TAMING OF THE SHREW

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William Shakespeare's Taming of the shrew

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TAMING OF THE shrew:

TAMING OF THE shrew By William Shakespeare

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shrew The title is a metaphor comparing Katharina Minola to a shrew, a mouse-like mammal that is extremely mean-tempered. So the title explains to us the Taming of Katharina Minola.

Type of work:

Type of work ....... The Taming of the Shrew is a stage play in the form of a romantic comedy that satirizes silly or unfair social customs and courting practices, often through farce. Farce is a type of comedy that relies on exaggeration, horseplay, and unrealistic or improbable situations to provoke laughter. In a farce, plotting takes precedence over characterization.

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Key dates Date Written: About 1592. First Performance: Not established. Historical records indicate, however, that actors may have performed the play in 1594 at Newington Butts near London Bridge. First Printing: 1623 as part of the First Folio, the first authorized collection of Shakespeare's plays.

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source Shakespeare based a subplot in The Taming of the Shrew on Gli Suppositi ( The Suppositions ), by Ludovico Ariosto (1474-1535). Some scholars believe A Pleasant and Conceited History Called the Taming of the Shrew (probably 1594) was a source, but other scholars believe that play was a corrupt version of Shakespeare’s play.

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STRUCTURE A Story Within a Story The Taming of the Shrew is a story within a story. The play resembles the structure of the so-called frame tale , a literary work in which one story presents another story, or several stories. The inner stories are like a painting; the outer story is like its frame—hence, the term frame tale.

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settings The action in the induction takes place in the English countryside… front of an alehouse – this is where the nobleman/lord found Christopher Sly bedroom in the house of a lord – this is where the lord let the Sly sleep

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The play takes place in various locations in… Padua - Padua is in northern Italy on the Bacchiglione River. Padua is about 30 miles west of Venice. This is where the Minola’s house is located. Verona - this is where Petruchio came from. Pisa – this is where Lucentio came from at a house in the nearby countryside - this where Katharina and Petruchio lived. settings

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CHARACTERS Characters appearing in the Induction: Christopher Sly – a drunken tinker A Lord – landowner who plays a trick to Christopher Sly. Bartholomew – A page boy (servant) Acting Troupe

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Protagonist of the story: Katherina (Kate) Minola – the "shrew" of the title, a sharp-tongued, quick-tempered, and prone to violence, particularly against anyone who tries to marry her. Petruchio – (son of Antonio) a friend of Hortensio and a suitor of Katherina , came from Verona and went to Padua to try his fortune there because his father, Antonio, just passed away. CHARACTERS

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Major Characters: Baptista Minola – father of Katherina and Bianca Bianca – sister of Katherina , Bianca means “white” and indeed she is whiter that her sister. Lucentio – came from Pisa and went to Padua to pursue his education but then he fall in love with Bianca and soon became one of the suitors of Bianca Gremio – elderly suitor of Bianca Hortensio – suitor of Bianca and friend to Petruchio Cambio - Lucentio disguised as a Greek and Latin Tutor Litio – Hortensio disguised as a Music and Mathematics Tutor CHARACTERS

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Minor Characters: Vincentio – father of Lucentio A widow Servants of Petruchio: CHARACTERS Grumio Nicholas Curtis Nathaniel Philip Joseph Peter Servants of Lucentio: Tranio Biondello

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In The Taming of the Shrew , the story of Christopher Sly is the frame. The five-act play, presented before Sly by an acting troupe, is the inner story. The play has two story lines: the main plot, involving Petruchio and Katharina the subplot, involving Bianca and her suitors. STRUCTURE

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Plot: The induction A Lord(nobleman) returning from a hunt finds a sleeping drunkard named Christopher Sly . Deciding to play a trick on him, the Lord directs his servants to carry Sly to the best bedroom in his home, dress him in finery, and anoint him with perfumes. The servants are to pretend that he is a great lord who has just come to his senses after 15 years of insanity. Sly awakens, and the Lord then has a traveling acting troupe perform a play for Sly called The Taming of the Shrew .

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Plot: the act ......Lovely Bianca Minola has many admirers in Padua . The suitors of Bianca are Hortensio, Gremio, and Lucentio. However, Bianca’s father, Baptista Minola , decrees that she may receive suitors if her beautiful but shrewish sister, Katharina , receives a proposal of marriage and goes to the altar. The three young men then decided to marry off to Katharina to someone. It so happens that Petruchio , a gentleman from Verona—is visiting at Hortensio’s house.

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Plot: the act ..Petruchio, whose father, Antonio, has recently died, has come to Padua to seek his fortune and find a wife. Hortensio tells Petruchio of a beautiful woman with a large dowry but ill-tempered girl. If he will court her, they swear, they will help pay the cost of courting her. Petruchio agrees to court Katharina.

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Plot: the act When Petruchio came at the Minola household, Katharina is chasing Bianca. Katharina complains to her father that he favors Bianca over her. Katharina exits just as Petruchio enters with Gremio, Lucentio, Hortensio, and two servants. Lucentio and Hortensio are in disguise—Lucentio as a Greek and Latin tutor and Hortensio as a music and mathematics teacher —as part of the plan to gain access to Bianca. Baptista thought they have come in response to his earlier-expressed desire to hire schoolmasters to educate his daughters.

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Plot: the act .......When Petruchio and Katharina meet the first time, Petruchio daringly announces that he plans to court her. She reacts with a shower of insults, and he rejoins with playful mocking, then tries to calm her. Katharina slaps him. He threatens to strike back if she slaps him again. Later, after more verbal firework, Petruchio uses reverse psychology on her, telling her that she is so gentle, pleasant and courteous instead of telling her that she is rough, shameless and angry.

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Plot: the act .......When Baptista enters the room and asks how the two are getting along, Katharina criticizes Petruchio with more insults. But Petruchio, daring as ever, says Kate has declared her love for him, showered him with kisses, and love him with such swiftness that they have agreed to marry on the following Sunday. Baptista, extremely pleased, says the matter is settled: Katharina will marry Petruchio.

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Plot: the act Baptista then turns his attention to Bianca, decreeing that, on the Sunday following Katharina’s wedding, Bianca will marry the man who provides the largest dowry. In the end, Baptista accepts the proposal made on behalf of Lucentio, because his father is said to own three large argosies (merchant ships), two galliasses (fast warships with three masts), and twelve tight galleys (ships using oars and/or sails). Meanwhile, the servant of Hortensio convinced him to  move on and forget Bianca. Then later on Hortensio married a rich widow.

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On the day of Katharina’s wedding. Petruchio arrives late on a old horse. He is wearing common clothes and is accompanied by an untidy servant, Grumio. During the wedding, he behaves badly. First, he curses. Then he kisses the bride with “a loud smack”, snubbing the wedding feast, he carries Katharina off to his country house. Grumio accompanies them. On the rode Katharina falls from the horse into mud. Petruchio blames Grumio for Katharina’s fall and beats him until Katharina comes to Grumio’s rescue. Plot: the act

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Once at the country house, Petruchio means to please his new wife in every way........So he bullies and criticizes the servants for every shortcoming, real or imagined. When meat arrives, he pretends that it is burnt and throw it to the floor. When he scolds the servants, Katharina attempts to calm him, saying the meat was well prepared. But Petruchio insists that it was burnt and declares it would be better if both of them ate nothing at all. Katharina goes to bed on an empty stomach. All night long, Petruchio complains about the arrangement of the bed covers, and Katharina cannot sleep. Plot: the act

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..After Petruchio and Katharina travel to Padua for a visit, Petruchio orders new clothes for his wife. When the outfitter arrives and displays her new apparel, Petruchio finds fault with every garment even though Katharina dearly loves a cap. Frustrated, Kate said, “Love me or love me not, I like the cap, / And I will have it, or I will have none” She gets no cap, no gown, no anything. Plot: the act

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....... On the way back to Padua, Petruchio observes that the moon shines “bright and goodly”. Katharina tells him that the sun, not the moon, is shining. When Petruchio insists that it is the moon, Katharina — now ready to agree with Petruchio about anything for her own peace of mind — says, And be it moon, or sun, or what you please. Plot: the act

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When Katharina agrees with him, he says: “Nay, then you lie: it is the blessed sun” In a final display of submission to his will, Katharina says: “Then God be blessed, it is the blessed sun, But it is not the sun when you say it is not, And the moon changes even as your mind.” Katharina has been tamed. Plot: the act

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.......Back in Padua, Lucentio is married to Bianca; because Lucentio’s father, Vincentio, has promised for his son and approved the marriage, Baptista is satisfied. And Hortensio is also married to a rich widow. Meanwhile, while celebrating their marriages at a feast at Lucentio’s house, the men converse while the women chat in a parlor. Plot: the act

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In the middle of the fun among the men, Tranio—a servant of Lucentio—taunts Petruchio, claiming that Katharina controls him. Baptista , well aware of Katharina’s quarrelsome ways, agrees with Tranio. Petruchio then proposes a wager to prove whose wife is the most obedient. Each husband will send a servant to call for their wives. The husband of the wife who responds first wins the bet. They all agree to the wager and set the prize at a hundred crowns. The three husbands wait, but only Katharina comes forth. Petruchio won the wager. Plot: the act

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The other ladies continue chatting idly in the parlor. Later, when the other two wives come forth, Katharina lectures them on the importance of wifely submission that they should be a good, obedient and loving wives. They were all astonished of the transformation of the shrewish Kate before.The story ends Petruchio saying “Come on, Kiss me Kate”. ~the end~ Plot: the act

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CONFLICT “The conflict of the story is the shrewish attitude of the protagonist Kate, the part where no one wants to marry her.”

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solution “The solution to the problem is that when Petruchio courted Kate and marry her off. Petruchio tried to tame her by using the reverse psychology.”

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climax “The climax of the story is when the three newly wed gentlemen had a wager to prove whose wife is the most obedient to their husband and Petruchio won the wager because only Kate comes forth. “

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MESSAGE The message of the story is that: “obey and love your husband” “do not be so such a shrewish girl or else you’ll be an old maid” “do not have any favoritism among your children” “help others to change their bad attitudes” “don’t be ashamed of what your husband looks like”

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Presentation made by: Emmylou Nicolas :) Thank you for listening!

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