Short-Term Memory: Short-Term Memory Brain Research Project Hannah Brooke Flatt Slide 2: Short-Term Memory is the section of the memory storage system of limited capacity that stores information for only a brief amount of time. Holds about 7 items of information. You will retain this information until you wonder off, but when you wonder off the information is gone. This information is known as “pointers” The information isn’t detailed pieces. It’s linked to current electrical activity taking place in the neurons. You probably suffer from Short-Term Memory Loss If you can’t remember: : You probably suffer from Short-Term Memory Loss If you can’t remember: Phone Numbers Dates Adresses Zip Codes Important Information, ect . Another example would be from the movie Finding Nemo , I’m sure everyone has seen it. Dory suffers from Short-Term Memory Loss. She forgets why Marvin is following her, and she forgets where she’s even going. Slide 4: To find out if I suffered from Short-Term Memory Loss or not, I took a test to see. I took a test on http://faculty.washington.edu During the test, you go through 6 trials. During the trials, it flashes different letters at you. The letters will stay up for 3 seconds, then it will go on to the next trial. You are supposed to write down what letters you can remember, after it disappears. After you go through all trials, you write down all of the letters that you remember from all of the trials in the chart provided. If you don’t have a lot of letters, you suffer from Short-Term Memory Loss. In my conclusion, I kind of suffer from Short-term Memory Loss. I have realized before that I have a hard time remembering certain things, such as a long sequence of something. But if I chunk the information it helps me. Preventing Short-Term Memory Loss: Preventing Short-Term Memory Loss Chunking is when you put information in your brain in big chunks. Example: In the Brain book it gives numbers like 10193472011 and asks you to memorize them. Then it gives you the same numbers but in a different order, 10 1934 7 2011, and asks you to remember those. Since those are in Chunks it is easier to remember. Chunking is used to increase Short-Term Memory capacity. Exercising to get more oxygen to your brain. Repetition is when you repeat something over and over to shove it in your brain. I personally memorize everything I have to study, and I also chunk. Drawing would help also because it creates a visual picture for your brain. It sticks with it. Another example from Finding Nemo would be where Dory repeats the address over and over, and it helps her remember it. Slide 6: _________________________________________________________________ Event Based Time Based How easily do you forget? We remember events better than the time. We remember playing on the playground when we were in Elementary School, but we don’t remember the day it was. This is because people remember more with visions and the fun memories that we shared with out friends. Since there are 365 days in a year, we don’t remember the day. Slide 7: Encoding = Information body recieves that gets modified so the brain can understand. Automatic = Easy to remember. Such as C O L O R S or your name. Effortful = Information will have to be repeated. Such as times tables, phone numbers, or schoolwork. Declarative Memory = Involves things you declare. Such as facts and events or memories that can always be remembered. Slide 8: Personal Declarative Memories Senior Prom Slide 9: Who does it affect? Old People The Elderly tend to Have Short-Term Memory Loss, which Could lead to Alzheimer’s Disease Busy People When you have a busy schedule, It is hard to remember the little stuff. Such as picking up your child from school. You can also be born with it . Slide 10: There is a difference between Alzheimer’s Disease and Short-Term Memory Loss. A lot of people disagree. Alzheimer’s Disease causes memory impairments from early stages. This is because of all of the cell death. Alzheimer’s is more common in older people then the youth. Memory Loss can be caused from a result of trauma, age, dug/alcohol use, or a stroke. Sometimes people refer to it as Amnesia. Some Random Facts Slide 11: Short-Term Memory can’t necessarily be cured, but it can be worked on. You can improve your Short-Term Memory by: Slow Down Your Life Getting More Sleep Watch Your Medicines Eat Right Check Your Blood Pressure Do Puzzles Slide 12: Overall, it’s not a horrible thing to suffer from Short-Term Memory Loss. About 4 million people in the world suffer from it. You can’t cure it, but you can improve it in many ways. Including seeing a doctor. All sorts of people suffer from it whether you are young, old, famous, or poor. If your not sure if you suffer from it or not, you can always take the test online that I took to see if you do.