of pest surveillance b). Unawareness in insect and pest Management In year 2008-09 heavy outbreak of pests on soybean recorded 15 Lakh ha. Damage. Heavy loss in production. State Government paid Rs. 451 crores financial aid to farmers Central team visited affected area & suggested project under RKVY

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48 Coverage of Soybean & Cotton in Maharashtra Area in Lakh Ha. Other crops Cotton Soyabean

Area of operation:

Area of operation For pest surveillance :-28 districts excluding Gondia District & Konkan Division Total 271 Tahasils for survey, advisory and IPM Total Villages- 29,927 46 % of the total kharif area is covered under this project

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50 Silent Features

Institutions involved in Project:

51 Institutions involved in Project Sr. No. Name of Institute 1 State Agriculture Department, Maharashtra, Pune 2 National Centre for Integrated Pest Management (NCIPM), New Delhi 3 Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth (PDKV), Akola 4 Marathwada Agricultural University (MAU), Parbhani 5 Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth (MPKV), Rahuri 6 Central Institute for Cotton Research (CICR), Nagpur 7 Directorate of Soybean Research (DOSR), Indore 8 Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture (CRIDA), Hyderabad

Steering Committee:

52 Steering Committee Sh. Prabhakar Deshmukh, Chairman Dr.O.M.Bambawale, Co-Chairman Sh.Ashok Lokande, Member – St. Agri. Dept. Dr.B.B.Bhosle, Member – MAU Dr.Ajith Chandele, Member – MPKV Dr.U.P.Barkhade, Member – PDKV Dr.K.R.Kranthi, Member – CICR Dr.Amarnath Sharma, Member – DOSR Dr.G.G.S.N.Rao, Member – CRIDA Dr.P.Jeyakumar, Technical Coordinator, Sh.Arjun Phule, Member Secretary,

Convergence of schemes:

53 Convergence of schemes For pest surveillance :- Rs. 12.79 Crore For IPM in Soybean & Cotton:- Rs. 12.21 Crore TOTAL under RKVY :- Rs. 25.00 Crore Intensive Cotton Development Scheme : Rs 6.80 Crore ISOPOM :- Rs. 2.81 Crore Total Amount :- Rs. 34.61 Crore

Execution of Surveillance Programme:

Execution of Surveillance Programme

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55 NCIPM Database Server Flow chart of e -Pest Surveillance Data Collection Net connected Laptop upload Reports Advisory Data Processed by SAUs, DOSR Indore, CICR Nagpur, CDIDA Hydrabad Users

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56

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57 Advisory Search Advisory View

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58 Severe Situations Handled Continuous watch on Online Reports. Above ETL level places - inspection by - Dist. Pest Surveillance Committee -State Department ,SAUs & Stake holders Awareness through various media Supply of Inputs. Campaign for IPM management.

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59 Spodoptera Semilooper

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60 60 Soybean Pest Situation -2008 Vs 2009

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61 It is requested to extend Pest and disease surveillance scheme for Chickpea and Pigeon pea in Rabi 2009 Pest and disease surveillance scheme to be included in Work Plan for major crops. Electric Motor / Diesel Pump set/Petrol or Kerosene pump with sprinkler sets needs to be included under ISOPOM. ISOPOM - Undisbursed Grants of 2007-08 (Rs. 1490.41 lakhs), 2008-09 (Rs. 582.83 lakhs) & 2009-10 (Rs. 2244.34 lakhs) may be released NFSM State Publicity grants Rs 243.14 lakh to be released. Utilisation Certificates submitted.The programme has already been implemented. Issues

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62 62 Rs.28.48 Cr. need to be granted to drought affected farmers from 221 Tahsils for seed subsidy under NFSM .Subsidy rates need to be increased upto 50% for cereals & 75 % for pulses. Revolving fund for seed production. The research varieties be brought under the scrutiny of respective SAUs before their release. Subsidy for agricultural mechanisation - 50%. Higher subsidies for micro irrigation upto75% for Vidarbha & Marathwada as the rainfed area is more than 90 %

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63 Buffer stock scheme for Urea, DAP & Complexes may please be revived. Increased area under Bt-Cotton & Soyabean has increased the demand for DAP & Complexes SSP plants are closed since last 6 to 8 months for want of rock phosphate which resulted in increased demand for DAP Sufficient rakes should be made available by railway authorities for smooth movement of fertilizers. Buffer Stock Scheme for seed may be introduced to make sufficient availability of breeder , foundation & certified seeds

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64 10 more Railway rake points & godowns in remote areas required to overcome fertiliser shortages , For promoting inter state trade present railway network needs to be provided with refrigeration facilities for transportation of fruits & vegetables all over the country

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65 Thank You

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