NGOs & Gender Justice 18-1-2011

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NGOs & Gender Justice:

1 NGOs & Gender Justice ® Dr. Vibhuti Patel, DIRECTOR, P.G.S. R. Professor and Head, Post Graduate Department of Economics, SNDT Women’s University, Smt. Nathibai Thakersey Road, Churchgate, Mumbai-400020 Tel  91) (22) 22052970, Mobile-9321040048 E mail:

Anti-Dowry Agitation, 1978:

2 Anti-Dowry Agitation, 1978 Actions of newly formed women’s rights groups against dowry murders Dowry Prohibition (Amendment) Act Section 498 A- unnatural death of women within first 10 years of marriage due to physical or mental harassment Family Court Act, 1984 Domestic Violence Act, 2005

Anti Rape Movement, 1980:

3 Anti Rape Movement, 1980 Mathura Rape Case judgment of the Supreme Court of India, 1980 Nationwide anti-rape movement demanding a. Amendments in the rape laws b. Justice to Mathura Concerted efforts made to motivate M.P.s to support the demand & raise the issue in the parliament thro’ star questions Global Media Coverage

Gender Just Family Laws, 1986:

4 Gender Just Family Laws, 1986 Mary Roy, Syrian Christian Personal law Shahbano- Maintenance for divorced Muslim women Response of the ruling party Muslim Women’s Protection of Rights on Divorce Act, 1986 angered the women’s movement Face-saving measures Anti-obscenity Act, 1986 Sati Prevention Act, 1987 NPPW, 1988

Maternity Benefits (MB), 1988 :

5 Maternity Benefits (MB), 1988 Unmarried pregnant women’s right to maternity benefits- Case of a woman employee in LIC Debate in the parliament 1993- NEP-Women economists met the finance minister to ensure safety net in the context of SAP Umbrella legislation, State funded MB ILO’s initiative-120 days of paid maternity leaves and other benefits

Shram Shakti Report, 1988:

6 Shram Shakti Report, 1988 In 1988, women’s studies centres and women activists throughout the country made important contribution for preparation of two important documents- Shramshakti (Report of the Committee on Self-employment women and women in the Unorganised Sector) and SEVA, WWF & Annapurna

National Perspective Plan for Women, NPPW 1988-2000:

7 National Perspective Plan for Women, NPPW 1988-2000 Women’s movement felt being cheated and a document called “Response from the Women’s Movement” was prepared to focus on the limitations of the official NPPW document and CWDS circulated it all over India. India ratified CEDAW Collaborative work between NGOs and legislators at Beijing Conference

Round Tables on Women in Decision Making, 1991:

8 Round Tables on Women in Decision Making, 1991 During 1990s, CSR organised round tables for women in decision making in which legislators, political and social activists, academicians, administrators, researchers and policy makes were invited to discus pressing problems of women. Rapport building to deal with sex-selective abortions, reforms in the family laws, population policy, formation of NCW and 33% reservation of seats in the local self government bodies .

Mahila Rajsatta Andolan, Stree Multi Sangathana Women in Electoral Bodies:

9 Mahila Rajsatta Andolan, Stree Multi Sangathana Women in Electoral Bodies Women’s strength in the Panchayati Raj institutions had increased and gender audit of budgets has become an important exercise for grass-roots groups. All attempts are made to sabotage the bill asking for 33% reservation of seats for women in the legislative assembly and the parliament.

Women Power Connect: Legislative coordination:

10 Women Power Connect: Legislative coordination 33% Reservation of women in the Parliament Trafficking of women and child-prostitution has increased at an alarming rate. PCPNDT Act, 2002 Implementation of Domestic Violence Act, 2005 Gender Audit of Budgets

Point of View, Abhivyakti Women’s Issues in Mass Media:

11 Point of View, Abhivyakti Women’s Issues in Mass Media Advertisements, television serials and the commercial film industries are projecting women as spare-parts for sale and also perpetuating extremely regressive and obscurantist patriarchal values. Cultural revivalism perpetuating stereotypical sexist image of women as home-makers. Virtuous versus Vamp Absence of legislative coordination

CEHAT, MASUM, Jan Swasthya Abhiyan:

12 CEHAT, MASUM, Jan Swasthya Abhiyan ICPD, RR of W & Population Policy Implications of population control policies have been devastating for poor women as they have been targeted for long acting, hormone based contraceptive injections and implants. Violation of International Convention of Population and Development, reproductive rights of women Class, caste and communal biases in the population policies need to be challenged. Common Minimum Programme and two child norm

Vacha, Shaishav, Doorstep, Sahayog :

13 Vacha, Shaishav, Doorstep, Sahayog Nutrition Education-Remedial Teaching-learning Skill Cultural activities Creativity Assertiveness & Self Defense Personality Development and Self Esteem English speaking Computer Literacy Support to Ex-Child Prostitutes Girl child workers

Important issues at stake have been:

14 Important issues at stake have been Domestic Violence Bill PNDT Act, 2003 and sex selective abortions of Female Foetuses Indian women-An Endangered Species??? Women’s Reservation (in the state assembly & the parliament of India) Bill Mental Health Policy, 2001-Bapu Trust, Pune

ICHRL, Majlis, Sakhya, SMS, FAOW Sexual Harassment at workplace:

15 ICHRL, Majlis, Sakhya, SMS, FAOW Sexual Harassment at workplace Supreme court directive on Vishaka Judgment Role of National Commission of Women Sexual Harassment at Workplace Bill Star questions in legislative assembly and the parliament Cases against politically powerful men- need for equally powerful opposition

Women’s Research and Action Group & Awaz-e-Niswan :

16 Women’s Research and Action Group & Awaz-e-Niswan Work among Minority Women Doorstep Education Legal Literacy Adolescent Girls programme Income Generation Support to women in distress Domestic Violence Women’s Cell of Moholla Committees

Microfinance and SHGs:

17 Microfinance and SHGs Stree Mukti Sangathana SEWA Annapurna Mann Desi Mahila Sahakari Mandali/Bank MASUM YUVA-Dharavi Share Sakti

Every issue is women’s Issue:

18 Every issue is women’s Issue Women in Panchayati Raj Institutions Gender Audit of Budgets Environmental Safety Population Policy & Missing Girls Tourism, Prostitution & environmental damage Displacement due to mega projects Housing Rights

Promote Women’s Agency through Action, Research, Advocacy, legislative coordination:

19 Promote Women’s Agency through Action, Research, Advocacy, legislative coordination Women’s rights are human rights. Respect for diversity, plurality and multicultural outlook ensure democratic and tolerant milieu that is conducive for empowerment of women.

Thank You:

20 Thank You

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