Training-Methods

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T raining M ethods

1 Why Study Training Methods?:

1 Why Study Training Methods? TM are the means people use to achieve performance objectives of the contents of a training programme . It is important to know which method may help trainees acquire desired skills, knowledge and attitudes

2 Who Select Training Methods?:

2 Who Select Training Methods? Trainers Trainers apply How applied ? Motivation Liking Efficient Meet Objective

3 What are Training Methods?:

3 What are Training Methods? Lectures Discussions Demonstrations Simulations Practical Exercises Projects Individualized Learning Case Studies On the Job Training Work Site Visits Computer Assisted

3 What are Training Methods?:

3 What are Training Methods? Methods Procedures Techniques Processes Training Programme Untrained Person Trained Person

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Describing Trainees- characteristics General Age Gender Education Level Aptitude to learn Cultural Factors No. of Trainees

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Describing Trainees- characteristics Specific Prerequisites Skills Target Skills Study Skills Attitudes

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Describing Trainers Teaching Qualifications Technical Know-how Skill Level Attitude towards trainees & Training Individual Initiative

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Identify Constraints Budget Availability Facilities Availability Time Available for Training

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Identifying Characteristics of Methods

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It is a teacher centered Activity where trainees listen to and watch the trainer present a lesson Lecture Method One way Notes taken by students Serves Large Number Less Costly Little interaction Little Retention Don’t Promote individual learning No Problem Solving Skills No Opportunity to Manipulate, tools, machines or materials

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The trainer direct trainees discussions of topics. Trainees answer Questions & sometimes initiate their Questions for the trainer Discussion Method Takes more time Effective with small groups Improves Communication Skills Actively involve trainees Good Learning

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It is another teacher centered Method where trainees get a chance to watch certain manual skills. Trainer shows trainees how To use a tool, machine or process Demonstration Method Requires Skilled Trainer Requires equipments…. May be a Workshop, Lab No Interaction of trainees with tools….

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It gives trainees a chance to practice certain observable skills. Trainees are guided by the trainer. Job or assignment sheets give trainees specific instructions Practical Exercises Promote interest & Enthusiasm Opportunity to work with tools, machines Repetition may kill enthusiasm May require tools, machines, materials….

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Projects are trainee centered. Trainees collect data, design the Project and actually produce a Finished product may be under the guidance of trainer Projects Individual or Group projects Promote team work Promote Communication May be Costly May require equipments Cant be applied to Large No

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It involve trainees in solution of a problem. Usually working in small groups, trainees study a Problem described in a case. Case Studies Examine Real Situation Builds skills in Communication Problem solving Creativity Method is Costly Time Consuming Sometimes no solutions

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Used to develop job skills and Supplement class room training Teacher centered & trainees get Opportunity to feel real job Environment for learning On the Job Training Costly Supervisors loose interest Hard to schedule Priorities may be different Good Learning Environment

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Visitations to work sites offer trainees a good chance to see the application of skills and knowledge in real situations Work Site Visits Check list to observe Trainers observe learning Costly Time Consuming Observing Large Group

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Trainee direct their own learning with the computer assisted method Computer Assisted Trainer Validate Learning Useful Time Consuming Updating Processors Skilled Trainers

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