BPR

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Thank You For Downloading This Free Module:

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Business Process Reengineering Please Note That This A Sample Module Only And Is Not An Exhaustive Treatment Of This Topic. Should you wish to see another sample module of our full training modules Contact oaksales@oaktraining.com :

Business Process Reengineering Please Note That This A Sample Module Only And Is Not An Exhaustive Treatment Of This Topic. Should you wish to see another sample module of our full training modules Contact oaksales@oaktraining.com

Learning Objectives:

Learning Objectives Explain the role of Business Process Reengineering (BPR) within the organization Understand the origins and key characteristics of BPR Identify and be able to use core BPR Symbols

Learning Objectives:

Learning Objectives Understand and be able to implement a BPR Strategy Understand the main challenges in implementing a BPR Strategy

BPR & The Organization:

BPR & The Organization

What is BPR?:

What is BPR? Reengineering is the fundamental rethinking and redesign of business processes to achieve dramatic improvements in critical, contemporary measures of performance, such as cost, quality, service and speed. (Hammer & Champy, 1993)

BPR is Not?:

BPR is Not? Automation Downsizing Outsourcing

BPR Versus Process Simplification:

BPR Versus Process Simplification Process Reengineering Radical Transformation Vision-Led Change Attitudes & Behaviors Director-Led Limited Number of Initiatives Process Simplification Incremental Change Process-Led Assume Attitudes & Behaviors Management-Led Various Simultaneous Projects (Source Coulson-Thomas, 1992)

BPR Versus Continuous Improvement:

BPR Versus Continuous Improvement Process Reengineering Radical Transformation People & Technology Focus High Investment Rebuild Champion Driven Continuous Improvement Incremental Change People Focus Low Investment Improve Existing Work Unit Driven

What is a Process?:

What is a Process? A specific ordering of work activities across time and space, with a beginning, an end, and clearly identified inputs and outputs: a structure for action. (Davenport, 1993)

What is a Business Process?:

What is a Business Process? A group of logically related tasks that use the firm's resources to provide customer-oriented results in support of the organization's objectives

Why Reengineer?:

Why Reengineer? Customers Demanding Sophistication Changing Needs Competition Local Global

Why Reengineer?:

Why Reengineer? Change Technology Customer Preferences

Why Organizations Don’t Reengineer?:

Why Organizations Don’t Reengineer? Complacency Political Resistance New Developments Fear of Unknown and Failure

Performance:

Performance BPR seeks improvements of Cost Quality Service Speed

Origins:

Origins Scientific Management. FW Taylor (1856-1915). Frederick Herzberg - Job Enrichment Deming et al - Total Quality Management and Kaizen In Search of Excellence (Peters and Waterman) Value-Added Analysis (Porter).

Key Characteristics:

Key Characteristics Systems Philosophy Global Perspective on Business Processes Radical Improvement Integrated Change People Centred Focus on End-Customers Process-Based

Systems Perspective:

Transformation Inputs Outputs Feedback Environment Systems Perspective

Process Based:

Process Based Added Value BPR Initiatives must add-value over and above the existing process Customer-Led BPR Initiatives must meet the needs of the customer

Radical Improvement:

Radical Improvement Sustainable Process improvements need to become firmly rooted within the organization Stepped Approach Process improvements will not happen over night they need to be gradually introduced Also assists the acceptance by staff of the change

Integrated Change:

Integrated Change Viable Solutions Process improvements must be viable and practical Balanced Improvements Process improvements must be realistic

People-Centred:

People-Centred Business Understanding Empowerment & Participation Organizational Culture

Focus on End-Customers:

Focus on End-Customers Process improvements must relate to the needs of the organization and be relevant to the end-customers to which they are designed to serve

BPR Symbols:

BPR Symbols

Business Process Flowchart Symbols:

Business Process Flowchart Symbols An Activity A Document A Decision Data (input as outputs)

Business Process Flowchart Symbols:

Business Process Flowchart Symbols A Predefined Process The Start of a Process The End of a Process Representing a Relation Start End

Business Process Flowchart Symbols:

Business Process Flowchart Symbols Continuation of the process at the same page at an equal symbol with the same number. Used when a relation arrow crosses another relation arrow Off-Page Connector - Process will continue on the next page Integration Relation - A relation to another module is identified and described

Data Flowchart Symbols:

Data Flowchart Symbols An Activity A Document A Decision Flat Data File (input as outputs)

Data Flowchart Symbols:

Data Flowchart Symbols Manual Data Item A Database File Representing a Relation Continuation Off-Page Connector

Rules For Data Symbols:

Rules For Data Symbols

Rules For Data Symbols:

Rules For Data Symbols Start End Generate Purchase Order OK? Yes No Symbol used to identify the start of a business process Activities must be described as a verb Decisions have only two possibilities (Yes & No) Crossing lines are not allowed If one side of the decision has no further processes defined this symbol has to be used

Rules For Data Symbols:

Rules For Data Symbols Purchase Order Posting of Bonus I A Continuation symbol within the same number must be present twice on the same page Name the document Off- Page Connector is used to continue a process at the next page or to let the process to flow over at the previous to the next page. If more than one is needed use A, B, C, D … Name the data

Rules For Data Symbols:

Rules For Data Symbols Sub-Process Delivery BC 4.04 Predefined Processes always have a relation to level and stream by a number in the line below a sub-process description A predefined process must be described in a different flowchart. To make the relation clear between the predefined process and the belonging flowchart a unique alpha numeric number should be assigned to this predefined process.

Version Management:

Version Management For different versions of a business process or data flow some mandatory information must be on the flowchart. Name of the business process Unique number of the business process Revision number Date of last change Author Page number with total pages

Implementing a BPR Strategy:

Implementing a BPR Strategy

Key Steps:

Key Steps Select The Process & Appoint Process Team Understand The Current Process Develop & Communicate Vision Of Improved Process Identify Action Plan Execute Plan

Select the Process & Appoint Process Team:

Select the Process & Appoint Process Team Two Crucial Tasks Select The Process to be Reengineered Appoint the Process Team to Lead the Reengineering Initiative

Select the Process:

Select the Process Review Business Strategy and Customer Requirements Select Core Processes Understand Customer Needs Don’t Assume Anything

Select the Process:

Select the Process Select Correct Path for Change Remember Assumptions can Hide Failures Competition and Choice to Go Elsewhere Ask - Questionnaires, Meetings, Focus Groups

Appoint the Process Team:

Appoint the Process Team Appoint BPR Champion Identify Process Owners Establish Executive Improvement Team Provide Training to Executive Team

Core Skills Required:

Core Skills Required Capacity to view the organization as a whole Ability to focus on end-customers Ability to challenge fundamental assumptions Courage to deliver and venture into unknown areas

Core Skills Required:

Core Skills Required Ability to assume individual and collective responsibility Employ ‘Bridge Builders’

Use of Consultants:

Use of Consultants Used to generate internal capacity Appropriate when a implementation is needed quickly Ensure that adequate consultation is sought from staff so that the initiative is organization-led and not consultant-driven Control should never be handed over to the consultant

Understand the Current Process:

Understand the Current Process Develop a Process Overview Clearly define the process Mission Scope Boundaries Set business and customer measurements Understand customers expectations from the process (staff including process team)

Understand the Current Process:

Understand the Current Process Clearly Identify Improvement Opportunities Quality Rework Document the Process Cost Time Value Data

Understand the Current Process:

Understand the Current Process Carefully resolve any inconsistencies Existing -- New Process Ideal -- Realistic Process

Develop & Communicate Vision of Improved Process:

Develop & Communicate Vision of Improved Process Communicate with all employees so that they are aware of the vision of the future Always provide information on the progress of the BPR initiative - good and bad. Demonstrate assurance that the BPR initiative is both necessary and properly managed

Develop & Communicate Vision of Improved Process:

Develop & Communicate Vision of Improved Process Promote individual development by indicating options that are available Indicate actions required and those responsible Tackle any actions that need resolution Direct communication to reinforce new patterns of desired behavior

Identify Action Plan:

Identify Action Plan Develop an Improvement Plan Appoint Process Owners Simplify the Process to Reduce Process Time Remove any Bureaucracy that may hinder implementation

Identify Action Plan:

Identify Action Plan Remove no-value-added activities Standardize Process and Automate Where Possible Up-grade Equipment Plan/schedule the changes

Identify Action Plan:

Identify Action Plan Construct in-house metrics and targets Introduce and firmly establish a feedback system Audit, Audit, Audit

Execute Plan:

Execute Plan Qualify/certify the process Perform periodic qualification reviews Define and eliminate process problems Evaluate the change impact on the business and on customers Benchmark the process Provide advanced team training

Information Technology & BPR:

Information Technology & BPR

Benefits From IT:

Benefits From IT Assists the Implementation of Business Processes Enables Product & Service Innovations Improve Operational Efficiency Coordinate Vendors & Customers in the Process Chain

Computer Aided BPR (CABPR):

Computer Aided BPR (CABPR) Focus Business Processes Process Redesign Process Implementation

BPR Challenges:

BPR Challenges

Common Problems:

Common Problems Process Simplification is Common - True BPR is Not Desire to Change Not Strong Enough Start Point the Existing Process Not a Blank Slate Commitment to Existing Processes Too Strong REMEMBER - “If it ain’t broke …” Quick Fix Approach

Common Problems with BPR:

Common Problems with BPR Process under review too big or too small Reliance on existing process too strong The Costs of the Change Seem Too Large BPR Isolated Activity not Aligned to the Business Objectives Allocation of Resources Poor Timing and Planning Keeping the Team and Organization on Target

Summary:

Summary Reengineering is a fundamental rethinking and redesign of business processes to achieve dramatic improvements BPR has emerged from key management traditions such as scientific management and systems thinking Rules and symbols play an integral part of all BPR initiatives

Summary:

Summary Don’t assume anything - remember BPR is fundamental rethinking of business processes

Thank You For Downloading This Free Module:

Thank You For Downloading This Free Module As Way Of Appreciation We Will Provide You With A Free Module For Every Module Purchased On Your First Order Buy 1 - Get 1 Free Buy 2 - Get 2 Free And So On … To Find Out How To Avail Of This Amazing Offer Contact oaksales@oaktraining.com