Slide 1: Izannah Walker’s Amazing Dolls Slide 2: Izannah Walker’s Amazing Dolls Slide 3: Izannah Walker’s Amazing Dolls Slide 4: Izannah Walker’s Amazing Dolls Slide 5: Izannah Walker’s Amazing Dolls Slide 6: Photos from a special exhibit at the 2010 Doll Collector’s of America 75 th Annual Meeting Slide 7: With more than 30 examples, the display of Izannah Walker’s dolls filled the room. Slide 9: Izannah Walker’s dolls : Are the earliest known cloth dolls commercially produced America. Were being made long before her 1873 patent. Were made for child’s play. Dolls in the exhibit were from 13 to 24 inches tall. Slide 10: Izannah’s dolls capture the simplicity of childhood. Ella Blue measures 18 inches. Her provenance dates her before the patent. Slide 11: They are precious portraits of childhood from every angle. Slide 12: Izannah Walker (1817-1888) was a cloth doll artist who worked in Central Falls, Rhode Island, in the 19 th century. Her occupation was listed as “Doll Maker” in a 1865 census. She was granted a patent for an improvement in the manufacture of her dolls in 1873. In her patent she claimed, “her dolls were inexpensive and easy to keep clean, and not apt to injure a young child.” Her sister, Jane, and her aunt, Jane Hintz, were also doll manufacturers, and probably assisted her in making the dolls. Slide 13: The dolls’ faces were oil painted. Slide 14: This doll is named Amelia. Slide 15: Doll on the left measures 20 inches, the one on the right, 17-1/2 inches. Slide 16: Center part, side curls, more curls down the nape of the neck Slide 17: Center part, side curls, more curls down the nape of the neck Slide 18: These dolls look as if they have stepped out of an American primitive painting. Slide 19: Each face has its own unique expression. Slide 20: Each face has its own unique expression. Slide 21: These Izannah Walker dolls had once belonged to DCA member Maurine Popp. Collectors have benefitted from her long-term study of these dolls. Slide 22: 16-inch doll marked on the front of the torso, “John Shedd bought 1858.” Slide 25: This large doll measures 21 inches. Slide 26: The heads are made from of cotton stockinette pressed into a mold. Slide 29: This doll, named Jessie, is only 13 inches tall. Slide 32: Jeremiah has an unusual face mold and blue eyes. He is 14 inches tall. Slide 34: Here you can see how the head was stitched to the body. Slide 35: Label on this doll says “E. F. WALKER, PATENT, NOV. 4 TH 1873.” Slide 36: This doll measures 15-1/2 inches. Her carriage was made by Joel Ellis. Slide 38: You can see characteristic features or “family relationship” of these dolls. Slide 39: Becky is 18 inches tall. Slide 40: Becky is 18 inches tall. Slide 41: Boys are less commonly found. Slide 42: This 18-inch doll still has much of her original face paint. Slide 43: This 18-inch doll still has much of her original face paint. Slide 45: Each of Izannah Walker’s dolls has its own distinct personality. Slide 46: Each of Izannah Walker’s dolls has its own distinct personality. Slide 47: This doll is beautifully dressed in a white cotton dress. The skirt is gathered onto a waistband and the sleeves and skirt are decorated with tucks. Slide 49: Oil painting the faces gives Izannah’s dolls a soft quality. Slide 50: Handsomely attired, this doll wears a lovely printed wool challis dress. Slide 52: Predating the improved patent, this doll has wavy hair framing her face. Slide 53: Short hair fringed in back Slide 55: Named Phoebe, this doll is also an example of an early doll made before the patent. Slide 56: Named Phoebe, this doll is also an example of an early doll made before the patent. Slide 59: Izannah Walker dolls often show the effects of time and being dearly loved by their young owners. Slide 61: These dolls were made for over 30 years. Slide 64: Ida Mae still possesses her original wardrobe. Slide 66: Doll on the left measures 15-1/2 inches; one on the right, 17 inches. Slide 67: She has two curls in front of each ear, more curls wrap around the back of her neck. Slide 68: This doll has a shorter hairstyle with gently curled wisps framing her face. Slide 69: This boy doll, named John Thayer, measures 15 inches. He still wears his original costume . Slide 71: His side-parted hair is painted with slightly curled wisps. Slide 72: 17-1/2 inch girl doll still wears her original green wool challis dress. Slide 73: 17-1/2 inch girl doll still wears her original green wool challis dress. Slide 74: This 24-inch doll, in outstanding condition, has appeared on a U.S postage stamp. Slide 75: This 24-inch doll, in outstanding condition, has appeared on a U.S postage stamp. Slide 77: These two dolls show off their corkscrew curls. Slide 80: Their clothes are as varied as the dolls themselves. Slide 84: Eliza measures 15-1/2 inches. Slide 86: These dolls came with many different hairstyles. Slide 88: Another 19-inch example. Slide 91: Painting of the face and eyes Slide 92: Much attention was given to the painting of the eyes. Notice the dark line outlining the eyes and the line accenting the eyelid. Brows are feathered. Slide 93: Almost single stroke brows Very little feathering Slide 94: Many dolls have BROWN eyes. Slide 95: Cheeks are usually brightly blushed. Slide 96: Mouth is heart-shaped with a darker line separating the lips. Red dots accent each nostril. Slide 97: Look closely - a few of the dolls have eyelashes. Slide 98: This doll also has eyelashes. Slide 99: This doll’s painting is a little different. A few dolls have BLUE eyes. Slide 100: Hair styles and curls Slide 101: Three soft curls brushed forward Slide 102: Center part; hair is wavy around the face, short wisps across the back Slide 103: Center part; hair is wavy around the face, short wisps across the back Slide 104: Two soft curls brushed forward Slide 105: Black hair, two small curls brushed forward Slide 106: Short, wispy curls fringed around the face Slide 107: Three curls in front of each ear, seven more around the back of the neck Slide 108: Two corkscrew curls in front of each ear and more curls all the way around the back Slide 109: More curls Slide 110: Curls in front of each ear, cropped short across the back Slide 111: Hair styles And some Boys… Slide 112: The boy’s side-parted style is enhanced with wisps of softly curled hair around the face. Slide 113: Short hair, side part, lightly feathered around the hairline Slide 114: The Hands Slide 115: Cloth hands are painted Slide 116: Fingers are stitched, thumb separate Slide 117: Feet And shoes Slide 118: Ankle-high shoes painted black with laces Slide 119: Black painted boot with red buttons Slide 120: Notice shaping of the heel, Slide 121: Notice shaping of the heel, fine lacing and delicate bow Slide 122: Black boots are decorated with red trim at the top. The soles of the boots are gray. Slide 123: Brown boots Slide 124: Bare feet with stitched toes Slide 125: Another style of bare feet Slide 126: Bare feet with dark blue, well-worn leather shoes Slide 127: The Ears Slide 128: applied ears Slide 133: The Doll’s construction Slide 134: Unpainted doll shows construction. Body made of muslin. Slide 135: Molded face before features are painted. Slide 136: the patent Slide 137: Figure 1 - cross-section of doll head Figure 2 – view of the press Figure 3 – view of the die Figure 4 - view of completed doll a – outer webbing b – outer layer of stuffing c – inner layers of cloth d – inner or hard stuffing e – stiffening rod Slide 138: Appropriate Clothing Slide 139: Many of the dresses were made of cotton print fabrics – dimity, calico, muslin Slide 141: Short sleeves and full skirts were in fashion Slide 142: Aprons Commercially printed aprons, to be finished at home, could be purchased. Slide 143: With the creation of her hand crafted dolls, Izannah Walker left us a legacy which will continue bringing joy and admiration to collectors and other enthusiasts. Slide 144: Her example as a successful businesswoman will also inspire women in pursuing the creation of their own businesses. Slide 147: The end Slide 148: The end Slide 149: The end THE END Slide 150: Photography and Program Design by Cynthia E. Musser Thanks to: Carol Corson Donelle Denery Joy Harrington Sue Popp and the DCA Board Created 2011 Slide 151: References: Bessette , Monica, “The Search for Izannah Walker,” DOLL NEWS, United Federation of Doll Clubs, Spring, 1994, p.48-51. Bessette , Monica, “Walker Dolls: A Family Affair,” DOLL NEWS, United Federation of Doll Clubs, Summer, 1998, p.41-44. Coleman, Dorothy S., Elizabeth A., Evelyn J. Collectors Encyclopedia of Dolls, New York: Crown Publishers Inc., 1968. Coleman, Dorothy S., Elizabeth A., Evelyn J. Collectors Encyclopedia of Dolls Vol.2, New York: Crown Publishers Inc., 1986. Corson, Carol, “An Izannah Walker Reunion, ” Antique Doll Magazine , August, 2011, p.19-26. Johl , Janet Pagter . Your Dolls and Mine, A Collector’s Handbook , New York: H. L. Lindquist Publications, 1952.