group dynamics

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PRESENTATION ON GROUP DYNAMICS IN OB : 

PRESENTATION ON GROUP DYNAMICS IN OB

INTRODUCTION:-In organizational Behaviour there are major themes. In that major themes one of them is “GROUP DYNAMICS”.Group Dynamics is defined as several individuals who come together to accomplish a particular task or goal. Group dynamics refers to the attitudinal and behavioral characteristics of a group. : 

INTRODUCTION:-In organizational Behaviour there are major themes. In that major themes one of them is “GROUP DYNAMICS”.Group Dynamics is defined as several individuals who come together to accomplish a particular task or goal. Group dynamics refers to the attitudinal and behavioral characteristics of a group.

Group dynamics:-1.Organizations involve the development of formal and informal work groups built around specializations.2.Groups develop norms(means completion of works in proper form ) (shared beliefs, values, and assumptions) and expect conformity through reward and punishment.3.Norms generate organizational stability, but can lead to overconformity.4.When a group becomes institutionalized, the norms become the basis for a cohesive group and an organizational subculture. : 

Group dynamics:-1.Organizations involve the development of formal and informal work groups built around specializations.2.Groups develop norms(means completion of works in proper form ) (shared beliefs, values, and assumptions) and expect conformity through reward and punishment.3.Norms generate organizational stability, but can lead to overconformity.4.When a group becomes institutionalized, the norms become the basis for a cohesive group and an organizational subculture.

In Group dynamics there are two types :-1.Group Developments2.Group Types : 

In Group dynamics there are two types :-1.Group Developments2.Group Types

GROUP DEVELOPMENT:-In group development, group dynamics is concerned with why and how groups develop. There are several theories as to why groups developIn Group Developments there are three theories:-1.classic theories2.social exchange theories3.social identity theories : 

GROUP DEVELOPMENT:-In group development, group dynamics is concerned with why and how groups develop. There are several theories as to why groups developIn Group Developments there are three theories:-1.classic theories2.social exchange theories3.social identity theories

Classic Theories:- Developed by George Homans, suggests that groups develop based on activities, interactions, and sentiments. Basically, the theory means that when individuals share common activities, they will have more interaction and will develop attitudes (positive or negative) toward each other. The major element in this theory is the interaction of the individuals involved. : 

Classic Theories:- Developed by George Homans, suggests that groups develop based on activities, interactions, and sentiments. Basically, the theory means that when individuals share common activities, they will have more interaction and will develop attitudes (positive or negative) toward each other. The major element in this theory is the interaction of the individuals involved.

Social Exchange Theories:-It  offers an alternative explanation for group development. According to this theory, individuals form relationships based on the implicit expectation of mutually beneficial exchanges based on trust and felt obligation. : 

Social Exchange Theories:-It  offers an alternative explanation for group development. According to this theory, individuals form relationships based on the implicit expectation of mutually beneficial exchanges based on trust and felt obligation.

Social Identity Theories:- It offers another explanation for group formation. Simply put, this theory suggests that individuals get a sense of identity and self-esteem based upon their membership in salient groups : 

Social Identity Theories:- It offers another explanation for group formation. Simply put, this theory suggests that individuals get a sense of identity and self-esteem based upon their membership in salient groups

One of them there is Tuckman's theory.There are five stages of group developments are  forming, storming, norming, performing, and adjourning. : 

One of them there is Tuckman's theory.There are five stages of group developments are  forming, storming, norming, performing, and adjourning.

Group Types:-In group dynamics there are two primary groups means face to face interaction are:-1. formal(task oriented)2. informal : 

Group Types:-In group dynamics there are two primary groups means face to face interaction are:-1. formal(task oriented)2. informal

Formal Groups:- Formal work groups are established by an organization to achieve organizational goals. Formal groups may take the form of command groups, task groups, and functional groups. : 

Formal Groups:- Formal work groups are established by an organization to achieve organizational goals. Formal groups may take the form of command groups, task groups, and functional groups.

COMMAND GROUPS:-Command groups are specified by the organizational chart and often consist of a supervisor and the subordinates that report to that supervisor. An example of a command group is an academic department chairman and the faculty members in that department. : 

COMMAND GROUPS:-Command groups are specified by the organizational chart and often consist of a supervisor and the subordinates that report to that supervisor. An example of a command group is an academic department chairman and the faculty members in that department.

TASK GROUPS:-Task groups consist of people who work together to achieve a common task. Members are brought together to accomplish a narrow range of goals within a specified time period. Task group means work should we done in force : 

TASK GROUPS:-Task groups consist of people who work together to achieve a common task. Members are brought together to accomplish a narrow range of goals within a specified time period. Task group means work should we done in force

FUNCTIONAL GROUPS:-A functional group is created by the organization to accomplish specific goals within an unspecified time frame. Examples of functional groups would be a marketing department, a customer service department, : 

FUNCTIONAL GROUPS:-A functional group is created by the organization to accomplish specific goals within an unspecified time frame. Examples of functional groups would be a marketing department, a customer service department,

Informal :-  Informal groups can take the form of interest groups, friendship groups, or reference groups. : 

Informal :-  Informal groups can take the form of interest groups, friendship groups, or reference groups.

INTEREST GROUPS:-Interest groups usually continue over time and may last longer than general informal groups.  An example of an interest group would be students who come together to form a study group for a specific class. : 

INTEREST GROUPS:-Interest groups usually continue over time and may last longer than general informal groups.  An example of an interest group would be students who come together to form a study group for a specific class.

FRIENDSHIP GROUPS:-Friendship groups are formed by members who enjoy similar social activities, political beliefs, religious values, or other common bonds. For example, a group of employees who form a friendship group may have an exercise group, a softball team, or a potluck lunch once a month. : 

FRIENDSHIP GROUPS:-Friendship groups are formed by members who enjoy similar social activities, political beliefs, religious values, or other common bonds. For example, a group of employees who form a friendship group may have an exercise group, a softball team, or a potluck lunch once a month.

REFERENCE GROUPS:-A reference group is a type of group that people use to evaluate themselves.   For example: the reference group for a new employee of an organization may be a group of employees that work in a different department or even a different organization. Family, friends, and religious affiliations are strong reference groups for most individuals. : 

REFERENCE GROUPS:-A reference group is a type of group that people use to evaluate themselves.   For example: the reference group for a new employee of an organization may be a group of employees that work in a different department or even a different organization. Family, friends, and religious affiliations are strong reference groups for most individuals.

In group dynamics there is also” GROUP COHESIVENESS”Cohesiveness refers to the bonding of group members and their desire to remain part of the group. Generally speaking, the more difficult it is to obtain group membership the more cohesive the group. : 

In group dynamics there is also” GROUP COHESIVENESS”Cohesiveness refers to the bonding of group members and their desire to remain part of the group. Generally speaking, the more difficult it is to obtain group membership the more cohesive the group.

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